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Erickson, Mary – Studies in Art Education, 1995
Provides evidence that sixth-grade students are capable of considerable art historical understanding. Suggests that second-grade students are able to incorporate knowledge of individual artists, and some limited historical perspective, in their consideration of artworks. Includes assessment instrument and statistical tables. (MJP)
Descriptors: Aesthetic Values, Art Activities, Art Criticism, Art Education
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King, Irvin L. – Studies in Art Education, 1991
Examines studies, especially those of Viktor Lowenfeld, which suggest that coloring books are harmful to the creative expression of children. Proposes an alternative hypothesis that views coloring books as useful teaching tools to help children understand and appreciate art. Calls for further research into the issue. (KM)
Descriptors: Art Activities, Art Appreciation, Art Education, Art History
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Jeffers, Carol S. – Studies in Art Education, 1993
Reports on a survey of 122 elementary art education methods instructors in the United States and Canada. Finds that methods courses focus on one of three general areas: (1) those that focus on art itself; (2) those that focus on pedagogical issues; or (3) those that focus on the non-art major preservice teacher. (CFR)
Descriptors: Art Education, Art Teachers, Course Content, Education Courses
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Bresler, Liora – Studies in Art Education, 1994
Reports on a three-year ethnographic study of the visual arts curriculum in three elementary schools. Finds three distinct orientations: (1) the rote, teacher-centered orientation; (2) the open-ended, student-centered orientation; and (3) the higher order, cognitive orientation. (CFR)
Descriptors: Art Education, Art Teachers, Class Organization, Classroom Environment
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Mims, Sandra Kay; Lankford, E. Louis – Studies in Art Education, 1995
Maintains that time and money are significant variables affecting the way art is taught. Reports on a survey of elementary art teachers. Finds that the teachers perceive themselves to be undervalued, have little planning time, and are provided with limited budgets to achieve educational objectives. (CFR)
Descriptors: Art Education, Art Teachers, Classroom Techniques, Curriculum Development
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Flannery, Kathleen A.; Watson, Malcolm W. – Studies in Art Education, 1995
Reports on a study of the relationship of sex differences to levels of theme realism, aggression, expressiveness, and artistic skills among 114 elementary students. Finds that boys' drawings were more unrealistic and aggressive than those of girls. (CFR)
Descriptors: Aggression, Art Education, Childhood Attitudes, Childrens Art
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Emery, Lee – Studies in Art Education, 1989
Uses a case-study approach to examine the role of belief as a catalytic quality in the artistic making and the thinking processes used by children. Describes the processes encountered by children when presented with artistic tasks. Discusses the relationship between belief and the three other main dimensions of artistic thinking and making: social…
Descriptors: Art Education, Case Studies, Cognitive Processes, Creative Development