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Baker, Dominique J.; Britton, Tolani – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Reported hate crimes have increased rapidly in recent years, including on college campuses. Concurrently, general racial animus has increased in the United States. Scholars have shown that the larger sociopolitical environment can directly impact the campus climate and experiences of all students, particularly students of color. However, little is…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Bias, African American Students, College Students
Pearman, Francis A., II; Greene, Danielle Marie – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Largely overlooked in the empirical literature on gentrification is the potential impact that school closures play in this process. This study examines whether the weakening of the neighborhood-school connection brought about by school closures affects the likelihood that nearby neighborhoods experience gentrification. Integrating longitudinal…
Descriptors: School Closing, Neighborhoods, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
Gagné, Josh – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Though schools do not track in Brazil, I find that black/white classroom segregation in Brazil is greater than recent estimates from North Carolina high schools (Clotfelter et al., 2020). How does race-based classroom segregation occur without tracking, and in a supposed "racial paradise," no less? Using national, student-level data…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Racial Segregation, Classes (Groups of Students), Grade 5
Morton, Emily – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Four-day school weeks have proliferated across the United States in recent years, reaching over 650 public school districts in 24 states as of 2019, but little is known about the effects of the four-day school week on high school students. This study uses district-level panel data from Oklahoma and a difference-in-differences research design to…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Adolescents, High School Students, Academic Achievement
Pearman, Francis A., II. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
This study examines the relationship between county-level estimates of implicit racial bias and black-white test score gaps in U.S. schools. Data from over 1 million respondents from across the United States who completed an online version of the Race Implicit Association Test (IAT) were combined with data from the Stanford Education Data Archive…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Racial Differences, Scores, Association Measures
Fesler, Lily – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Although many programs remotely disseminate information to students about the college application process, there is little evidence as to how students experience these programs. This paper examines a large-scale remote counseling program in which college counselors initiated interactions with 15,000 high school seniors via text message to support…
Descriptors: High School Seniors, College Faculty, Telecommunications, College Applicants
Morton, Emily – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Motivated by potential financial savings, four-day school weeks have proliferated across the United States in recent years, reaching public schools in 25 states as of 2018. The consequences of the four-day school week for students, schools, and communities are largely unknown. This paper uses district-level panel data from Oklahoma and a…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Public Schools, Educational Finance, School Districts
Bertoni, Eleonora; Elacqua, Gregory; Marotta, Luana; Martinez, Matías; Santos, Humberto; Soares, Sammara – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Public spending on education has increased significantly in Latin America over the last several decades. Yet, the question remains as to whether greater spending translates into a more equitable distribution of resources. We address this issue by measuring inequality in per-pupil spending between regions of varying socioeconomic status (SES)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Equity (Finance), Expenditure per Student, Differences
Dizon-Ross, Elise – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Despite the recent dramatic rise in student homelessness in the U.S., little research evidence exists on the effects of homelessness programs and interventions on students and young people. This paper examines the effects of a homelessness prevention and rapid rehousing program--which combines temporary rental subsidies with light-touch case…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Prevention, Student Mobility, Housing
Dee, Thomas S.; Loeb, Susanna; Shi, Ying – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Major philanthropic initiatives that incorporate features of venture-capital practices have become increasingly prominent, particularly in K-12 public education. In this study, we provide empirical evidence on the reach, character, and impact of the Broad Superintendents Academy, a prominent and controversial venture-philanthropic initiative…
Descriptors: Public Sector, Philanthropic Foundations, Private Financial Support, Educational Finance
Dee, Thomas S.; Pérez-Núñez, Graciela I. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
A growing body of evidence suggests that vocationally focused programs of study substantially improve high-school completion and longer-run economic success. However, the corresponding recommendations to expand vocational programs may have unintended, negative consequences for low-income, academically successful students (i.e., the "missing…
Descriptors: Vocational High Schools, College Preparation, Low Income Students, High Achievement
Murphy, Mark; Johnson, Angela – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
This study examines the effects of English Learner (EL) status on subsequent Special Education (SPED) placement. Through a research-practice partnership, we link student demographic data and initial English proficiency assessment data across seven cohorts of test takers and observe EL and SPED programmatic participation for these students over…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Special Education, Student Placement, Students with Disabilities
Pyne, Jaymes; Messner, Erica; Dee, Thomas S. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
The evidence that student learning declines sharply (or stagnates) during the summer has motivated a substantial interest in programs that provide intensive academic instruction during the summer. However, the existing literature suggests that such programs, which typically focus on just one or two subjects, have modest effects on students'…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Student Behavior, Middle School Students, Low Income Students
Shores, Kenneth A.; Candelaria, Christopher A.; Kabourek, Sarah E. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2019
Sixty-seven school finance reforms (SFRs) in 26 states have taken place since 1990; however, there is little empirical evidence on the heterogeneity of SFR effects. We provide a comprehensive description of how individual reforms affected resource allocation to low- and high-income districts within states, including both financial and…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Resource Allocation, School Districts, Finance Reform
Weathers, Ericka S.; Sosina, Victoria E. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2019
Resource exposure is believed to be a key mechanism linking patterns of racial segregation and student outcomes during the Brown v. Board of Education era. Decades later, literature suggests that past progress on school desegregation may have stalled, raising concerns about resource equity and associated student outcomes. Are recent trends in…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Racial Segregation, School Districts, School Desegregation
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