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York, Benjamin N. – Center for Education Policy Analysis at Stanford University, 2014
Teachers require knowledge of the unique skills that each child brings to the classroom in order to effectively target instruction towards students' learning needs. Despite substantial investments in programs aimed at enhancing teacher knowledge of individual students' skills (KISS), we know surprisingly little about how KISS is distributed or how…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 1
Gao, Niu – Center for Education Policy Analysis at Stanford University, 2013
This survey report contains the results of the 2009-10, 2010-11, and 2011-12 Teacher and Principal Surveys conducted by Stanford's Center for Education Policy Analysis (CEPA). The surveys were administered to teachers and principals in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD). This report appears in two parts, each highlighting some of…
Descriptors: Teacher Surveys, Principals, Administrator Surveys, Observation
Gao, Niu – Center for Education Policy Analysis at Stanford University, 2013
This report contains the results of the 2009-10, 2010-11, and 2011-12 Principal and Assistant Principal (AP) Surveys conducted by Stanford's Center for Education Policy Analysis (CEPA). The surveys were administered to principals and assistant principals in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD). This report appears in three parts, each…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Surveys, Administrator Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education
Center for Education Policy Analysis at Stanford University, 2013
Since the 2009-10 school-year, the Center for Education Policy Analysis (CEPA) at Stanford University administered Teacher, Assistant Principal (AP), and Principal surveys as part of San Francisco Unified School District's (SFUSD's) evaluation of the Quality Teacher and Education Act (passed as Proposition A 2008). The findings from these surveys…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Surveys, Administrator Attitudes, Elementary Secondary Education
Gao, Niu – Center for Education Policy Analysis at Stanford University, 2013
This survey report contains the results of the 2009-10, 2010-11, and 2011-12 Principal Surveys conducted by Stanford's Center for Education Policy Analysis (CEPA). The surveys were administered to principals in the San Francisco Unified School District (SFUSD). This report appears in two parts, each highlighting some of the aggregated responses…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Surveys, Administrator Attitudes, Satisfaction
Evans, Brent J. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
Millions of high school students take Advanced Placement (AP) courses, which can provide college credit. Using nationally representative data, I identify a diverse set of higher education outcomes that are related to receipt of AP college credit. Institution fixed effects regression reduces bias associated with varying AP credit policies and…
Descriptors: College Students, College Credits, Advanced Placement Programs, Time to Degree
Reardon, Sean F.; Fahle, Erin M.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Podolsky, Anne; Zárate, Rosalía C. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
In the first systematic study of gender achievement gaps in U.S. school districts, we estimate male-female test score gaps in math and English Language Arts (ELA) for nearly 10,000 school districts in the U.S. We use state accountability test data from third through eighth grade students in the 2008-09 through 2014-15 school years. The average…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Scores, Language Arts
Shi, Ying; Singleton, John D. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
In this paper, we study the role of expertise and independence on governing boards in the context of education. In particular, we examine the causal influence of professional educators elected to local school boards on education production. Educators may bring valuable human capital or experience to school district leadership, thereby improving…
Descriptors: Boards of Education, Expertise, School Districts, Professional Autonomy
Reardon, Sean F. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
I use standardized test scores from roughly 45 million students to describe the temporal structure of educational opportunity in over 11,000 school districts--almost every district in the US. For each school district, I construct two measures: the average academic performance of students in grade 3 and the within-cohort growth in test scores from…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains
Klasik, Daniel; Hutt, Ethan – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
Recent trends in higher education have increased interest in improving accountability in U.S. higher education beyond current accreditation practices. Many proposed solutions include using quantitative-performance measures like graduation and default rates to assess performance, but questions remain about how such a system could fit-in with…
Descriptors: Colleges, School Effectiveness, Accreditation (Institutions), Identification
Baker, Rachel; Dee, Thomas; Evans, Brent; John, June – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
While online learning environments are increasingly common, relatively little is known about issues of equity in these settings. We test for the presence of race and gender biases among postsecondary students and instructors in online classes by measuring student and instructor responses to discussion comments we posted in the discussion forums of…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Gender Bias, Online Courses, Equal Education
Klasik, Daniel; Blagg, Kristin; Pekor, Zachary – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
The U.S. has a stratified hierarchy of college and universities. Consequences of this stratification include large disparities in the returns to higher education between levels of postsecondary institutions, and gaps by race and income in terms of where students enroll that, together, have the potential to reproduce longstanding social inequality.…
Descriptors: Geographic Distribution, Colleges, Educational Opportunities, Access to Education
Fajnzylber, Eduardo; Lara, Bernardo; León, Tomás V. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
A student's ranking in the grade point average (GPA) distribution has emerged as an admission variable that increases admission rates of both segregated minorities and high-performance individuals. In 2012, Chile's centralized university admission system introduced a GPA ranking variable relative to the previous cohorts' average GPA. Such a system…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade Point Average, Grade Inflation, College Students
Baker, Rachel; Huntington-Klein, Nick – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
In order to graduate with a bachelor's degree, students must determine which classes they must take in order to satisfy the requirements of their major. These requirements are often complex and difficult to comprehend, leading to some policy interventions that aim to reduce complexity by either increasing the amount of student guidance in course…
Descriptors: College Students, Preferences, Guidance, Majors (Students)
Nguyen, Tuan D.; Kramer, Jenna W.; Evans, Brent J. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
It is well established that financial aid, in the form of grants, increases the probability of enrollment in postsecondary education. A slate of studies in recent years has extended this research to examine whether grant aid also has an impact on persistence and degree attainment. This paper presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of the…
Descriptors: Grants, Academic Persistence, Educational Attainment, Student Financial Aid
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