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Matheny, Kaylee T.; Thompson, Marissa E.; Townley-Flores, Carrie; reardon, sean f. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2022
We use data from the Stanford Education Data Archive to describe district-level trends in average academic achievement between 2009 and 2019. Though on average school districts' test scores improved very modestly (by about 0.001 SDs/year), there is significant variation among districts. Moreover, we find that average test score disparities between…
Descriptors: Trend Analysis, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, School Districts
Baker, Dominique J.; Britton, Tolani – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Reported hate crimes have increased rapidly in recent years, including on college campuses. Concurrently, general racial animus has increased in the United States. Scholars have shown that the larger sociopolitical environment can directly impact the campus climate and experiences of all students, particularly students of color. However, little is…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Bias, African American Students, College Students
Pearman, Francis A., II; Greene, Danielle Marie – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Largely overlooked in the empirical literature on gentrification is the potential impact that school closures play in this process. This study examines whether the weakening of the neighborhood-school connection brought about by school closures affects the likelihood that nearby neighborhoods experience gentrification. Integrating longitudinal…
Descriptors: School Closing, Neighborhoods, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
Gagné, Josh – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Though schools do not track in Brazil, I find that black/white classroom segregation in Brazil is greater than recent estimates from North Carolina high schools (Clotfelter et al., 2020). How does race-based classroom segregation occur without tracking, and in a supposed "racial paradise," no less? Using national, student-level data…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Racial Segregation, Classes (Groups of Students), Grade 5
Morton, Emily – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Four-day school weeks have proliferated across the United States in recent years, reaching over 650 public school districts in 24 states as of 2019, but little is known about the effects of the four-day school week on high school students. This study uses district-level panel data from Oklahoma and a difference-in-differences research design to…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Adolescents, High School Students, Academic Achievement
Murphy, Mark – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Growing evidence illustrates the size and character of public-school enrollment declines during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, far less is known about where unenrolled students went. Using unique cross-sector enrollment and mobility data from the state of Hawaii, this study provides evidence that demographic changes and movement to private…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Enrollment Trends, Student Mobility, Out of School Youth
Baker, Dominique J.; Edwards, Bethany; Lambert, Spencer F. X.; Randall, Grace – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
At least 38 states have created service areas or "districts" for each of their community colleges. However, little is known about the geographic boundaries of community college districts, the political process that defines them, and how they relate to institutional racial segregation. Given this dearth of knowledge, we studied nearly 150…
Descriptors: Politics, Community Colleges, Voting, Civil Rights
Dee, Thomas S.; Huffaker, Elizabeth; Philips, Cheryl; Sagara, Eric – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Before the 2020-21 school year, educators, policymakers, and parents confronted the stark and uncertain trade-offs implied by the health, educational, and economic consequences of offering instruction remotely, in person, or through a hybrid of the two. Most public schools in the U.S. chose remote-only instruction and enrollment fell dramatically…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Educational Change
Reardon, Sean F. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2021
Has the gap in average standardized test scores between students from high- and low-income families widened, narrowed, or remained stable over the last 3 decades? The question is important both because the achievement gap is measure of how (un)equally educational opportunities are distributed in the US, and because the disparity in educational…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Scores, Family Income, Academic Achievement
Bertoni, Eleonora; Elacqua, Gregory; Marotta, Luana; Martinez, Matías; Santos, Humberto; Soares, Sammara – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Public spending on education has increased significantly in Latin America over the last several decades. Yet, the question remains as to whether greater spending translates into a more equitable distribution of resources. We address this issue by measuring inequality in per-pupil spending between regions of varying socioeconomic status (SES)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Equity (Finance), Expenditure per Student, Differences
Dee, Thomas S.; Loeb, Susanna; Shi, Ying – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Major philanthropic initiatives that incorporate features of venture-capital practices have become increasingly prominent, particularly in K-12 public education. In this study, we provide empirical evidence on the reach, character, and impact of the Broad Superintendents Academy, a prominent and controversial venture-philanthropic initiative…
Descriptors: Public Sector, Philanthropic Foundations, Private Financial Support, Educational Finance
Dee, Thomas S.; Pérez-Núñez, Graciela I. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
A growing body of evidence suggests that vocationally focused programs of study substantially improve high-school completion and longer-run economic success. However, the corresponding recommendations to expand vocational programs may have unintended, negative consequences for low-income, academically successful students (i.e., the "missing…
Descriptors: Vocational High Schools, College Preparation, Low Income Students, High Achievement
Dizon-Ross, Elise – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
Despite the recent dramatic rise in student homelessness in the U.S., little research evidence exists on the effects of homelessness programs and interventions on students and young people. This paper examines the effects of a homelessness prevention and rapid rehousing program--which combines temporary rental subsidies with light-touch case…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Prevention, Student Mobility, Housing
Murphy, Mark; Johnson, Angela – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
This study examines the effects of English Learner (EL) status on subsequent Special Education (SPED) placement. Through a research-practice partnership, we link student demographic data and initial English proficiency assessment data across seven cohorts of test takers and observe EL and SPED programmatic participation for these students over…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Special Education, Student Placement, Students with Disabilities
Pyne, Jaymes; Messner, Erica; Dee, Thomas S. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2020
The evidence that student learning declines sharply (or stagnates) during the summer has motivated a substantial interest in programs that provide intensive academic instruction during the summer. However, the existing literature suggests that such programs, which typically focus on just one or two subjects, have modest effects on students'…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Student Behavior, Middle School Students, Low Income Students
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