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Manian, Nanmathi – National Comprehensive Center at Westat, 2021
The purpose of this document is to briefly introduce the research on Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and trauma and their relevance to schools. ACEs are acute or chronic events that threaten the child's physical or emotional well-being. This brief answers the following questions: (1) What are ACEs? (2) How common are ACEs? (3) What is trauma?…
Descriptors: Trauma, Child Development, Well Being, Educational Environment
Manian, Nanmathi – National Comprehensive Center at Westat, 2021
Addressing the surge in mental health and social and emotional needs of students and staff will be critical in the upcoming years. The increased understanding of the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and trauma, and their negative effects on the social, emotional, and academic success of students, has propelled a growing number of…
Descriptors: Trauma, Mental Health, Health Needs, Teaching Methods
Manian, Nanmathi; Belfield, Wendy; Berger, Christy – National Comprehensive Center at Westat, 2021
It is critical that states and districts support teachers by addressing their mental health and social and emotional needs, as well as by increasing their capacity to manage and teach students in the aftermath of COVID and its accompanying stressors. In order to create a supportive, trauma-informed classroom, it is imperative that instructors not…
Descriptors: School Districts, Daily Living Skills, Mental Health, Health Needs
Manian, Nanmathi; McColskey, Wendy; Benton, Kim; Lipshie, Noah – National Comprehensive Center at Westat, 2021
School communities in both urban and rural settings need trauma-informed (TI) supports; however, the adversities experienced and access to student supports may be unique to rural school communities. In addition, the contextual challenges experienced by rural schools and communities, as well as the strengths that can be drawn from them, will…
Descriptors: Trauma, Rural Schools, Child Development, School Districts