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ERIC Number: EJ865297
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 22
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0272
Towards an Understanding of the Means-Ends Relationship in Citizenship Education
McCowan, Tristan
Journal of Curriculum Studies, v41 n3 p321-342 2009
While it is clear that all educational undertakings consist of ends and means, the relationship between the two is far from straightforward. This article proposes a framework for understanding the relationship in the context of citizenship education. Qualitative research was undertaken of three educational initiatives in Brazil: the schools of the Landless Movement, the Plural School framework in the city of Belo Horizonte, and the Voter of the Future programme, run by the Electoral Tribunals. Case studies were carried out of each, involving documentary analysis, interviews, and observations. Analysis of the relationship between ends and means in each case gave rise to two key frames: the first, "proximity", refers to the extent to which ends and means are separate or unified; the second, "rationale", refers to the grounds on which means are chosen. Finally, the implications of this framework for understanding curriculum are drawn out. (Contains 7 notes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Brazil