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James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2021
Affirmative action is framed as a way to end discrimination and promote equality. However, it has led to unequal treatment of students on the basis of race, gender, economic status and national origin. This paper recommends steps that policymakers can take to protect education and academic merit. It also provides specific policy guidelines for…
Descriptors: Higher Education, College Admission, Minority Group Students, White Students
Baskerville, Stephen – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2021
In this Martin Center policy brief, "Scholastic Gag Orders: NDAs, Mandatory Arbitration, and the Legal Threat to Academics," Stephen Baskerville explores how non-disparagement agreements (NDAs) and mandatory arbitration (MA) provide a veil of legally enforced secrecy, shielding administrations from negative publicity, professional…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Freedom of Speech, Legal Problems, Disclosure
La Noue, George R. – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2021
Everywhere in higher education, there is a rhetorical affirmation of the values of free speech and the development of informed citizens. North Carolina's state motto in Latin is Esse Quam Videri, which translates to "To Be Rather Than to Seem." So it is reasonable to research what kind of speech actually exists on North Carolina…
Descriptors: Political Attitudes, Freedom of Speech, Higher Education, Campuses
Schalin, Jay – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
Two conditions are needed to effect large-scale reforms in academia: a hierarchical, top-down system of governance that can enact sweeping changes, and for that system to be controlled or heavily influenced by those outside the system. Strong board governance provides both of those conditions. Most university boards, especially the public ones,…
Descriptors: Governing Boards, Governance, Higher Education, College Administration
Robinson, Jenna A.; Maitra, Sumantra – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
Higher education is in crisis. Revenues from all sources are expected to decrease at both public and private universities. The current crisis will raise existential questions for small and mid-tier institutions. Only universities with massive endowments and highly competitive admissions will escape the effects of the coming enrollment cliff.…
Descriptors: Higher Education, COVID-19, Universities, Educational Finance
Pullmann, Joy; Maitra, Sumantra – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
How much of academia is infiltrated by activists? Some conservatives claim that "neo-Marxism" and its sister paradigms like feminist pedagogy, post-structuralism, and post-modernism have long infected certain departments in the humanities and social sciences. Those paradigms have now spread to more disciplines and funding committees.…
Descriptors: Activism, Higher Education, Departments, Political Attitudes
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
University students are America's future leaders in business, science, politics, philanthropy, and education. It is essential that universities provide for them an environment where the pursuit of truth and open inquiry are uninhibited. They must be exposed to differing ideas, engage in civil debate, and learn to appreciate America's tradition of…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, College Environment, Educational Policy, Federal Legislation
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
Academia's primary mission is the discovery, preservation, and dissemination of knowledge in a free, neutral, and unbiased manner. The expression of dissenting opinions is crucial to this mission and to achieve a well-examined understanding of the world. Thus, "Institutional Neutrality" is a guiding principle that states institutions of…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Institutional Characteristics, Political Attitudes
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
Viewpoint diversity is essential to the academic mission of colleges and universities. Academic freedom, open inquiry, honest debate, and the search for truth rely on diverse viewpoints being welcomed and protected on campus. In the past three decades, university faculty and administrators have become overwhelmingly liberal. This orthodoxy of…
Descriptors: Diversity, Political Attitudes, College Faculty, World Views
Kissel, Adam – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
This report examines five of North Carolina's largest universities -- University of North Carolina (UNC)-Chapel Hill, UNC Charlotte, North Carolina State University, Wake Forest University, and Duke University -- and finds that discrimination on the basis of sex is rampant at these higher education institutions. Tens of thousands of male students,…
Descriptors: State Universities, Gender Discrimination, Equal Education, Access to Education
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
Due Process is the right to fair and objective process in judicial matters. This is a right recognized in the 5th and 14th amendments of the United States Constitution, which provides that no one should be "be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law." In campus judicial proceedings, institutions should rely on…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Higher Education, Citizenship, Constitutional Law
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
Freedom of association is a fundamental right guaranteed by the first amendment. This encompasses the right of individuals to voluntarily join and leave groups, as well as the right of individuals to form groups to pursue common interests. This right makes it possible for people with diverse opinions to live peacefully in pluralistic communities…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Freedom, Higher Education, Constitutional Law
James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2020
A trigger warning is an early notification of any subject matter which might be considered traumatizing for the audience. It has been particularly common in university lectures and reading lists, and is either issued verbally prior to lectures or presentations, or is part of the syllabus. Trigger warnings have been enormously controversial.…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Trauma, Higher Education, Safety
Connor, Thomas – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2019
In 2017, the North Carolina legislature passed House Bill 527 (now State Law 2017-196) in order to foster free, open inquiry in the state's colleges and universities. One of the provisions ordered the University of North Carolina (UNC) system Board of Governors to produce an annual report on two major categories of intellectual freedom: free…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Universities, College Faculty, College Students
Schalin, Jay – James G. Martin Center for Academic Renewal, 2019
Few institutions receive more attention and more funding than our education system. And it certainly warrants that attention; after all, education plays a big part in determining the future. Reformers abound, for both higher education and the K-12 system. But they have largely missed one of the most crucial components of education, our schools of…
Descriptors: Schools of Education, Politics of Education, Teacher Education Curriculum, Course Descriptions
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