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Mansolf, Maxwell; Jorgensen, Terrence D.; Enders, Craig K. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Structural equation modeling (SEM) applications routinely employ a trilogy of significance tests that includes the likelihood ratio test, Wald test, and score test or modification index. Researchers use these tests to assess global model fit, evaluate whether individual estimates differ from zero, and identify potential sources of local misfit,…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Computation, Scores, Simulation
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Sahoo, Shalini; Millar, Roberto J.; Yamashita, Takashi; Cummins, Phyllis – Grantee Submission, 2020
Objectives: Routine cancer screening is widely recognized as an effective preventive strategy to reduce cancer mortality -- the second leading cause of death in the U.S. However, cancer screening requires a complex array of tasks such as seeking up-to-date guidelines, making appointments, planning hospital visits, and communicating with health…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Cancer, Screening Tests, Prevention
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O'Brennan, Lindsey; Suldo, Shannon; Shaunessy-Dedrick, Elizabeth; Dedrick, Robert; Parker, Janise; Lee, Jon; Ferron, John; Hanks, Camille – Grantee Submission, 2020
High school students in accelerated classes face heightened school-related stressors but have access to few specialized supports. This article describes the development and initial application of the Motivation, Assessment, and Planning (MAP) intervention, developed to meet the needs of freshmen in Advanced Placement (AP) and International…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Stress Management, Acceleration (Education), Intervention
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Brock, Matthew E.; Barczak, Mary A.; Dueker, Scott A. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Coaching with live observation and immediate performance feedback is an effective means to train paraprofessionals, but might not always be feasible. We used a multiple baseline across participants design with six paraprofessionals who taught elementary students with severe disabilities to test the efficacy of two innovations designed to improve…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Video Technology, Evidence Based Practice, Paraprofessional School Personnel
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Spencer, Trina D.; Moran, Meghan; Thompson, Marilyn S.; Petersen, Douglas B.; Restrepo, M. Adelaida – Grantee Submission, 2020
The purpose of this cluster randomized group study was to investigate the effect of multitiered, dual language instruction on children's oral language skills, including vocabulary, narrative retell, receptive and expressive language, and listening comprehension. Participants were 3-5 year old children (n = 81) who were learning English and whose…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Spanish Speaking, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Thomas, Leiah J. G.; Gerde, Hope K.; Piasta, Shayne B.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Bailet, Laura L.; Zettler-Greeley, Cynthia M. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Early writing is a foundational skill related to young children's literacy development and later reading and writing achievement. Examining children's early writing skills, particularly for those who have been identified as at-risk for later literacy difficulties, is critical to understanding potential differences in the early writing of these…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Emergent Literacy, Reading Difficulties, Screening Tests
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Schertz, Hannah H.; Lester, Jessica Nina; Erden, Emine; Safran, Selin; Githens, Penny – Grantee Submission, 2020
In this qualitative study, 11 mothers of toddlers with autism participated in interviews to investigate how they perceived their roles and their competency to support toddlers' social learning in the context of both professional-implemented and parent-mediated early intervention models. The authors conducted a thematic analysis with multiple…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mothers, Parent Attitudes
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Metcalfe, Janet; Huelser, Barbie J. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Many recent studies have shown that memory for correct answers is enhanced when an error is committed and then corrected, as compared to when the correct answer is provided without intervening error commission. The fact that the kind of errors that produced such a benefit, in past research, were those that were semantically related to the correct…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Memory, Learning Processes, Error Patterns
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Becker, Stephen P.; Burns, G. Leonard; Smith, Zoe R.; Langberg, Joshua M. – Grantee Submission, 2020
A growing number of studies support the internal and external validity of youth self-reported sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms. However, no study has examined SCT in adolescents without ADHD, examined whether adolescent self-reported SCT is distinct from adolescent self-reported ADHD inattention (ADHD-IN), or evaluated whether links between…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Conceptual Tempo, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Emotional Response
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Samudra, Preeti; Wong, Kevin M.; Neuman, Susan B. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Coviewing is a commonly recommended practice, but little is known about how coviewing impacts children's educational media viewing experience. We investigated how coviewing impacts attention and comprehension of educational media, as well as the role of baseline vocabulary in understanding these associations. Eighty-three preschoolers viewed two…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attention, Television Viewing, Educational Media
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Vollman, Elayne; Richland, Lindsey – Grantee Submission, 2020
We examine the contributions of the environmental context on cognitive development in a representative sample of children (24-59 month-olds) in Nicaragua. Multivariate regression models revealed that children who experienced high levels of structure in the home, encountered more social interaction, and were enrolled in early education programs,…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Toddlers, Preschool Children, Family Environment
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Sinharay, Sandip; van Rijn, Peter – Grantee Submission, 2020
Response-time models are of increasing interest in educational and psychological testing. This paper focuses on the lognormal model for response times (van der Linden, 2006), which is one of the most popular response-time models. Several existing statistics for testing normality and the fit of factor-analysis models are repurposed for testing the…
Descriptors: Educational Testing, Psychological Testing, Goodness of Fit, Factor Analysis
Furlong, Michael J.; Nylund-Gibson, K.; Dowdy, E.; Wagle, R.; Hinton, T.; Carter, D. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Our UC Santa Barbara research team engages in ongoing efforts to enhance and validate the Social Emotional Health Surveys (Primary, Secondary, and Higher Education). The initiative to enhance the secondary version is supported by an Institute of Education Sciences grant (#R305A160157, 2016-2020), which provides funding to refine, standardize, and…
Descriptors: Surveys, Psychometrics, Test Validity, Mental Health
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Bauer, Patricia J.; Esposito, Alena G.; Daly, James J. – Grantee Submission, 2020
Semantic knowledge accumulates through explicit means and productive processes (e.g., analogy). These means work in concert when information explicitly acquired in separate episodes is integrated, and the integrated representation is used to self-derive new knowledge. We tested whether (a) self-derivation through memory integration extends beyond…
Descriptors: Semantics, Memory, Retention (Psychology), Grade 2
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Smith, Zoe R.; Langberg, Joshua M.; Cusick, Caroline N.; Green, Cathrin D.; Becker, Stephen P. – Grantee Submission, 2020
The present study evaluates differences in self-reported intrinsic and extrinsic academic motivation and amotivation between eighth-grade adolescents with (n = 162) and without (n = 140) ADHD. This study also examines associations between motivation and academic functioning with objective (i.e., grade point average, standardized reading and math…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Rewards, Grade 8, Early Adolescents
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