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Powell, Sarah R.; Urrutia, Vanessa Y.; Berry, Katherine A.; Barnes, Marcia A. – Grantee Submission, 2022
In mathematics, the expectation to set up and solve word problems emerges as early as kindergarten; however, many students who experience mathematics difficulty (MD) and dual-language learners often present with specific challenges in this area. To investigate why these populations experience word-problem difficulty, we examined the word, problem…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Problems
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Morin, Kristi L.; Nowell, Sallie; Steinbrenner, Jessica; Sam, Ann; Waters, Victoria; Odom, Samuel L. – Grantee Submission, 2022
Paraprofessionals are critical members of instructional teams for students with autism; however, little is known about their job preparation and professional development needs. This study addressed the gap in the literature by surveying 325 paraprofessionals in public school settings in the United States and Guam who reported working with students…
Descriptors: Paraprofessional School Personnel, Students with Disabilities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Chan, Jenny Yun-Chen; Ottmar, Erin R.; Lee, Ji-Eun – Grantee Submission, 2022
We examined the influences of pre-solving pause time, algebraic knowledge, mathematics self-efficacy, and mathematics anxiety on middle-schoolers' strategy efficiency in an algebra learning game. We measured strategy efficiency using (a) the number of steps taken to complete a problem; (b) the proportion of problems completed on the initial…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Algebra, Self Efficacy, Mathematics Anxiety
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Odom, Samuel L.; Sam, Ann M.; Tomaszewski, Brianne; Cox, Ann W. – Grantee Submission, 2022
The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of educational programs for school-aged children with autism in the United States. Investigators completed the Autism Program Environment Quality Rating Systems-Preschool/Elementary (APERS) in 60 elementary schools enrolling children with autism. The mean total rating scores were near the…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Elementary School Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Zhang, Mo; Burstein, Jill – Grantee Submission, 2022
Background: This exploratory writing analytics study uses argumentative writing samples from two performance contexts--standardized writing assessments and university English course writing assignments--to compare: (1) linguistic features in argumentative writing; and (2) relationships between linguistic characteristics and academic performance…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Academic Language, Writing (Composition), Academic Achievement
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Grantee Submission, 2022
In this study, we examined burst length and its relation with working memory, attentional control, transcription skills, discourse oral language, and writing quality, using data from English-speaking children in Grade 2 (N = 177; M[subscript age] = 7.19). Results from structural equation modeling showed that burst length was related to writing…
Descriptors: Written Language, Short Term Memory, Attention Control, Writing Skills
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Wolbers, Kimberly; Dostal, Hannah; Graham, Steve; Branum-Martin, Lee; Holcomb, Leala – Grantee Submission, 2022
Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) involves teaching cognitive writing strategies and apprenticing novices within collaborative writing communities. It is responsive to deaf students' diverse language experiences through embedded metalinguistic/linguistic components. A randomized controlled trial of SIWI was conducted with 15…
Descriptors: Deafness, Students with Disabilities, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Allensworth, Elaine; Sarah, Cashdollar; Amy, Cassata – Grantee Submission, 2022
The Common Core State Standards in Mathematics and Next Generation Science Standards encourage substantial shifts in teaching, but how to enact change is not specified. This mixed-methods exploratory study shows how different implementation supports were related to teachers' use of standards-aligned instructional practices in the Chicago Public…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Mathematics Education, Science Education, Teaching Methods
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Leite, Walter L.; Roy, Samrat; Chakraborty, Nilanjana; Michailidis, George; Huggins-Manley, A. Corinne; D'Mello, Sidney K.; Faradonbeh, Mohamad Kazem Shirani; Jensen, Emily; Kuang, Huan; Jing, Zeyuan – Grantee Submission, 2022
This study presents a novel video recommendation system for an algebra virtual learning environment (VLE) that leverages ideas and methods from engagement measurement, item response theory, and reinforcement learning. Following Vygotsky's Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) theory, but considering low affect and high affect students separately, we…
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Video Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Program Effectiveness
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Burey, Joseph; Kim, Jasmine; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota – Grantee Submission, 2022
We sought to identify the extent to which an innovative educational technology called ELCII (Early Language Comprehension Individualized Instruction) improved inference making for various populations of kindergarten students. Analyses examined student performance based on individual-level demographic characteristics (i.e., gender, race/ethnicity,…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Reading Instruction, Individualized Instruction, Kindergarten
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Baker, Doris Luft; Park, Yonghan; Andress, Tim T. – Grantee Submission, 2022
This study examined the longitudinal prediction of decoding, oral reading fluency (ORF), and bilingual language proficiency (BLP) on student reading comprehension (RC) outcomes in Spanish and in English. Participants were first-grade Latinx students attending bilingual programs. Findings indicated that BLP initial status and gains were significant…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Spanish, Reading Fluency
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LaSota, Robin R.; Polanin, Joshua R.; Perna, Laura W. – Grantee Submission, 2022
The purpose of this study was to report on the effects of a comprehensive set of postsecondary grant aid programs on outcomes from initial college enrollment to post-college employment, based on a systematic review of the literature from January 2002 to January 2020. Studies that used randomized-controlled trials, regression discontinuity designs,…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Student Financial Aid, Grants, Outcomes of Education
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Odle, Taylor K.; Delaney, Jennifer A. – Grantee Submission, 2022
In 2015, Idaho adopted the nation's first direct admissions system and proactively admitted all high school graduates to a set of public institutions. This reimagination of the admissions process may reduce barriers to students' enrollment and improve access across geographic and socioeconomic contexts by removing many human capital,…
Descriptors: College Admission, High School Graduates, Enrollment, Barriers
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Schweig, Jonathan; Kuhfeld, Megan; Diliberti, Melissa Kay; McEachin, Andrew; Mariano, Louis T. – Grantee Submission, 2022
School officials regularly use school-aggregate test scores to monitor school performance and make policy decisions. After the U.S. Department of Education offered assessment waivers to all 50 states in 2019-2020, many educators and policymakers advocated for assessment programs to be restarted in the 2020-2021 school year to evaluate the state of…
Descriptors: School Demography, COVID-19, Pandemics, Test Use
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Wang, Jianjun – Grantee Submission, 2022
This report is developed with dual foci: (1) justifying attainment of the grant milestones in Year 2; and (2) supporting ongoing improvement of the program performance, to evaluate the second year operation of a five-year grant, "Promoting Excellence in Graduate Education and Increasing Hispanic STEM Related Degree Completion".…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Hispanic American Students, Graduate Students, Graduate Study
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