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Prendergast, Mark; Murphy, Colette; O'Neill, Arlene; Roche, Joseph – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Concerns are growing in many countries, including Ireland, regarding an inadequate number of graduates to meet workforce needs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. These graduate deficiencies are the result of low student uptake of STEM subjects and courses at post-primary and tertiary level education. Low uptake is…
Descriptors: Clubs, Foreign Countries, Student Interests, STEM Education
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Thibaut, Lieve; Ceuppens, Stijn; De Loof, Haydée; De Meester, Jolien; Goovaerts, Leen; Struyf, Annemie; Boeve-de Pauw, Jelle; Dehaene, Wim; Deprez, Johan; De Cock, Mieke; Hellinckx, Luc; Knipprath, Heidi; Langie, Greet; Struyven, Katrien; Van de Velde, Didier; Van Petegem, Peter; Depaepe, Fien – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
The shortage of graduates in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) has led to numerous attempts to increase students' interest in STEM. One emerging approach that has the potential to improve students' motivation for STEM is integrated STEM education. Nonetheless, the implementation of this new instructional strategy is not…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Secondary Education, Teaching Methods, Problem Based Learning
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Kopparla, Mahati; Capraro, Mary Margaret – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Although some students might struggle with problem posing, the positive effects on student learning and abilities may be far reaching for those who engage in this activity. Problem posing requires students to create their own problems rather than to solve problems posed by others. Problem posing is not regularly taught; however, reform proponent…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Activities
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Amponsah, Kwaku Darko; Kotoka, Jonas Kwadzo; Beccles, Christopher; Dlamini, Sipho Nhlanhla – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
This paper is part of a larger study that investigated the 'Effectiveness of collaboration on low and high achieving school students' comprehension of electrochemistry in South Africa'. The study occurred in the Ximhungwe circuit of the Bohlabela district in the Mpumalanga province of South Africa. The theoretical framework for this study was…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, High Achievement, Science Instruction, Chemistry
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van Driel, Sharisse; Slot, Esther; Bakker, Arthur – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Although learning scientific language is crucial for learning science, many primary school teachers lack the knowledge and skills to support this. The present case study reports on a primary school teacher who learned to use a repertoire of scaffolding strategies for stimulating pupils' scientific language development in inquiry-based science…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teaching Methods, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Case Studies
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van der Graaf, Joep; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
In the present study we investigated experimentation abilities of children with learning problems in early childhood education, i.e. kindergarten (4-6 years old). An essential part of science education is learning via the scientific method, of which experimentation is the central component. We studied experimentation abilities in 28 kindergartners…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Science Education, Scientific Methodology, Learning Problems
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Sumpter, Lovisa; Hedefalk, Maria – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
The aim of this paper is to study teachers' roles in preschool children's mathematical reasoning using analysis of epistemological moves. Three moves were identified: instructional moves, confirming move and a new move, concluding move. There were no generative moves encouraging the children to produce different arguments for choice of strategy or…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Preschool Children, Mathematical Logic, Foreign Countries
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Furner, Joseph M. – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Today it is critical to excite young people about mathematics in our high-tech STEM world we live in. Math teachers today need to embolden students to be confident in their ability to solve problems, to think and use their imaginations, to understand mathematical concepts, to be creative, and to see math as a human endeavor. The author feels that…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Childrens Literature
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Sheehan, Kelly Jean; Hightower, Brianna; Lauricella, Alexis R.; Wartella, Ellen – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Children's learning of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) is important for their achievement in related fields. Before formal schooling, families can expose children to STEM by sharing knowledge and influencing children's use of learning tools, including media. We investigated whether parent attitudes towards STEM media and…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Preschool Children, Mathematics Skills, Science Process Skills
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Tank, Kristina M.; Rynearson, Anastasia M.; Moore, Tamara J. – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Quality science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) experiences during the early years provide young learners with a critical foundation for future learning and development. Engineering design is a context that can be used to facilitate connections and learning across STEM, however there is limited research examining the use of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Engineering Education
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Stylianidou, Fani; Glauert, Esme; Rossis, Dimitris; Compton, Ashley; Cremin, Teresa; Craft, Anna; Havu-Nuutinen, Sari – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
"Creative Little Scientists" was a 30-month (2011-2014) EU/FP7-funded research project focusing on the synergies between early years science and mathematics education and the development of children's creativity, in response to increasing interest in these areas in European educational policy. Using a variety of methods, including desk…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Creativity, STEM Education, Scientists
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DeJarnette, Nancy K. – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math) education has received growing attention over the past decade, primarily within the middle and high school levels. This article focuses on the need for STEAM education at the early childhood level. Preschool children have a natural disposition toward science with their sense of curiosity and…
Descriptors: Curriculum Implementation, STEM Education, Art Education, Preschool Children
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Bers, Marina Umaschi – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
In recent years, there has been an increased effort to introduce coding and computational thinking in early childhood education. In accordance with the international trend, programming has become an increasingly growing focus in European education. With over 9.5 million iPhone Operating System (iOS) downloads, ScratchJr is the most popular freely…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Early Childhood Education, Programming, Telecommunications
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John, Melissa-Sue; Sibuma, Bernadette; Wunnava, Susmitha; Anggoro, Florencia; Dubosarsky, Mia – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
This paper describes an iterative participatory curriculum design approach to developing a problem-based STEM curriculum for preschool children. The curriculum aims to teach young children problem-solving using an adapted version of the engineering design process (EDP). Despite evidence showing that a rigorous, integrated STEM curriculum promotes…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Problem Based Learning, STEM Education, Curriculum Development
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Malone, Kathy L.; Tiarani, Vinta; Irving, Karen E.; Kajfez, Rachel; Lin, Hochieh; Giasi, Trudy; Edmiston, Brian W. – European Journal of STEM Education, 2018
This mixed methods study is one of the first to evaluate the effects of the incorporation of dramatic inquiry, dance, visual arts and physical education into preK-3 science, technology, engineering and mathematics units on student conceptual understanding of technology and engineering. The study used data collected from over 200 student surveys…
Descriptors: Engineering Education, Drama, Dance, Visual Arts
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