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ERIC Number: ED634883
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2022-Nov
Pages: 38
Abstractor: ERIC
Improving Mathematics in Key Stages 2 and 3. Guidance Report
Henderson, Peter; Hodgen, Jeremy; Foster, Colin; Kuchemann, Dietmar
Education Endowment Foundation
This guidance report focuses on improving the quality of teaching of mathematics to pupils in Key Stages 2 and 3. The decision to focus on these Key Stages was made after an initial consultation period with teachers, academics, and other stakeholders. Schools are seeking advice on adjusting to a new curriculum, and there is also concern about pupils making a transition between the stages. This report is not intended to provide a comprehensive guide to mathematics teaching, but rather is an accessible overview of existing research with clear, actionable guidance. Recommendations based on research findings that schools can use to make a significant difference to pupils' learning, and those based on the questions that appear to be most salient to practitioners, are provided. Those recommendations include: (1) Use assessment to build upon pupils' existing knowledge and understanding; (2) Use manipulatives and representations; (3) Teach strategies for solving problems; (4) Enable pupils to develop a rich network of mathematical knowledge; (5) Develop pupils' independence and motivation; (6) Use tasks and resources to challenge and support pupils' mathematics; (7) Use structured interventions to provide additional support; and (8) Support pupils to make a successful transition between primary and secondary school.
Education Endowment Foundation. 9th Floor Millbank Tower, Millbank, London, SW1P 4QP, UK. Tel: +44-207-802-1676; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) (United Kingdom)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A