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ERIC Number: ED627825
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2022-Nov
Pages: 123
Abstractor: As Provided
Impact of COVID-19-Related School Closures in Key Stage 1 on Attainment and Social Skills of Pupils in Year 2 and Year 3 in Academic Year 2021/2022
Wheater, Rebecca; Rose, Susan; Ager, Robert; Liht, Jose; Styles, Ben; Twist, Liz
Education Endowment Foundation
This is a longitudinal study that follows the youngest school-age children affected by the COVID-19 pandemic over time to understand the long-term impact of the partial school closure on pupils' attainment (reading and maths) and social skills, and on the gap between the attainment of disadvantaged and non-disadvantaged children. The research, conducted by the National Foundation for Education Research (NFER), builds on findings from a previous study (Rose et al. 2021) and tracks the same pupils who were in KS1 (Y1 & Y2) during the first partial school closure, for a two further years, once in 2021/22 when they were in Year 2 and Year 3 and will again in 2022/23 when they are in Year 3 and Year 4. This report covers the results from the first year of the two-year follow up. Attainment outcomes of pupils in Year 2 and Year 3 in spring 2022, measured by NFER assessments of reading and mathematics, are compared with attainment outcomes for a representative sample of pupils assessed in 2019 and 2017 for Year 2 and Year 3, respectively--before the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the study utilises a repeated measures design such that the reading and mathematics outcomes from pupils in Year 2 and 3 were compared with their outcomes from the previous academic year, when the same pupils were assessed as part of the previous study whilst in Year 1 and Year 2 (Rose et al. 2021). In addition to measuring reading and mathematics attainment, the study also included a teacher measure of pupils' social skills for a sub-sample of twelve pupils within each year group in each school. Contextual information about school practices and any catch-up activities being undertaken with the pupils was also collected though a survey completed by 67 headteachers. [For the previous study, "Impact of School Closures and Subsequent Support Strategies on Attainment and Socio-Emotional Wellbeing in Key Stage 1. Research Report," see ED620409.]
Education Endowment Foundation. 9th Floor Millbank Tower, Millbank, London, SW1P 4QP, UK. Tel: +44-207-802-1676; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) (United Kingdom); National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) (United Kingdom)
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A