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ERIC Number: ED620377
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2021-Sep
Pages: 161
Abstractor: ERIC
Speech Bubbles. Evaluation Report
Bohling, Kimberly; Tankelevitch, Lev; Vinnitchok, Andriana; Barnard, Matthew; Anders, Jake; Shure, Nikki; Wyse, Dominic
Education Endowment Foundation
The Speech Bubbles (SB) intervention is a Key Stage 1 (KS1) drama and storytelling intervention aimed at supporting children's communication skills, confidence and wellbeing. The intervention was targeted at pupils aged 5-7 in KS1 (Year 1 or Year 2) in primary schools in England, who had been identified by their teachers as having difficulties with, or lacking confidence in, communicating, or having poor attention and listening skills. This impact evaluation consisted of an individually randomised controlled trial (RCT). Year 1 and Year 2 pupils with poor communication skills (as identified by teachers using SB referral guidance) were randomly allocated to either receive the SB programme (treatment arm), or continue with their curriculum as normal (control arm). Pupils in the two arms were compared on reading attainment and oral communication as two primary outcomes, and on social skills and creative self-efficacy as two secondary outcomes. Assuming successful randomisation, an RCT is the least biased method to estimate intervention effects and make causal inferences. In the implementation and process evaluation (IPE), multiple sources of data were collected and triangulated from six case study schools to answer the research questions. This consisted of semi-structured interviews with four staff members at each case study school, unstructured interviews with participating children, an observation of an SB lesson, a survey for teaching assistants (TAs), review of intervention manuals and guidance, and collection of administrative data. [This report was produced with the Behavioural Insights Team of the University College London (UCL) (United Kingdom), Institute of Education (IOE). The Royal Society of Arts (RSA) contributed to funding for this evaluation.]
Education Endowment Foundation. 9th Floor Millbank Tower, Millbank, London, SW1P 4QP, UK. Tel: +44-207-802-1676; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) (United Kingdom); University College London (UCL) (United Kingdom), Institute of Education (IOE)
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A