ERIC Number: EJ1180297
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
What Matters in College Student Success? Determinants of College Retention and Graduation Rates
Millea, Meghan; Wills, R.; Elder, A.; Molina, D.
Education, v138 n4 p309-322 Sum 2018
Increasingly, student success in college is gauged by retention and graduation rates. Understanding the factors that influence student success can assist practitioners in terms of programming and institutional investments. This study evaluated factors such as residential living, attendance programs, demographic attributes, average class size, and student academic preparation by employing longitudinal, student-level data at one midsized university in the southeastern United States from 1998 to 2004. Individual student information was analyzed, including average class size and student performance in general education courses. Probit regression models indicated that retention and graduation rates were higher for students who were academically prepared, received grants or scholarships, and were in smaller classes. These rates were not influenced by sex, race, absenteeism, or living in residence halls. This work suggests that universities could improve graduation and retention rates by investing in scholarships, smaller class sizes, and financial aid infrastructure.
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, College Students, Student Records, Success, Graduation Rate, College Freshmen, Student Characteristics, Barriers, High School Students, Grade Point Average, College Entrance Examinations, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Place of Residence, Student Financial Aid, Scholarships, Student Loan Programs, Attendance Patterns, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment