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Erica Frankenberg; Genevieve Siegel-Hawley – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
In the largest U.S. metropolitan areas, suburban school districts enroll 14.4 million students, far more than the 6 million students enrolled in the same metros' urban districts. In fact, students enrolled in the suburban school districts surrounding the 25 largest metropolitan areas represent roughly 30% of the nation's entire public school…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Suburban Schools, Civil Rights, Public Schools
Susan Bickerstaff; Tatiana Melguizo – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
Efforts to strengthen the pipeline to college degree completion have focused on improving college access and providing academic, social, and financial supports to students post-enrollment. This paper explores one facet of postsecondary education that has served as a barrier to both college access and success--developmental education--which has…
Descriptors: Developmental Studies Programs, Educational Change, Civil Rights, Educational Trends
Ramon Flores; Daniel J. Losen – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
Many educators in California are unaware of just how harmful out of school suspensions can be. When suspended students are barred from attending school, more often than not, the rule broken was some form of minor misconduct. This update of "Lost Instruction Time in California Schools" demonstrates that despite the important efforts by…
Descriptors: School Administration, Discipline, Homeless People, Youth
Ryan Pfleger; Gary Orfield – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
This report analyzes changing racial composition in a comparable subset of schools to enable policy-relevant comparisons between charter and magnet schools. It reports the levels of segregation and diversity in these two systems, which is important because of strong evidence that diverse schools produce educational gains and substantial lifelong…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Magnet Schools, Charter Schools, Student Diversity
Gary Orfield; Ryan Pfleger – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
"Brown v. Board of Education" held that the educational systems of seventeen states that mandated segregated schools violated the Constitutional guarantee of equal protection. The decision helped set off the civil rights revolution. However, after so many years of backlash, schools of the South are dramatically less segregated than what…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Civil Rights, Educational Change
Jennifer B. Ayscue; Victor Cadilla; Mary Kathryn Oyaga; Cassandra Rubinstein – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
May 17, 2024 marks the 70th anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark Supreme Court decision that ruled segregated schools were "inherently unequal." At the time, North Carolina was one of 17 states that enforced de jure segregation, that is, segregation by law. The state of North Carolina and the school districts within…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Diversity, School Segregation, School Desegregation
Ryan Pfleger; Gary Orfield – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
Among the many inequalities associated with racial segregation in schools, one notable disparity is the unequal access to experienced teachers. Schools with high proportions of Black or Latinx students have a disproportionate share of inexperienced teachers, both throughout the nation and in California specifically (Clotfelter, Ladd, &…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, Experienced Teachers, Equal Education, African American Students
Kai Mathews; Hui Huang; Erika Yagi; Cathy Balfe; Christopher Mauerman; Earl J. Edwards – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2024
The diversity of California's teaching force continues to lag behind its student population. While students of Color make up 78% of the state's K-12 population, Teachers of Color and Indigenous Teachers (TOCIT) comprise just 34% of the teaching workforce (California Department of Education, 2018), a statistic that has dominated the teacher…
Descriptors: Barriers, Diversity (Faculty), Minority Group Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education
Leslie, Gregory; Masuoka, Natalie – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
This report catalogues the growth of the modern mixed-race population in the United States and highlights the many complications this population presents for the future of civil rights law and policy. What is most distinctive of today's mixed-race individuals is their assertion of a mixed-race identity which they claim embodies a different…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Racial Discrimination, Public Policy, Diversity
Leslie, Gregory; Masuoka, Natalie – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
This report catalogues the growth of the modern mixed-race population in the United States and highlights the many complications this population presents for the future of civil rights law and policy. What is most distinctive of today's mixed-race individuals is their assertion of a mixed-race identity which they claim embodies a different…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Civil Rights, Public Policy, Multiracial Persons
Zwick, Rebecca – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
Colleges and universities have become increasingly concerned that requiring standardized test scores for admission is an impediment to campus diversity, and these objections have grown with the recent focus on societal inequities. In addition, the pandemic led to the cancellation of test administrations, which, in turn, caused many institutions to…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, College Entrance Examinations, College Admission, Intelligence Tests
Porter, Lorna; Vazquez Cano, Manuel; Umansky, Ilana – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
The call for more expansive access to bilingual education is grounded in a comprehensive synthesis of evidence on the benefits of bilingual education, bilingualism, and biliteracy for students and the larger social fabric. Many studies find that access to bilingual education programs has a medium to large positive impact on students' academic…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, English Language Learners, Bilingualism, English (Second Language)
Porter, Lorna; Vazquez Cano, Manuel; Umansky, Ilana – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
The call for more expansive access to bilingual education is grounded in a comprehensive synthesis of evidence on the benefits of bilingual education, bilingualism, and biliteracy for students and the larger social fabric. Many studies find that access to bilingual education programs has a medium to large positive impact on students' academic…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, English Language Learners, Bilingualism, English (Second Language)
Rios-Aguilar, Cecilia; Cuéllar, Marcela G.; Bañuelos, Nidia; Lyke, Austin; Vo, Davis – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
The bachelor's degree remains a fundamental path to economic opportunity in the United States. Critical for policymakers, then, is ensuring equitable access to such benefits--a task often constrained by long-standing structural barriers. One of the most obvious structural impediments for bachelor's degree-aspirants in California (CA) is the…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Bachelors Degrees, Equal Education, Racial Discrimination
Patricia Gándara; Lucrecia Santibañez; Jongyeon Ee; Julieta Rico – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2023
Children of undocumented immigrants exist in permanent limbo. They are fearful every day that their parents will be deported and wondering if they have any future in the country. Many of these students identify as Latinx. Instead of focusing on their education, these students struggle with this uncertainty and as a result are often absent from…
Descriptors: Immigration, Law Enforcement, Equal Education, At Risk Students
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