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Losen, Danel J.; Martinez, Paul – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This research provides a unique seven-year trend analysis indicating that, while California has seen a decline in the use of suspensions in schools prior to the pandemic, the pace of the decline has slowed and large racial disparities in suspension rates remain. The research supports renewed advocacy efforts to eliminate schools' use of security…
Descriptors: Discipline, Security Personnel, Suspension, Disproportionate Representation
Losen, Daniel J.; Martinez, Paul – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This is the executive summary for the report, "Is California Doing Enough to Close the School Discipline Gap?" In California, a combination of statewide and local efforts has been implemented to reduce the use of punitive suspensions in public K-12 schools. Current state data trends reflect these efforts, showing that far fewer students…
Descriptors: Discipline, Security Personnel, Suspension, Disproportionate Representation
Losen, Daniel J.; Martinez, Paul – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This national study provides a comprehensive analysis of the instructions days lost due to out-of-school suspensions in 2015-16 for middle and high school students, for every state and district. The study also demonstrates how the frequent use of suspension contributes to stark inequities in the opportunity to learn, especially for those groups…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Suspension, Discipline Policy, Race
Orfield, Gary; Jarvie, Danielle – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
The brief first presents new facts on the extraordinary segregation of Black and Latino students in the state's public schools. Second, it shows that those groups are doubly segregated by race and poverty at the most educationally unsuccessful schools. These children are, on average, from families with far lower income and wealth and with parents…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Equal Education, Affirmative Action, African American Students
Mickey-Pabello, David – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
In November of 1996, California voted and approved Proposition 209 (also known as the California Civil Rights Initiative) by a tally of 54.55% to 45.45%. It is unknown how many of those voters voted for the initiative because the name implied that it was pro-civil rights. Nonetheless, California became the first state to ban the practice of…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, State Legislation, Educational Policy, Diversity
Orfield, Gary; Jarvie, Danielle – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This report shows that the segregation of Black students has increased in almost every region of the nation, and that Black students in many of nation's largest school districts have little access to or interaction with White, Asian or middle-class students. The report documents substantial Black enrollment in suburban schools, but high levels of…
Descriptors: School Resegregation, Racial Segregation, Enrollment Trends, Educational Trends
Kidder, William C. – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2020
This policy brief synthesizes research on enrollment, graduation and career success for traditionally underrepresented students, the benefits of diverse learning environments including campus racial climate, and the need to increase diversity in UC professional and graduate schools to better serve the health and wellbeing of all Californians. This…
Descriptors: State Legislation, State Policy, Educational Policy, College Students
Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2019
During the 2013-14 school year, more than 600 students were struck in public schools each day in the United States. It's a practice that is still allowed in thousands of public schools even though it's generally prohibited in daycare centers, foster care systems and a host of other settings for children. While corporal punishment is illegal in a…
Descriptors: Punishment, Public Schools, Geographic Regions, Legal Responsibility
Mordechay, Kfir; Ayscue, Jennifer B. – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2019
In gentrifying areas of New York City, this research finds that a small but growing segment of middle-class, mostly White families are choosing to enroll their children in their neighborhood public elementary schools, thus increasing the diversity in those schools. Because residential and school segregation across the nation have traditionally had…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Neighborhoods, Evidence, Middle Class
Frankenberg, Erica; Ee, Jongyeon; Ayscue, Jennifer B.; Orfield, Gary – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2019
The publication of this report marks the 65th anniversary of "Brown v. Board of Education," the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case declaring racial segregation in public schools unconstitutional. In the immediate years after the "Brown" ruling, the effort to integrate schools faced many difficult challenges and progress was…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, School Segregation, Civil Rights
Hillman, Nicholas – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2019
Since both colleges and students have very different resources and starting points, good policy should strengthen the ability of campuses and students to succeed and not punish them for taking important chances despite limited resources and greater challenges. Policymakers are interested in using student loan repayment rates as an accountability…
Descriptors: Accountability, Racial Bias, Racial Differences, Loan Repayment
Ayscue, Jenn; Nelson, Amy Hawn; Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Giersch, Jason; Bottia, Martha Cecilia – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2018
Expanding school choice through charter schools is among the top education priorities of the current federal administration as well as many state legislatures. Amid this push to expand the charter sector, it is essential to understand how charter schools affect students who attend them, as well as the ways charter schools impact traditional public…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Resegregation, School Choice, Public Schools
Ee, Jongyeon; Orfield, Gary; Teitell, Jennifer – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2018
Private schools have a long and important tradition in U.S. education and have been the focus of a great deal of political controversy in recent years. There is deep division among Americans over the desirability of using public funds to finance vouchers for private education--an issue that has become the leading educational goal of the Trump…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Private Education, Student Diversity, Racial Composition
Santibañez, Lucrecia; Gándara, Patricia – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2018
Across the nation, nearly all teachers can expect to have EL students in their classrooms. The challenges of teaching ELs students are particularly acute in the nation's secondary schools. There is evidence to suggest that the lack of preparation to teach ELs is generally weak, but even more so for secondary teachers. We analyze data from a survey…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Secondary School Teachers, Teacher Education, Educational Resources
Garces, Liliana M.; Poon, OiYan – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2018
Over the last few years, even as the U.S. Supreme Court was considering the constitutionality of race-conscious policies in postsecondary admissions in "Fisher v. University of Texas" (2016), a new wave of attacks in the conservative agenda to dismantle affirmative action (as the policy is more commonly called) emerged. First, in 2014…
Descriptors: Asian American Students, College Admission, Educational Policy, Race
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