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Durham, Rachel E.; Bettencourt, Amie; Connolly, Faith – Baltimore Education Research Consortium, 2014
Despite--or perhaps due to--the lack of consensus on its definition, there is abundant interest in and research on school climate. Researchers have determined that improving school climate is one way to increase academic achievement, school safety, school completion, teacher retention, healthy social interactions, and student well-being (Cohen,…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Urban Schools, Educational Indicators, School Effectiveness
Smith, Tami Kopischke; Connolly, Faith; Pryseski, Charlene – Baltimore Education Research Consortium, 2014
The term "school climate" has been around for more than a hundred years to explore the idea of school environmental or contextual factors that might have an impact on student learning and academic success. During the past three decades there has been growing research to support the importance of a positive school climate in promoting…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, School Culture, Principals, Teacher Role
Baltimore Education Research Consortium, 2012
This brief presents findings from 347 observations conducted in 23 second and third grade classrooms over two years to paint a picture of the in-school experiences of students who had been first graders in eighth Baltimore City Public Schools in 2007-08. Using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS), an observation instrument and protocol…
Descriptors: Accountability, Scoring, Educational Change, Classrooms
Plank, Stephen B.; Condliffe, Barbara – Baltimore Education Research Consortium, 2011
This report presents findings from two years of classroom observation designed to help understand the in-school experiences of students who had been first graders in eight Baltimore public schools in 2007-08. During the 2008-09 and 2009-10 school years, the authors conducted fieldwork to understand learning opportunities and settings for a set of…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Academic Support Services, Evidence, Scoring