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Barbosa-Pereira, Drielle; Martins, Pedro S. R.; Ferreira-Junior, Luiz Alves; da Costa, Marina Freitas Alves; Paixão, Janaína Paula Chaves; Costa, Renato Ramalho; Saldanha-Silva, Renata; Mansur-Alves, Marcela – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Working memory training (WMT) for children has received great attention in recent scientific investigations. However, evidence on program efficacy is still sparse. This study aimed to investigate the effect of a WMT software program ("Programa de Ativação da Memória de Trabalho" [PRAMEMT]) in promoting gains on cognitive and school…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Training, Intelligence Quotient, Academic Achievement
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Gibbons, Jeffrey A.; Dunlap, Spencer; Friedmann, Emma; Dayton, Clare; Rocha, Gabriela – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Unpleasant affect fades faster than pleasant affect, and this phenomenon is referred to as the fading affect bias (FAB). The FAB is moderated and mediated by many variables, including rehearsal and memory specificity, and researchers have emphasized the importance of memory for the FAB, but research has not evaluated the link of the FAB to…
Descriptors: Bias, Memory, Social Media, Diaries
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Danby, Meaghan C.; Sharman, Stefanie J.; Claringbold, Grace – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Witnesses reporting repeated crimes--like family violence--must report detailed information about individual incidents. Previously, recalling generic information about a repeated event before individual episodes has helped children report more information overall. The current study examined whether adults would also benefit from recalling generic…
Descriptors: Adults, Recall (Psychology), Crime, Reports
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Hui, Luotong; Bruin, Anique B. H.; Donkers, Jeroen; Merriënboer, Jeroen J. G. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Although retrieval practice is a more effective learning strategy than restudy, students oftentimes prefer the latter. Previous studies have investigated this suboptimal decision at strategy level. The present study, however, focused on the learning task level: How perceived mental effort and perceived learning during task performance influence…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Ability, Task Analysis
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Nicoladis, Elena; Svob, Connie; Smithson, Lisa – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
In experimental tasks, preschool children sometimes mistakenly attribute memories to themselves rather than external sources, with decreasing source errors between 4- and 5-years of age. In this research, we tested whether these developmental changes are also observed in spontaneously generated memories of personal life events. 4- and 5-year olds…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Memory, Attribution Theory, Experience
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Davis, Hannah; Attard-Johnson, Janice – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
During the COVID-19 pandemic, wearing facemasks was mandatory in the United Kingdom except for individuals with medical exemptions. Facemasks cover the full lower half of the face; however, the effect of facemasks on age perception is not yet known. The present study examined whether age estimation accuracy of unfamiliar young adult women is…
Descriptors: Clothing, Age, Young Adults, Females
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Zhang, Yikang; Otgaar, Henry; Wang, Jianqin – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Research on memory distrust and nonbelieved memory (NBM) both stress the importance of belief in memory but no previous research has brought these fields together. In the present study, we examined how trait memory distrust is associated with false memory and NBM, self-esteem as well as personality traits. Through two studies (N[subscript…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Memory, Self Esteem, Beliefs
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Vaughn, Kalif E.; Fitzgerald, Grant; Hood, Dasia; Migneault, Karlee; Krummen, Kelly – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Recent work has shown that retrieval hints can make test trials more enjoyable without sacrificing learning. We investigated the extent to which this effect was moderated by hint strength. Both experiments utilized a within-participants design. In Experiment 1 (n = 41), participants studied skeletal charts highlighting a bone region. After study,…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Anatomy, Human Body, Science Instruction
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Wang, Li; Cao, Chen; Zhou, Xinlin; Qi, Chunxia – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Open math problem solving is critical to help students deepen the understanding and promote transfer of mathematics knowledge. However, the cognitive mechanism for open math problem solving, particularly the role of spatial abilities, has not been paid enough attention. This study recruited 192 junior middle school students (14.30 ± 0.48 years…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Problem Solving, Transfer of Training
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Zuo, Genmei; Lin, Lijia – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
The purpose of the experiment was to investigate whether using the summarizing strategy can further engage learners in a computer-based environment where different forms of finger tracing were incorporated. One hundred and fifty-six university students were randomly assigned to one of six conditions formed by a 3 (hand tracing vs. observing…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Simulated Environment, Teaching Methods, College Students
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Smith, Hannah; Closser, Avery H.; Ottmar, Erin; Chan, Jenny Yun-Chen – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Worked examples are effective learning tools for algebraic equation solving. However, they are typically presented in a static concise format, which only displays the major derivation steps in one static image. The current work explores how worked examples that vary in their extensiveness (i.e., detail) and degree of dynamic presentation (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Equations (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Dugan, Jessica A.; Bauer, Patricia J. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Self-derivation of new factual knowledge is crucial for building a knowledge base. In three experiments, we investigated self-derivation about prescription medications. In Experiment 1, adults self-derived new knowledge across textual materials on 40% of trials. Participants in Experiment 2 performed similarly (42%), even when half the information…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Adults, Drug Therapy, Teaching Methods
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Wang, Zhe; Schroeder, Noah L. – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Multimedia learning often consists of a sequence of tasks, and research suggests that the sequence itself may influence learning outcomes. This study examines one theory related to task sequencing, known as ego depletion, and its interaction with a well-established instructional design effect, the seductive details effect. To investigate the…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Comparative Analysis, Interaction, Learning Processes
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Gliksman, Yarden; Berebbi, Shir; Hershman, Ronen; Henik, Avishai – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
Math fluency (MF) is the ability to quickly and accurately solve simple math exercises. Proficiency in MF is one of the buildings of arithmetic achievement during school. However, so far only paper and pencil tests have been used to assess MF. In the current study, we present the BGU-MF (Ben-Gurion University Math Fluency) test, a new computerized…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Tests, Computer Assisted Testing
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García-Arch, Josue; Ballestero-Arnau, Marc; Pérez Hoyas, Lorena; Giaiotti, Francesca – Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2022
The spread of pseudoscience (PS) is a worrying problem worldwide. The study of pseudoscience beliefs and their associated predictors have been conducted in the context of isolated pseudoscience topics (e.g., complementary and alternative medicine). Here, we combined individual differences (IIDD) measures (e.g., personality traits, thinking styles)…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Information Sources, Personality Traits, Cognitive Style
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