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Bishop, Mason M. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Several economic factors influence the availability of job openings and labor supply, including technological change and access to quality educational resources. One of the most important factors explaining the current disparity between available jobs and labor supply, however, has been the "skills gap," or the difference between the…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Noncredit Courses, Community Colleges, Job Training
Klor de Alva, Jorge – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Most of the nation's bachelor's students attend what are often called "comprehensive universities," public institutions that primarily enroll students who live near the school and educate their students chiefly for jobs in the local economy. Relatively little research focuses on these institutions as a group, and therefore not much is…
Descriptors: Social Mobility, Undergraduate Students, Public Colleges, Low Income Students
Giana, Matt S. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Vocational education was once synonymous with tracking--the systematic funneling of low-income, underrepresented minority, limited English proficient, and low-achieving students into technical pathways with limited educational and economic benefit. But more recent research has found that students who concentrate in career and technical education…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Student Characteristics, High School Graduates, Academic Achievement
Malkus, Nat – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Career and technical education (CTE) is one of the most popular education policy issues today, both across the states and at the federal level. CTE's surging popularity has been bolstered by good public relations and research that push back on the stigma long associated with CTE. After a successful rebranding, CTE has substantially shed the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Development, Educational History, Educational Trends
Xu, Di; Xu, Ying – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
While the supply and demand for online higher education is rapidly expanding, questions remain regarding its potential impact on increasing access, reducing costs, and improving student outcomes. Does online education enhance access to higher education among students who would not otherwise enroll in college? Can online courses create savings for…
Descriptors: Distance Education, Online Courses, Higher Education, Access to Education
Delisle, Jason D.; Christensen, Cody – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
There is widespread concern in the policy community that colleges and universities are increasingly shifting their financial aid budgets to favor students from high-income families. Observers often argue that institutions of higher education are offering more merit aid to the most affluent students, leaving less aid for their low-income peers. To…
Descriptors: Merit Scholarships, Advantaged, Tuition, Expenditure per Student
Columbus, Rooney – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Nondegree credentialing and training has existed for many years. Reasons for pursuing nondegree education vary, from wanting to pick up in-demand skills, meet a job requirement, or get a pay raise to exploring a new occupational area or engaging in lifelong learning. Having a nondegree credential is not unusual, either; one 2014 analysis by the US…
Descriptors: Credentials, Work Experience Programs, Working Class, Adult Education
Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Hess, Frederick M. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
This report offers seven suggestions for social and emotional learning (SEL) advocates and funders as they seek to deliver on SEL's promise and avoid its pitfalls. The case for SEL must not become an excuse to diminish attention to academic skills and knowledge or serve to deflect educators from the centrality of academic instruction. SEL will be…
Descriptors: Emotional Development, Social Development, Academic Achievement, Values Education
McShane, Michael Q. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
In recent years, advocates have begun promoting explicit social and emotional learning (SEL) instruction in schools. This means formally promoting skills such as self-awareness, self-discipline, social awareness, relationship skills, and responsible decision-making. SEL has received glowing support from both education reformers and traditional…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Common Core State Standards, Advocacy
Cummings, Amy; Hess, Frederick M. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
The 21st Century Charter School at Gary (21C), a K-12 charter school and is the flagship campus of the Greater Educational Opportunities (GEO) Foundation. GEO is a small charter management organization, founded in 1998 by Kevin Teasley, which today operates five schools in Gary, Indiana, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana. GEO focuses on increasing high…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, College Readiness, High School Graduates, High School Students
Greene, Jay P.; Hess, Frederick M. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
This new analysis, which examines the political campaign contributions from those most active in education reform, finds that the movement is populated by individuals who support Democratic candidates for public office. The bottom line: The leading participants in the school-reform "wars" are mostly engaged in an intramural brawl, one…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Political Attitudes, Politics of Education, Activism
Schaberg, Kelsey – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Skills have long been associated with productivity and economic well-being. A large body of evidence shows the value of academic and technical skills in the workplace. And in recent years, soft skills--skills that make for an effective employee, such as time management and communication--have also become increasingly valued in the workplace.…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Job Skills, Employment Programs, Job Training
Nussle, Karen – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) began to take form when dozens of educators from across the country were led by governors and chief state school officers in gathering and reviewing the academic standards of states that had the best outcomes. Their goal was to determine what the current best academic standards were in the country and then…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Social Development, Emotional Development, Educational Legislation
Carlson, Deven – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
Throughout much of the past quarter century, standards, testing, and accountability have composed the North Star of education reform. But over that time, the string of reform initiatives that failed to live up to their initial promise has effectively extinguished that guiding light. Now focus has turned to social and emotional learning (SEL). In a…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Social Development, Emotional Development
Erickson, Lanae; Hess, Frederick M. – American Enterprise Institute, 2019
As Congress considers the reauthorization of the Higher Education Act (HEA), there is bipartisan interest in finding ways to address concerns about student debt and the quality of higher education. One possibility for bipartisan cooperation might be an attempt to provide more accountability in the higher education sector, including additional data…
Descriptors: Accountability, Higher Education, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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