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Cheung, Nicole W. T. – Youth & Society, 2020
Although gender has become a key dimension in migration research, previous scholarship has largely focused on adult rather than child migrants. Even less attention has been paid to the role of gender in migration-related child health. By comparing rural migrant and urban-born adolescents in the largest city in south China, this study assessed…
Descriptors: Child Health, Gender Differences, Role, Rural Areas
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Zaff, Jonathan F.; Malone, Thomas – Youth & Society, 2020
The U.S. high school dropout rate continues to decline. Possible reasons for this decline include stronger academic standards, persistent state and district actions, and implementation of programs to help disconnected youth reconnect to educational opportunities. In the current study, we propose a complementary hypothesis for rate improvements:…
Descriptors: Adults, Dropout Rate, High School Students, Youth
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Theron, Linda – Youth & Society, 2020
This aim of this article is to account for the resilience of adolescents who are challenged by structural disadvantage and to highlight that how adolescent resilience is accounted for depends on whether adolescent or adult views are foregrounded. To do so, I report a South African phenomenological study. I draw on a thematic content analysis of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Resilience (Psychology), Adolescents, Student Characteristics
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Sarouphim, Ketty M.; Issa, Nagham – Youth & Society, 2020
This study examined Marcia's identity paradigm among Lebanese adolescents in relation to gender and academic achievement. Participants were 429 students in Grades 7 to 11, aged 12 to 17 years. The Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ) was used to classify participants into the four identity statuses: Achievement, Moratorium, Foreclosure, and…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Foreign Countries
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Barboza, Gia Elise – Youth & Society, 2020
Previous methodological approaches have not been flexible enough to model the heterogeneity of depressive symptoms or to identify variations between prototypical trajectories conditional on risk and protective factors. The current study examined latent class trajectories of depressive symptoms using data from 3,819 respondents of the Adolescent…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Delinquency, Predictor Variables, Depression (Psychology)
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Augustyn, Megan Bears; Jackson, Dylan B. – Youth & Society, 2020
Research suggests a link between precocious transitions to adulthood (e.g., high school dropout) and maladaptation, and this association is typically assumed to be uniform. We propose that this monolithic portrayal of precocious transitions as problematic for adult functioning is unwarranted, particularly across identities defined by gender,…
Descriptors: Correlation, Antisocial Behavior, Race, Ethnicity
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Van Houtte, Mieke; Vantieghem, Wendelien – Youth & Society, 2020
This study examines whether the gender difference in sense of academic futility is related to the proportion of girls attending a school. We argue that the more progressive gender role culture in schools with a higher proportion of girls might influence especially boys' sense of futility. Multilevel analyses of data gathered in 2014 from 5,162…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Cultural Influences, Psychological Patterns
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Miranda, Daniel; Castillo, Juan Carlos; Sandoval-Hernandez, Andrés – Youth & Society, 2020
A growing body of literature from different disciplines addresses concepts and measurement of citizenship. The present article seeks to contribute to this field by examining the issue of youth citizenship from a comparative international perspective and proposing a simplified conceptual model that can be operationalized. This model includes a…
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Models, Youth, Community Organizations
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Arndt, Natasha; Naudé, Luzelle – Youth & Society, 2020
The aim of this study was to explore Black South African adolescents' sense of self as it emerges through their direct and indirect environments. Black African adolescents (N = 57; 52.63% male; 47.37% female) participated in eight focus groups, which were analyzed thematically. The emphasis fell on the interconnectedness and interdependency…
Descriptors: Blacks, Adolescents, Self Concept, Interpersonal Relationship
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Tyler, Kimberly A.; Schmitz, Rachel M. – Youth & Society, 2020
We used a life stress framework to examine linkages between distal or primary stressors (e.g., child abuse) and proximal or secondary stressors (e.g., street victimization) and their association with substance use among 150 youth experiencing homelessness in the Midwestern United States. Results revealed that numerous primary stressors such as…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Child Abuse, Victims of Crime, Substance Abuse
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Glowacz, Fabienne; Léonard, Julie; Courtain, Audrey – Youth & Society, 2020
Runaway behaviors among teenagers have been studied for some 40 years. Still, because runaway and homeless youths have often been confounded, little is known about what really defines a runaway adolescent. This study targets three objectives in a mixed-method design relying on data from official files and interviews: the descriptions of teenagers…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Runaways, Adolescents, Age Differences
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Iratzoqui, Amaia – Youth & Society, 2020
Criminological literature has examined the potential for gendered pathways of offending, while also recognizing the gendered risk for victimization. General strain theory explicitly recognizes this gendered risk as strains that structure differences in these experiences for males and females. The current article tests the longitudinal risk for…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, At Risk Persons, Child Abuse, Family Violence
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Soller, Brian; Copp, Jennifer E.; Haynie, Dana L.; Kuhlemeier, Alena – Youth & Society, 2020
We integrate literature on gender and adolescent friendships to examine the association between adolescent dating violence victimization (ADVV) and relationship dissolution. In particular, we test whether ADVV increases the hazard of relationship dissolution among adolescent romances, and whether a number of friendship dynamics alter the…
Descriptors: Dating (Social), Adolescents, Violence, Victims
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Fernandez, Alejandra; Loukas, Alexandra; Golaszewski, Natalie M.; Batanova, Milena; Pasch, Keryn E. – Youth & Society, 2020
Relational victimization can have negative implications for early adolescents; yet, few studies have examined relational victimization among Hispanic early adolescents. This study examined (a) the concurrent associations between relational victimization and depressive symptoms and conduct problems and (b) the moderating roles of three sources of…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Relationship, Victims, Early Adolescents, Hispanic Americans
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Paceley, Megan S.; Fish, Jessica N.; Thomas, Margaret M. C.; Goffnett, Jacob – Youth & Society, 2020
Sexual and gender minority (SGM) youth experience high rates of victimization leading to health disparities. Community size and community climate are associated with health outcomes among SGM youth; however, we lack studies that include them as covariates alongside victimization to understand their collective impact on health. This study utilized…
Descriptors: Victims, LGBTQ People, Stress Variables, Context Effect
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