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Johnson, Odis, Jr. – Youth & Society, 2018
This study explores how linkages between adolescents' educational attitudes and achievement vary according to race, expressive culture, and neighborhood collective socialization qualities. Specifically, the study examines (a) racial differences in how males' educational attitudes relate to their academic performance (i.e.,…
Descriptors: African Americans, Whites, Males, Socialization
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Hurd, Noelle M.; Hussain, Saida; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Youth & Society, 2018
The current study examined whether students' perceptions of school disorder influenced their psychosocial outcomes directly and indirectly via connectedness to school. The current study also explored moderation by the presence of a supportive figure in the school and investigated gender differences. Participants were 28,104 high school students.…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, High School Students, Educational Environment, Student Development
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Ferguson, Kristin M.; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J. – Youth & Society, 2018
This study used the risk and resilience framework to examine predictors of formal and informal sources of income among homeless young adults. Formal sources of income generation consisted of full-time, part-time, or paid, temporary work. Informal sources included earning money from selling personal possessions, selling drugs, and theft. In all,…
Descriptors: Risk, Resilience (Psychology), Income, Homeless People
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Vantieghem, Wendelien; Van Houtte, Mieke – Youth & Society, 2018
Despite boys' educational underachievement, gender differences in study motivation have received little research attention. Guided by self-determination theory and the identity-based motivation model, this study investigates differences in study motivation between boys and girls, as well as within each gender. To adequately consider these…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Student Motivation, Learning Motivation
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Bermea, Autumn M.; Toews, Michelle L.; Wood, Leila G. – Youth & Society, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine adolescent mothers' perceptions of how individuals within the schools viewed them and how those views shaped their educational experiences. The sample consisted of 83 primarily Hispanic adolescent mothers who participated in one of 19 semi-structured focus group interviews during the 2014-2015 school year.…
Descriptors: Early Parenthood, Social Bias, Pregnancy, Mothers
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Gavriel-Fried, Belle; Ronen, Tammie; Agbaria, Qutaiba; Orkibi, Hod; Hamama, Liat – Youth & Society, 2018
Adolescence is a period of dramatic change that necessitates using skills and strengths to reduce physical aggression and increase happiness. This study examined the multiple facets of self-control skills in achieving both goals simultaneously, in a sample of 248 Arab adolescents in Israel. We conceptualized and tested a new multi-mediator model…
Descriptors: Self Control, Arabs, Adolescents, Structural Equation Models
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Temkin, Deborah A.; Gest, Scott D.; Osgood, D. Wayne; Feinberg, Mark; Moody, James – Youth & Society, 2018
This article expands research on normative school transitions (NSTs) from elementary to middle school or middle to high school by examining the extent to which they disrupt structures of friendship networks. Social network analysis is used to quantify aspects of connectedness likely relevant to student experiences of social support. Data were…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Friendship, Social Networks, Age Differences
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Ryabov, Igor – Youth & Society, 2018
The present study used nationally representative data from the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) merged with census-track data from the American Community Survey (ACS) to model race-ethnic disparities in overweight, obesity, and obesity-related disease among children and adolescents as a function of neighborhood race-ethnic segregation,…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Obesity, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Gao, Yunjiao; Wong, Dennis S. W. – Youth & Society, 2018
Migrant youth are widely considered to engage in more delinquency than their local counterparts because they experience more strains, but few studies have empirically examined the delinquency of migrant adolescents in China. This study applied data of 496 local and 667 migrant adolescents in Shenzhen, China, and examined the effect of migrant…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Migrants, Adolescents, Stress Variables
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Johnson, Byron R.; Pagano, Maria E.; Lee, Matthew T.; Post, Stephen G. – Youth & Society, 2018
Because addiction is a socially isolating disease, social support for recovery is an important element of treatment planning. This study examines the relationship between social isolation, giving and receiving social support in Alcoholics Anonymous during treatment, and post-treatment outcomes among juvenile offenders court-referred to addiction…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Isolation, Addictive Behavior, Alcohol Abuse
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Perry, Justin C.; Fisher, Alexandra L.; Caemmerer, Jacqueline M.; Keith, Timothy Z.; Poklar, Ashley E. – Youth & Society, 2018
Self-regulation is a well-known construct in educational and psychological research, as it is often related to academic success and well-being. Drawing from criticisms of a lack of context applied to the investigation of this construct, the current study examined the multi-dimensional role of social support (teachers, parents, peers) and coping…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Coping, Self Management, Independent Study
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Ashtiani, Mariam; Feliciano, Cynthia – Youth & Society, 2018
Youth from advantaged backgrounds have more social relationships that provide access to resources facilitating their educational success than those from low-income families. Does access to and mobilization of social capital also relate to success among the few low-income youth who "overcome the odds" and persist in higher education?…
Descriptors: Correlation, Social Capital, Academic Persistence, Higher Education
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Fu, Xinyuan; Liu, Xiaolan; Yang, Ying; Zhang, Mengyuan; Kou, Yu – Youth & Society, 2018
We examined Chinese adolescents' aspirations and explored the relationship between relative intrinsic aspirations (RIA) and prosocial behaviors and whether adolescents with different levels of RIA have different emphases on self- and other-oriented considerations during prosocial decision making. In Study 1, 236 participants were recruited and…
Descriptors: Role, Prosocial Behavior, Correlation, Questionnaires
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De Pedro, Kris Tunac; Astor, Ron Avi; Gilreath, Tamika D.; Benbenishty, Rami; Berkowitz, Ruth – Youth & Society, 2018
Research has found that when compared with civilian students, military-connected students in the United States have more negative mental health outcomes, stemming from the stress of military life events (i.e., deployment). To date, studies on military-connected youth have not examined the role of protective factors within the school environment,…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Mental Health, Military Personnel, Stress Variables
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Mahmoudi, Hojjat; Brown, Monica R.; Amani Saribagloo, Javad; Dadashzadeh, Shiva – Youth & Society, 2018
This aim of this current research was a multi-level analysis of the relationship between school culture, basic psychological needs, and adolescents' academic alienation. One thousand twenty-nine (N = 1,029) high school students from Qom City were randomly selected through a multi-phase cluster sampling method and answered questions regarding…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Culture, Psychological Patterns, Adolescents
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