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Brandt, Deborah – Written Communication, 1986
Examines the relationship among writer, context, and text (1) by exploring the notion of context-independence as it pertains to writers and texts, and (2) by placing the issue of context and composition within a wider framework of context and language use. (FL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cultural Context, Educational Theories, Language Usage
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Doheny-Farina, Stephen – Written Communication, 1986
Describes a study that explored the collaborative writing processes of a group of business executives over the course of a year as they prepared a vital company document. Shows how context affected the writers' conceptions of their rhetorical situations and their writing behavior and how the rhetorical activities influenced the structure of the…
Descriptors: Administrators, Behavior Patterns, Cognitive Processes, Collaborative Writing
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Karlinsky, Stewart S.; Andrews, J. Douglas – Written Communication, 1986
Concludes that more than 15 percent of the federal income tax law's complexity is attributable to the capital gains sections. Confirms the idea that the capital gain and loss provisions substantially complicate the law in both absolute and relative terms. (FL)
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Difficulty Level, Federal Legislation, Finance Reform
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Kroll, Barry M. – Written Communication, 1986
Describes a study in which students in grades 5, 7, 9, 11, and college were taught to play a game, then given the task of writing instructions in how to play it. Shows the growth in students' informative writing skills over the grades. Appendixes contain scoring guidelines, a description of the game, and examples of the instructions. (FL)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Information Dissemination
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LaRoche, Mary G.; Pearson, Sheryl S. – Written Communication, 1985
Argues that traditional views of organizational communication have fallen short because they misapprehended and oversimplified the realities of rhetorical behavior in organizations and because they offered weak theoretical underpinnings for the study of business communication. (FL)
Descriptors: Communication Research, Communication Skills, Discourse Analysis, Educational Philosophy
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O'Donnell, Angela M.; And Others – Written Communication, 1985
Compares the performance of students who cooperated on an instruction writing task with that of students who worked alone. Concludes that cooperating dyads can improve the communicative quality of their instruction writing. (FL)
Descriptors: Cooperation, Higher Education, Peer Teaching, Teaching Methods
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Kucer, Stephen L. – Written Communication, 1985
Presents a general theory of text processing that delineates the parallel operations in reading and writing. (FL)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Educational Theories, Language Processing, Reading Skills
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Kubota, Ryuko – Written Communication, 1997
Takes issue with standard characterizations of Japanese expository prose styles on the grounds that they view language and culture as exotic and static. Draws on multiple interpretations of ki-sho-ten-ketsu (classical rhetoric) offered by composition specialists in Japan. Suggests that researchers and writing teachers should be wary of…
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Japanese Culture
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Detweiler, Jane; Peyton, Claudia – Written Communication, 1999
Examines the role of narrative conventions in the epistemological development of a health-care field. Argues that changes marking the emergence of occupational therapy as an autonomous profession illustrate how explanatory narrative frames emerge from and embody assumptions about the world. Provides new ways to think about the long-term dialog…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Medical Services, Occupational Therapy, Professional Occupations
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Dyson, Anne Haas – Written Communication, 1997
Presents and considers the vision of children as receptors of adults' ideological messages. Reviews examples of adults' rewriting for children, drawing primarily on the rewriting of folk stories. Reconstructs, using ethnographic data from urban schools, one branch of a classroom chain of communication. Discusses the classroom conditions that…
Descriptors: Childrens Writing, Classroom Environment, Classroom Research, Ethnography
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van Gelderen, Amos – Written Communication, 1997
Studies revision skills of grades 5-6 students asked to improve expository text written by other students by giving explicit evaluations, diagnoses, and suggestions. Supplements quantitative data with qualitative analysis of revision activities. Specifies in the model important cognitive steps in revision: compare, diagnose, and operate. Concludes…
Descriptors: Critical Reading, Intermediate Grades, Models, Protocol Analysis
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Prior, Paul – Written Communication, 1991
Examines contexts for writing and response in a graduate education seminar including native and nonnative English speakers. Considers how the instructor communicated expectations for writing assignments, how students performed, and how students' writing was evaluated. Argues that student writing occurs in a multidimensional context where…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Graduate Students, Higher Education, Questionnaires
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Barton, Ellen L. – Written Communication, 1995
Describes a set of metadiscourse functions arising from the use of contrastive and non-contrastive expressions in academic argumentation. Describes interpersonal metadiscourse functions of connectives within argumentative essays. Proposes that interpersonal uses of connectives mitigate counterclaims and emphasize claims based on the assumed roles…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Connected Discourse, Discourse Analysis, Higher Education
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Hagge, John – Written Communication, 1995
Explains that analysis of leading ideas in 20th century engineering writing textbooks and other primary sources demonstrates that disciplinary discourse conventions develop from an intricate nexus of human motivations, beliefs, and social activity. Explores currents in American social and intellectual history that explain this complex view of…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Engineering, Higher Education, Intellectual History
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Himley, Margaret; And Others – Written Communication, 1996
Provides reflections on the work of four writing teachers in a neighborhood adult literacy center to understand better the potential "violence" of literacy learning, to reassess assumptions of expressivist pedagogy, and to turn to M. Bakhtin and M. Foucault as interpretive frames for theorizing adult literacy learning. Proposes…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Collaborative Writing, Writing Instruction
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