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Showing 1 to 15 of 97 results Save | Export
Azevedo, João Pedro; Cojocaru, Alexandru; Talledo, Veronica Montalva; Narayan, Ambar – World Bank, 2023
The paper presents a first global investigation of the longer-term inequality implications of COVID-19 by examining the effect of school closures on the ability of children from different countries and backgrounds to engage in continued learning throughout the pandemic, and their implications for intergenerational mobility in education. The…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Social Differences
Ham, Andres; Vazquez, Emmanuel; Yanez-Pagans, Monica – World Bank, 2023
This paper studies the effects of differential exposure to COVID-19 on educational outcomes in Guatemala. The government adopted a warning index (ranging from 0 to 10) to classify municipalities by infection rates in 2020, which was then used by the Ministry of Education in 2021 to establish a "stoplight" system for in-person…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, COVID-19, Pandemics, Dropouts
Danon, Alice; Das, Jishnu; de Barros, Andreas; Filmer, Deon – World Bank, 2023
This paper assesses the reliability and validity of cognitive and socioemotional skills measures and investigates the correlation between schooling, skills acquisition, and labor earnings. The primary data from Pakistan incorporates two innovations related to measurement and sampling. On measurement, the paper develops and implements a battery of…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Comparative Analysis, Cognitive Ability, Social Emotional Learning
Filmer, Deon – World Bank, 2023
Across six Sub-Saharan African countries, grade 4 students of teachers who were hired after a free primary education reform perform worse, on average, on language and math tests--statistically significantly so in language--than students of teachers who were hired before the reform. Teachers who were hired just after the reform also perform worse,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Education, Educational Change, Grade 4
Ahsan, Md. Nazmul; Emran, M. Shahe; Jiang, Hanchen; Han, Qingyang; Shilpi, Forhad – World Bank, 2023
This paper presents credible and comparable evidence on intergenerational educational mobility in 53 developing countries using sibling correlation as a measure, and data from 230 waves of Demographic and Health Surveys. It is the first paper to provide estimates of sibling correlation in schooling for a large number of developing countries using…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Mobility, Generational Differences, Siblings
Krafft, Caroline; Raikes, Abbie; Towfighian, Samira Nikaein; Mojgani, Rebecca Sayre – World Bank, 2023
By the time children in low- and middle-income countries start primary school, large socioeconomic disparities are evident in children's learning and development. Both pre-primary and home environments can play important roles in influencing school readiness and can contribute to disparities in early childhood development, but there is limited…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Education, Family Environment, Low Income
Crawford, Michael F.; Rutkowski, David; Rutkowski, Leslie – World Bank, 2023
This paper provides results from the randomized control trial project, Promoting Development and Home Reading of Supplementary Texts for Young Readers in Cambodia. One control and three treatment groups were assessed on how literacy and reading habits changed when households were provided a variety of high-quality and low-cost early reading…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
Pushparatnam, Adelle; Seiden, Jonathan; Luna-Bazaldua, Diego – World Bank, 2022
A growing understanding of the importance of children's earliest years has led to an increasing desire to measure early childhood development (ECD) outcomes. There are now nearly 150 tools for measuring ECD outcomes internationally, which can make it challenging to choose an appropriate measurement tool for a given measurement effort. This…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Evaluation Methods, Early Childhood Education, Population Groups
Shabnam Sinha; Sangeeta Dey; Tapaswini Sahu; Sandipan Paul; Tanusree Talukdar – World Bank, 2022
The first six to eight years of a child's life, known as early childhood, have been globally acknowledged to be the most critical years for life-long development of children, when the pace of development is extremely rapid. Early experiences at home, in communities, and at other care settings play a crucial role in brain architecture development…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Development, School Readiness
Hou, Dingyong; Acevedo, Karina; de Laat, Joost; Larrison, Jennica – World Bank, 2021
Building the Right Skills for Human Capital summarizes the findings from the 2019 skills survey for the adult Kyrgyz population. The skills measures used in the survey focused on literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology rich environments (PSTRE) and followed the same questions and approach as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Human Capital, Adults, Literacy
Rahman, Tashmina; Sharma, Uttam – World Bank, 2021
This Note presents results from a series of simulations that aim to capture the impacts that school closures in Bangladesh might have on the learning levels, enrollment and future earnings of children and students using a methodological tool developed by the Education Global Practice of the World Bank. We find that overall loss in learning for…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing, Foreign Countries
Munoz Boudet, Ana Maria; Rodriguez Chamussy, Lourdes; Chiarella, Cristina; Oral Savonitto, Isil – World Bank, 2021
In the last decades, developed economies have witnessed significant declines in wages for low-skill workers, increases in employment in high-skill occupations, rapid diffusion of new technology, and expanding offshoring opportunities. Labor markets in developed countries have reallocated labor from manual to cognitive jobs and from routine to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Females, Gender Bias, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
Vivek, Kumar; Bhattacharjee, Pradyumna – World Bank, 2021
Education systems in under-resourced environments face several challenges, some of them exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. A possible way to address some of the challenges is to apply information and communication technologies. However, effectively integrating technology into education systems is a complex task. In this paper, factors…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Technology Integration, Barriers
Yarrow, Noah; Santoso; Tjahjadi, Alexander Michael; Khairina, Noviandri Nurlaili – World Bank, 2021
This study reviews the implementation of the TKD program related to teachers in DKI Jakarta to identify any initial behavior changes resulting from the policy. The objective of the study is twofold: to identify the level of understanding of stakeholders regarding the performance allowance; and to identify the impact of the performance allowance on…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Educational Change, Incentives
Crawford, Michael; Marin, Sergio Venegas – World Bank, 2021
The World Bank's focus on foundational skills requires that issues of language and Language of Instruction be brought to the forefront of education policy discussions. Poor Language of Instruction policies harm learning, access, equity, cost-effectiveness, and inclusion. Yet nearly 37% of students in low- and middle-income countries are taught in…
Descriptors: International Organizations, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Educational Policy
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