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Showing 1 to 15 of 51 results Save | Export
Graham, Jimmy; Kelly, Sean – World Bank, 2018
It is imperative that students learn to read in the early grades, yet many fail to do so in developing countries. Early grade reading interventions have emerged as a common means to attempt to address this problem. This paper presents a definition of early grade reading interventions as interventions that employ a combination of five components:…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Primary Education, Reading Instruction, Early Intervention
Bossavie, Laurent; Kanninen, Ohto – World Bank, 2018
The gender gap reversal in educational attainment is ubiquitous in high-income countries, as well as in a growing share of low- and middle-income countries. To account for the reversal, this paper proposes a theoretical framework in which the interplay between the distributions of academic aptitudes and changes in the net benefits of schooling…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Educational Attainment, Academic Aptitude, Academic Achievement
Cerutti, Paula; Crivellaro, Elena; Reyes, Germán; Sousa, Liliana D. – World Bank, 2018
How do labor income shocks affect household investment in upper secondary and tertiary schooling? Using longitudinal data from 2005-15 for Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico, this paper explores the effect of a negative household income shock on the enrollment status of youth ages 15 to 25. The findings suggest that negative income shocks significantly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Family Income, Dropouts, Economic Factors
World Bank, 2018
Educating children is a priority across the world, but low-income countries can face enormous challenges. Schools are often overcrowded and in disrepair. Teachers don't always show up or may not be qualified or interested in teaching. Parents hesitate to send children, especially girls, to schools that aren't close by or they may want to keep them…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Poverty, Private Schools, Access to Education
Hoftijzer, Margo; Cretu, Veronica; Dillinger, William; Casap, Lucia – World Bank, 2018
Moldova's public expenditures on education as a share of GDP and total public sector spending are higher than in most countries in the European Union (EU) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Moldova's challenges to improve the quality and efficiency of education provision need to be addressed in a context of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Education, General Education, Educational Change
Wodon, Quentin; Male, Chata; Onagoruwa, Adenike; Yedan, Ali – World Bank, 2017
Despite substantial progress over the last two decades, girls still have on average lower levels of educational attainment than boys in West and Central Africa. This is in part because many girls in the region are married while still children, often before they may be physically and emotionally ready to become wives and mothers. Educating girls…
Descriptors: Marriage, African Culture, Educational Attainment, Gender Differences
Brinkman, Sally; Vu, Binh Thanh – World Bank, 2017
"Early Childhood Development in Tonga: Baseline Results from the Tongan Early Human Capability Index" offers a comprehensive assessment of early child development across Tonga. This book reports on a census of child development using the Tongan Early Human Capability Index. The data includes information on more than 6,600 children ages 3…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Development, Preschool Children
Ramirez Cortes, Fernando – World Bank, 2017
Each year countries suffer great tragedy when natural disasters destroy schools and disrupt children's education. In addition to causing immediate harm to children, there is mounting evidence that the direct impact of natural disasters can translate into a series of indirect long-term effects. For some time, multilateral and bilateral development…
Descriptors: School Safety, Systems Approach, Hazardous Materials, Educational Facilities
Almeida, Rita; Amaral, Nicole; de Felicio, Fabiana – World Bank, 2016
Despite impressive progress in education enrollments in recent decades, Brazil continues to face important obstacles to overall quality and secondary school completion rates that restrict the nation's ability to produce a skilled workforce. Vocational and Technical Education and Training (VET) is a key element in the strategy to more quickly…
Descriptors: Technical Education, Vocational Education, Educational Quality, Educational Attainment
King, Elizabeth; Patrinos, Harry; Rogers, Halsey – World Bank, 2015
The aim of the SABER-school finance initiative is to collect, analyze and disseminate comparable data about education finance systems across countries. SABER-school finance assesses education finance systems along six policy goals: (i) ensuring basic conditions for learning; (ii) monitoring learning conditions and outcomes; (iii) overseeing…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Data Collection, Surveys, Educational Environment
Balcázar, Carlos Felipe; Ñopo, Hugo – World Bank, 2015
Good teachers are essential for high-quality educational systems. However, little is known about teachers' skills formation during college. By combining two standardized tests for Colombian students, one taken at the end of senior year in high school and the other when students are near graduation from college, this paper documents the extent to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Seniors, Education Majors, Preservice Teachers
Bruns, Barbara; Luque, Javier – World Bank, 2015
While the importance of good teaching may be intuitively obvious, only over the past decade has education research begun to quantify the high economic stakes around teacher quality. In a world where the goals of national education systems are being transformed, from a focus on the transmission of facts and memorization to a focus on student…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Competencies, Educational Quality, Educational Change
Tandon, Prateek; Fukao, Tsuyoshi – World Bank, 2015
This book diagnoses Cambodian teaching quality and presents policy options for reform. Through classroom observation, assessments of mathematics and pedagogical content knowledge, and surveys of teachers and school directors, it sheds light on content and instruction, interactions with school directors, instructional support systems, and the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality, Educational Policy
Avitabile, Ciro; de Hoyos, Rafael – World Bank, 2015
A randomized control trial was conducted to study whether providing 10th grade students with information about the returns to upper secondary and tertiary education, and a source of financial aid for tertiary education, can contribute to improve student performance. The study finds that the intervention had no effects on the probability of taking…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Grade 10, Randomized Controlled Trials
Avitabile, Ciro; Bobba, Matteo; Pariguana, Marco – World Bank, 2015
Parents and students from different socioeconomic backgrounds value differently school characteristics, but the reasons behind this preference heterogeneity are not well understood. In the context of the centralized school assignment system in Mexico City, this study analyzes how a large household income shock affects choices over high school…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Track System (Education), High School Students, Family Income
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