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Thomas, Michael S. C.; Knowland, Victoria C. P.; Rogers, Cathy – World Bank, 2020
This report considers the science of adult literacy acquisition, with the goal of identifying principles that may improve the effectiveness of adult literacy programs. We define literacy as a continuum, from emerging literacy, through improving literacy, to fluent literacy and we outline the factors that influence how far along that continuum an…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Literacy Education, Program Effectiveness, Skill Development
Outes-León, Ingo; Sánchez, Alan; Vakis, Renos – World Bank, 2020
This paper evaluates the academic impact of a growth-mindset intervention on students starting the secondary level in public schools in urban Peru. ¡Expande tu Mente! is a 90-minute school session aimed at instilling the notion that a person's own intelligence is malleable. Students in schools randomly assigned to treatment showed a small…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Urban Schools, Secondary School Students, Intervention
Bhatta, Saurav Dev; Rahman, Tashmina; Rahman, Md. Naibur; Sharma, Uttam; Adams, Lindsay – World Bank, 2020
This report reviews the landscape of the early childhood education (ECE) system in Bangladesh, focusing on the following key aspects related to the provision of ECE services: (a) access and equity, (b) quality, (c) governance and management, and (d) financing. It is based primarily on a desk review of existing documents and literature on ECE, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Access to Education, Equal Education
Shmis, Tigran; Ustinova, Maria; Chugunov, Dmitry – World Bank, 2020
This book presents the main findings of a study on school learning environments and student outcomes, which the World Bank conducted in 2019 in three regions of the Russian Federation. Using data collected through the [Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development] OECD School User Survey and the pilot "Trends in Mathematics and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Environment, Teaching Methods, Space Utilization
Abdul-Hamid, Husein; Yassine, Mohamed – World Bank, 2020
Education is a source of national pride in Lebanon. When the general public was asked how the education system was performing, 76 percent of respondents had a positive opinion; and these satisfaction rates have been consistently high over the years. However, perception of education quality does not reflect the reality of the sector; and learning…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Politics of Education, Educational History
Béteille, Tara; Tognatta, Namrata; Riboud, Michelle; Nomura, Shinsaku; Ghorpade, Yashodhan – World Bank, 2020
Countries that have sustained rapid growth over decades have typically had a strong public commitment to expanding education as well as to improving learning outcomes. South Asian countries have made considerable progress in expanding access to primary and secondary schooling, with countries having achieved near-universal enrollment of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Readiness, Educational Attainment
Pedro-Alvarez, Marcello; Priebe, Jan; Susanti, Dewi – World Bank, 2020
Teacher evaluations are conducted to inform employment decisions and teacher professional development with the ultimate goal to create beneficial student learning environments. The effectiveness and feasibility of teacher evaluations, particularly in high-stakes contexts (hiring, firing, promotion, Pay-for-Performance schemes), crucially depends…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accountability, Teacher Effectiveness, Merit Pay
Agostinelli, Francesco; Avitabile, Ciro; Bobba, Matteo; Sanchez, Alonso – World Bank, 2020
Achieving inclusive and quality education for all is a global priority, and policymakers are still grappling with the best ways to ensure the poorest and most marginalized children are in school and learning. About 120 million children, many from rural areas, are still out of school, despite a recent global push for universal access to education.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Access to Education
Evans, David K.; Yuan, Fei – World Bank, 2019
In the past decade, hundreds of impact evaluation studies have measured the learning outcomes of education interventions in developing countries. The impact magnitudes are often reported in terms of "standard deviations," making them difficult to communicate to policy makers beyond education specialists. This paper proposes two…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Intervention
Levy, Santiago; López-Calva, Luis Felipe – World Bank, 2019
Over the last two decades, Mexico has experienced macroeconomic stability, an open trade regime, and substantial progress in education. Yet average workers' earnings have stagnated, and earnings of those with higher schooling have fallen, compressing the earnings distribution and lowering the returns to education. This paper argues that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Resource Allocation, Education Work Relationship
de Hoyos, Rafael; Attanasio, Orazio; Meghir, Costas – World Bank, 2019
This paper studies the impact of PROBEMS, a scholarship program in Mexico aimed at improving graduation rates and test scores among upper secondary school students from poor backgrounds. The identification strategy is the random allocation into the program, which took place in 2009. The strategy allows measurement of the effects of PROBEMS on test…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Graduation Rate, Scholarships
Alaref, Jumana; Brodmann, Stefanie; Premand, Patrick – World Bank, 2019
Despite the widespread popularity of entrepreneurship education, there is thin evidence on its effectiveness in improving employment outcomes over the medium to long term. A potential time lag between entrepreneurial intentions and actions is sometimes presented as a reason why employment impacts are rarely observed. Based on a randomized control…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Entrepreneurship, Education Work Relationship, College Graduates
Lee, Jessica; Medina, Octavio – World Bank, 2019
Results-based financing (RBF) has gained popularity in the international development community because of its potential to make education spending more effective and efficient. In the education sector, RBF has been primarily applied to four levels: teachers; students and families; schools; and governments. The results overall have been mixed, with…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Incentives, Teachers, Students
Al-Samarrai, Samer; Cerdan-Infantes, Pedro; Lehe, Jonathan – World Bank, 2019
This paper looks at how countries have mobilized additional resources for education and assesses their impact on access and learning outcomes, using the World Bank's new Learning-Adjusted Years of Schooling measure. The paper shows that global spending on education has risen significantly over the past two decades, although spending as a share of…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Geographic Regions, Foreign Countries, Economic Factors
Barrett, Peter; Treves, Alberto; Shmis, Tigran; Ambasz, Diego; Ustinova, Maria – World Bank, 2019
The aim of this report is to review current research studies on how school infrastructure affects children's learning outcomes and to identify key parameters that can inform the design, implementation, and supervision of future educational infrastructure projects. At the same time, this document also aims to identify areas where the evidence is…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Outcomes of Education, Access to Education, School Size
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