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de Hoyos, Rafael; Attanasio, Orazio; Meghir, Costas – World Bank, 2019
This paper studies the impact of PROBEMS, a scholarship program in Mexico aimed at improving graduation rates and test scores among upper secondary school students from poor backgrounds. The identification strategy is the random allocation into the program, which took place in 2009. The strategy allows measurement of the effects of PROBEMS on test…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Graduation Rate, Scholarships
Alaref, Jumana; Brodmann, Stefanie; Premand, Patrick – World Bank, 2019
Despite the widespread popularity of entrepreneurship education, there is thin evidence on its effectiveness in improving employment outcomes over the medium to long term. A potential time lag between entrepreneurial intentions and actions is sometimes presented as a reason why employment impacts are rarely observed. Based on a randomized control…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Entrepreneurship, Education Work Relationship, College Graduates
Lee, Jessica; Medina, Octavio – World Bank, 2019
Results-based financing (RBF) has gained popularity in the international development community because of its potential to make education spending more effective and efficient. In the education sector, RBF has been primarily applied to four levels: teachers; students and families; schools; and governments. The results overall have been mixed, with…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Incentives, Teachers, Students
Al-Samarrai, Samer; Cerdan-Infantes, Pedro; Lehe, Jonathan – World Bank, 2019
This paper looks at how countries have mobilized additional resources for education and assesses their impact on access and learning outcomes, using the World Bank's new Learning-Adjusted Years of Schooling measure. The paper shows that global spending on education has risen significantly over the past two decades, although spending as a share of…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Geographic Regions, Foreign Countries, Economic Factors
Cerutti, Paula; Crivellaro, Elena; Reyes, Germán; Sousa, Liliana D. – World Bank, 2018
How do labor income shocks affect household investment in upper secondary and tertiary schooling? Using longitudinal data from 2005-15 for Argentina, Brazil, and Mexico, this paper explores the effect of a negative household income shock on the enrollment status of youth ages 15 to 25. The findings suggest that negative income shocks significantly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Family Income, Dropouts, Economic Factors
World Bank, 2018
Educating children is a priority across the world, but low-income countries can face enormous challenges. Schools are often overcrowded and in disrepair. Teachers don't always show up or may not be qualified or interested in teaching. Parents hesitate to send children, especially girls, to schools that aren't close by or they may want to keep them…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Poverty, Private Schools, Access to Education
Hoftijzer, Margo; Cretu, Veronica; Dillinger, William; Casap, Lucia – World Bank, 2018
Moldova's public expenditures on education as a share of GDP and total public sector spending are higher than in most countries in the European Union (EU) and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Moldova's challenges to improve the quality and efficiency of education provision need to be addressed in a context of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Education, General Education, Educational Change
Graham, Jimmy; Kelly, Sean – World Bank, 2018
It is imperative that students learn to read in the early grades, yet many fail to do so in developing countries. Early grade reading interventions have emerged as a common means to attempt to address this problem. This paper presents a definition of early grade reading interventions as interventions that employ a combination of five components:…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Primary Education, Reading Instruction, Early Intervention
Bossavie, Laurent; Kanninen, Ohto – World Bank, 2018
The gender gap reversal in educational attainment is ubiquitous in high-income countries, as well as in a growing share of low- and middle-income countries. To account for the reversal, this paper proposes a theoretical framework in which the interplay between the distributions of academic aptitudes and changes in the net benefits of schooling…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Educational Attainment, Academic Aptitude, Academic Achievement
Wodon, Quentin; Male, Chata; Montenegro, Claudio; Nayihouba, Ada – World Bank, 2018
This report documents the challenge of achieving inclusive education in Africa. Primary school completion rates are 10 percentage points lower for girls with disabilities than for girls without disabilities. For boys, the disability gap in primary completion rates is 13 points. Gaps are also large for secondary education completion and children…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Inclusion, Students with Disabilities, Gender Differences
Santibañez, Lucrecia; Saavedra, Juan E.; Kattan, Raja Bentaouet; Patrinos, Harry Anthony – World Bank, 2018
In low-income countries, private schools are perceived as superior alternatives to the public sector, often improving achievement at a fraction of the cost. It is unclear whether private schools are as effective in middle-income countries where the public sector has relatively more resources. To address this gap, this paper takes advantage of…
Descriptors: Low Income, Urban Areas, Private Schools, Admission (School)
Macdonald, Kevin; Brinkman, Sally; Jarvie, Wendy; Machuca-Sierra, Myrna; McDonall, Kris; Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila; Tapueluelu, Siosiana; Vu, Binh Thanh – World Bank, 2018
This paper evaluates and compares two randomized interventions in Tonga, one targeting the home environment of children up to age 5 and one targeting the school environment for first and second grade students. The first intervention supports communities to set up and run playgroups that aim to improve caregiver-child interaction at home and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intervention, School Readiness, Parent Child Relationship
Brinkman, Sally; Vu, Binh Thanh – World Bank, 2017
"Early Childhood Development in Tonga: Baseline Results from the Tongan Early Human Capability Index" offers a comprehensive assessment of early child development across Tonga. This book reports on a census of child development using the Tongan Early Human Capability Index. The data includes information on more than 6,600 children ages 3…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Child Development, Preschool Children
Ramirez Cortes, Fernando – World Bank, 2017
Each year countries suffer great tragedy when natural disasters destroy schools and disrupt children's education. In addition to causing immediate harm to children, there is mounting evidence that the direct impact of natural disasters can translate into a series of indirect long-term effects. For some time, multilateral and bilateral development…
Descriptors: School Safety, Systems Approach, Hazardous Materials, Educational Facilities
Wodon, Quentin; Male, Chata; Onagoruwa, Adenike; Yedan, Ali – World Bank, 2017
Despite substantial progress over the last two decades, girls still have on average lower levels of educational attainment than boys in West and Central Africa. This is in part because many girls in the region are married while still children, often before they may be physically and emotionally ready to become wives and mothers. Educating girls…
Descriptors: Marriage, African Culture, Educational Attainment, Gender Differences
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