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Chicoine, Luke – World Bank, 2020
This article investigates the causal relationship between women's schooling and fertility by exploiting variation generated by the removal of school fees in Ethiopia. The increase in schooling caused by the reform is identified using both geographic variation in the intensity of its impact and temporal variation generated by the timing of the…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Elementary Education, Females, Labor Market
Thomas, Michael S. C.; Knowland, Victoria C. P.; Rogers, Cathy – World Bank, 2020
This report considers the science of adult literacy acquisition, with the goal of identifying principles that may improve the effectiveness of adult literacy programs. We define literacy as a continuum, from emerging literacy, through improving literacy, to fluent literacy and we outline the factors that influence how far along that continuum an…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Literacy Education, Program Effectiveness, Skill Development
Outes-León, Ingo; Sánchez, Alan; Vakis, Renos – World Bank, 2020
This paper evaluates the academic impact of a growth-mindset intervention on students starting the secondary level in public schools in urban Peru. ¡Expande tu Mente! is a 90-minute school session aimed at instilling the notion that a person's own intelligence is malleable. Students in schools randomly assigned to treatment showed a small…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Urban Schools, Secondary School Students, Intervention
Bhatta, Saurav Dev; Rahman, Tashmina; Rahman, Md. Naibur; Sharma, Uttam; Adams, Lindsay – World Bank, 2020
This report reviews the landscape of the early childhood education (ECE) system in Bangladesh, focusing on the following key aspects related to the provision of ECE services: (a) access and equity, (b) quality, (c) governance and management, and (d) financing. It is based primarily on a desk review of existing documents and literature on ECE, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Access to Education, Equal Education
Shmis, Tigran; Ustinova, Maria; Chugunov, Dmitry – World Bank, 2020
This book presents the main findings of a study on school learning environments and student outcomes, which the World Bank conducted in 2019 in three regions of the Russian Federation. Using data collected through the [Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development] OECD School User Survey and the pilot "Trends in Mathematics and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Environment, Teaching Methods, Space Utilization
Abdul-Hamid, Husein; Yassine, Mohamed – World Bank, 2020
Education is a source of national pride in Lebanon. When the general public was asked how the education system was performing, 76 percent of respondents had a positive opinion; and these satisfaction rates have been consistently high over the years. However, perception of education quality does not reflect the reality of the sector; and learning…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Politics of Education, Educational History
Béteille, Tara; Tognatta, Namrata; Riboud, Michelle; Nomura, Shinsaku; Ghorpade, Yashodhan – World Bank, 2020
Countries that have sustained rapid growth over decades have typically had a strong public commitment to expanding education as well as to improving learning outcomes. South Asian countries have made considerable progress in expanding access to primary and secondary schooling, with countries having achieved near-universal enrollment of the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Readiness, Educational Attainment
Pedro-Alvarez, Marcello; Priebe, Jan; Susanti, Dewi – World Bank, 2020
Teacher evaluations are conducted to inform employment decisions and teacher professional development with the ultimate goal to create beneficial student learning environments. The effectiveness and feasibility of teacher evaluations, particularly in high-stakes contexts (hiring, firing, promotion, Pay-for-Performance schemes), crucially depends…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Accountability, Teacher Effectiveness, Merit Pay
Agostinelli, Francesco; Avitabile, Ciro; Bobba, Matteo; Sanchez, Alonso – World Bank, 2020
Achieving inclusive and quality education for all is a global priority, and policymakers are still grappling with the best ways to ensure the poorest and most marginalized children are in school and learning. About 120 million children, many from rural areas, are still out of school, despite a recent global push for universal access to education.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Access to Education
Li, Tianshu; Sekhri, Sheetal – World Bank, 2020
Many developing countries use employment guarantee programs to combat poverty. This paper examines the consequences of such employment guarantee programs for the human capital accumulation of children. It exploits the phased roll-out of India's flagship Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) to study the effects on…
Descriptors: Employment, Poverty, Child Labor, Human Capital
Moreno, Vicente Garcia; Patrinos, Harry Anthony – World Bank, 2020
This paper estimates private and social returns to investment in education in Azerbaijan, using the 2015 Azerbaijan Monitoring Survey for Social Welfare. The private rate of return to education is 6 percent; this is the first estimate of returns to schooling in Azerbaijan since 1995. The returns to schooling are 6 percent for men and 8 percent for…
Descriptors: National Surveys, Higher Education, Educational Finance, Educational Policy
El-Kogali, Safaa El Tayeb, Ed.; Krafft, Caroline, Ed. – World Bank, 2020
Education, which has been at the heart of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region's history and civilizations for centuries, has a large untapped potential to contribute to human capital, well-being, and wealth. The region has invested heavily in education for decades, but it has not been able to reap the benefits of its investments.…
Descriptors: Geographic Regions, Human Capital, Well Being, Educational Change
Evans, David K.; Yuan, Fei – World Bank, 2019
In the past decade, hundreds of impact evaluation studies have measured the learning outcomes of education interventions in developing countries. The impact magnitudes are often reported in terms of "standard deviations," making them difficult to communicate to policy makers beyond education specialists. This paper proposes two…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Developing Nations, Foreign Countries, Intervention
Levy, Santiago; López-Calva, Luis Felipe – World Bank, 2019
Over the last two decades, Mexico has experienced macroeconomic stability, an open trade regime, and substantial progress in education. Yet average workers' earnings have stagnated, and earnings of those with higher schooling have fallen, compressing the earnings distribution and lowering the returns to education. This paper argues that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Outcomes of Education, Resource Allocation, Education Work Relationship
Barrett, Peter; Treves, Alberto; Shmis, Tigran; Ambasz, Diego; Ustinova, Maria – World Bank, 2019
The aim of this report is to review current research studies on how school infrastructure affects children's learning outcomes and to identify key parameters that can inform the design, implementation, and supervision of future educational infrastructure projects. At the same time, this document also aims to identify areas where the evidence is…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Outcomes of Education, Access to Education, School Size
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