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ERIC Number: ED625078
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Dec
Pages: 23
Abstractor: ERIC
Shifting the Lens: Why Conceptualization Matters in Research on Reducing Inequality
Irons, Jenny
William T. Grant Foundation
Social science can be instrumental in illuminating responses to persistent social problems like racial or economic inequality. And a powerful starting point for studies that pursue this goal is a nuanced understanding of the problem at hand. That is, with a well-developed conceptualization of the contours, causes, and consequences of a given challenge, researchers are better equipped to explore how the challenge can be addressed. This report begins with a discussion on why the William T. Grant Foundation funds research that aligns with its interest in inequality among youth by race, ethnicity, economic standing, immigrant origin, and language minority status. The second half of report highlights two studies recently funded by the Foundation as examples on how researchers can employ the strategies discussed in the first half to enrich their research. One study examines whether mitigating the effects of material disadvantage may improve criminal justice outcomes for socioeconomically disadvantaged men and women, and another tests whether explicitly attending to racial bias helps teachers improve their behavior toward and expectations of Black youth, thereby reducing racial academic inequality.
William T. Grant Foundation. 570 Lexington Ave, New York, NY 10022. Tel: 212-752-0071; Fax: 212-752-1398; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: William T. Grant Foundation
Identifiers - Location: New York (New York)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A