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Hershbein, Brad J.; Kearney, Melissa S.; Pardue, Luke W. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2020
We conduct an empirical simulation exercise that gauges the plausible impact of increased rates of college attainment on a variety of measures of income inequality and economic insecurity. Using two different methodological approaches--a distributional approach and a causal parameter approach--we find that increased rates of bachelor's and…
Descriptors: Simulation, Income, Economic Status, Educational Attainment
Hershbein, Brad J.; Kearney, Melissa S.; Pardue, Luke W. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2020
This policy brief discusses an empirical simulation exercise that gauges the plausible impact of increased rates of college attainment on a variety of measures of income inequality and economic insecurity. The results reveal that increasing college attainment would shrink gaps between the 90th percentile and lower half of the earnings…
Descriptors: Simulation, Income, Economic Status, Educational Attainment
Ganguli, Ina; Gaulé, Patrick; Cugalj, Danijela Vuletic – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2020
We investigate whether excessively optimistic beliefs play a role in the persistent demand for doctoral and postdoctoral training in science. We elicit the beliefs and career preferences of doctoral students through a novel survey and randomize the provision of structured information on the true state of the academic market and information through…
Descriptors: Bias, Beliefs, Graduate Students, Science Careers
Bartik, Timothy J.; Hershbein, Brad J.; Miller-Adams, Michelle; Adams, Lee; Meyers, Amy; Timmeney, Bridget F. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2020
In this second annual summary of the their work, the Investing in Community Initiative provides practical advice for community leaders and policymakers around four critical issues. First, how should local needs be defined? Chapter 1 argues that data about local economies can show whether communities are best served by creating new jobs,…
Descriptors: Economic Development, Skill Development, Financial Support, Labor Force Development
Miller-Adams, Michelle; Hershbein, Brad J.; Bartik, Timothy J.; Timmeney, Bridget; Meyers, Amy; Adams, Lee – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2019
In 2018, the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research launched a major research initiative into place-based strategies for local prosperity. Place-based strategies are nothing new. For decades, cities, regions, and states have sought to increase the number of jobs available to residents, expand their tax base, and promote amenities and…
Descriptors: Community Development, Job Development, Economic Development, Economically Disadvantaged
Bartik, Timothy J.; Hershbein, Brad J. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
Drawing on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we document a startling empirical pattern: the career earnings premium from a four-year college degree (relative to a high school diploma) for persons from low-income backgrounds is considerably less than it is for those from higher-income backgrounds. For individuals whose family income in high…
Descriptors: Family Income, Bachelors Degrees, High School Graduates, Low Income Groups
Mahler, Patten Priestley – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
I use a detailed panel of data and a unique modeling specification to explore how public schoolteachers respond to the incentives embedded in North Carolina's retirement system. Like most public-sector retirement plans, North Carolina's teacher pension implicitly encourages teachers to continue working until they are eligible for their pension…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Teacher Retirement, Public School Teachers, Incentives
Miller-Adams, Michelle; Smith, Edward – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
We argue that place-based college scholarships, if designed intentionally and leveraged effectively, can foster local economic development. Since the introduction of the Kalamazoo Promise in 2005, a growing number of communities have applied the place-based approach to investments in human capital through the creation of college scholarship…
Descriptors: College Programs, Scholarships, Economic Development, Educational Policy
Miller-Adams, Michelle; Smith, Edward – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
Can place-based college scholarships stimulate local prosperity? Research suggests that Promise programs can indeed contribute to revitalizing economically distressed communities. We argue that these scholarship programs, when leveraged effectively, can spawn a host of community benefits and serve as catalysts for economic and educational…
Descriptors: College Programs, Scholarships, Enrollment, Economic Development
Bartik, Timothy J.; Hershbein, Brad – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
In the past 15 years, four-year-olds' enrollment in state-funded prekindergarten in the United States has more than doubled, with roughly one-third now enrolled. Although researchers have found that early childhood programs from decades ago had sizable benefits for students that lasted into adulthood, evidence from more recent (and less expensive)…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Preschool Children, Enrollment Trends, Program Evaluation
Stewart, Fran – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
This article highlights research in "The STEM Dilemma: Skills That Matter to Regions", which was recently published by the Upjohn Institute. The book looks at the regional workforce through the lens of the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) associated with regional occupations. This fine-grained approach uses data in the…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Economic Impact, Labor Force, Education Work Relationship
Bartik, Timothy J.; Hershbein, Brad J. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
In the past 15 years, four-year-olds' enrollment in state-funded pre-kindergarten in the United States has doubled, and advocates have pushed for further expansion. Although research has shown that pre-K programs can have important benefits, most existing studies have focused on small or state-specific programs that may not generalize to other…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Public Schools, Outcomes of Education, Standardized Tests
Erickcek, George – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
This brief report presents a 10-year cost forecast for three possible Rockford Promise Scholarship programs: (1) A program that provides full, two-year, tuition scholarships for all Rockford Public School graduates who select to attend the Rock Valley College; (2) The scholarship is available for eligible students who enroll full-time at a…
Descriptors: Costs, Scholarships, Public Schools, High School Graduates
Timmeney, Bridget; Pittelko, Brian; Miller-Adams, Michelle – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2018
This report provides a cost estimate for the first ten years of a Promise scholarship program for the Evart Public Schools (EPS) (Michigan) that would provide a flat rate ($2,500 per year for up to four years) middle dollar scholarship that covers remaining costs after Pell and TIP [Michigan Tuition Incentive Program] are awarded. The program…
Descriptors: Costs, Scholarships, Paying for College, Public Colleges
Denning, Jeffrey T. – W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 2017
Higher education has experienced many changes since the 1970s, including an increase in the price of college, an increase in student employment during college, a decrease in college completion rates, and an increase in time to degree. This paper ties these trends together by causally linking changes in financial aid with time to degree and student…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Financial Aid, Correlation, Time to Degree
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