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Showing 196 to 210 of 215 results Save | Export
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Nyström, Sofia – Vocations and Learning, 2009
This paper explores the development of professional identity as a relationship between professional and personal aspects of life. The focus is on student and novice professional psychologists' and political scientists' processes of professional identity formation in their transition from higher education to working life. Drawing on Wenger's theory…
Descriptors: Professional Identity, Psychologists, Political Science, Professional Personnel
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Emad, Gholamreza; Roth, Wolff-Michael – Vocations and Learning, 2009
Policy implementation research in general and educational policy in particular is loosely connected to policy-making processes. There is a gap particularly in the field of vocational education. This often leads to conflicts and contradictions between policy-maker objectives and end-user implementation. To avoid such a disconnect, the relation…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Policy Formation, Decision Making, Case Studies
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Cort, Pia – Vocations and Learning, 2009
This article traces the EC vocational training policy historically and describes the discursive alignments which brought the policy from a "common vocational training policy" as laid down in Article 128, in the Treaty of Rome to the Lisbon Lifelong Learning strategy. The argument is that vocational training has served as a lever for the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Policy, Lifelong Learning, Foreign Countries
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Virtanen, Anne; Tynjälä, Päivi; Collin, Kaija – Vocations and Learning, 2009
In Finnish VET, students' work experience is explicitly defined as workplace learning, instead of the practice of already learnt skills. Therefore, vocational students' learning periods in the workplace are goal-oriented, guided and assessed. This paper examines the characteristics of students' workplace learning and compares them with the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Workplace Learning, Comparative Analysis
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Berner, Boel – Vocations and Learning, 2009
The paper explores how novices in school-based vocational training make sense of computerized numerical control (CNC) machines. Based on two ethnographic studies in Swedish schools, one from the early 1980s and one from 2006, it analyses change and continuity in the cognitive, social, and emotional processes of learning how to become a machine…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Skilled Workers, Machine Tools
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Price, Oriana Milani; Scheeres, Hermine; Boud, David – Vocations and Learning, 2009
This paper takes up understandings of organisations where practices constitute and frame past and present work, as well as future work practice possibilities. Within this view, work practices, and thus organisations, are both perpetuated and varied through employees' enactments of work. Using a practice lens, we are particularly interested in the…
Descriptors: Employee Attitudes, Work Attitudes, Organizational Culture, Organizational Change
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Pilz, Matthias – Vocations and Learning, 2009
Vocational training and skills are playing an increasingly important role in the developed economies. However, both the vocational education structure and the underlying philosophy and culture of education and training vary from country to country. What is clear, though, is that employers play a crucial role in all cases; this paper explores the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Job Skills, Cultural Differences
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Taylor, Alison – Vocations and Learning, 2009
This paper looks critically at partnerships in education and training by presenting a case study of a community-level partnership aimed at promoting high school apprenticeships in Ontario Canada. The analysis maps the field of social relations within this partnership in order to reveal institutionally-based struggles and their implications for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Partnerships in Education, High School Students, Apprenticeships
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Anderson, Damon – Vocations and Learning, 2008
As the major supplier of skilled and certified labour, vocational and professional education (VPE) fuels the engine of economic growth. As such, it is directly implicated in the reproduction of productivism, the globally dominant ethos which presupposes that economic growth and paid work are permanent and necessary features of human existence,…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Professional Education, Productivity, Sustainability
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Harteis, Christian; Gruber, Hans – Vocations and Learning, 2008
This article argues that intuition is a crucial component of professional competence, and provides empirical evidence to support this claim. It was found that in most cases intuitive predictions of stock market development are better than rationally justified ones and that experts predict more precisely than novices on a descriptive data level.…
Descriptors: Expertise, Intuition, Investment, Prediction
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Hodkinson, Phil; Biesta, Gert; James, David – Vocations and Learning, 2008
This paper identifies limitations within the current literature on understanding learning. Overcoming these limitations entails replacing dualist views of learning as either individual or social, by using a theory of learning cultures and a cultural theory of learning, which articulate with each other. To do this, we argue that it is possible and…
Descriptors: Learning Theories, Holistic Approach, Heuristics, Student Development
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Nerland, Monika – Vocations and Learning, 2008
This paper examines how the knowledge culture of computer engineering--that is, the ways in which knowledge is produced, distributed, accumulated and collectively approached within this profession--serve to construct work-based learning in specific ways. Typically, the epistemic infrastructures take the form of information structures with a global…
Descriptors: Engineering, Computer Science, Workplace Learning, Epistemology
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Gartmeier, Martin; Bauer, Johannes; Gruber, Hans; Heid, Helmut – Vocations and Learning, 2008
In this paper, we critically analyze how the concept of negative knowledge contributes to the understanding of professionals' expert practice and learning. Negative knowledge is experientially acquired knowledge about what is wrong and what is to be avoided during performance in a given work situation. In terms of its theoretical foundation, the…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Professional Education, Workplace Learning, Expertise
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Vähäsantanen, Katja; Hökkä, Päivi; Eteläpelto, Anneli; Rasku-Puttonen, Helena; Littleton, Karen – Vocations and Learning, 2008
Recent studies have described professional identity as the interplay between individual agency and social context. However, we need to understand how these are intertwined in different kinds of work settings. This paper focuses on teachers' professional identity negotiations as involving the work organisation, the professional community and…
Descriptors: Professional Identity, Work Environment, Interviews, Experience
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Billett, Stephen – Vocations and Learning, 2008
Individuals' dispositions have long been held to direct and energise cognition in ways that shape how they experience and respond to events in the social world. Therefore, a consideration of these dispositions is likely to be helpful in understanding the inter-psychological processes between individual and social world that frame contemporary…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Workplace Learning, Cosmetology, Social Experience
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