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Jordan, Will J.; Cooper, Robert – Urban Education, 2003
Many black male adolescent high school students are at risk of academic failure due to complex institutional and socioeconomic factors they face within their schools and communities. Examines these challenges, highlighting such issues as socioeconomic status, social barriers, and the limited numbers of African American teachers available. Notes…
Descriptors: Black Students, Black Teachers, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Change
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Cooper, Robert; Jordan, Will J. – Urban Education, 2003
Explores the complex educational and social conditions facing African American males in public schools, highlighting the effectiveness of comprehensive school reform to overcome barriers to these students' learning (e.g, concentrated poverty, drug use, and violence). Discusses the importance of cultural relevance and teacher-student cultural…
Descriptors: Black Students, Black Teachers, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Change
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Span, Christopher M. – Urban Education, 2002
Describes two African American immersion schools in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which opened in 1990 and 1991 to serve as models for the city's public school system and effectively combat the failure of this system to successfully educate African American students. The schools signified a new direction of educational reform in the city following more…
Descriptors: Black Students, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Change, Educational History
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Danns, Dionne – Urban Education, 2002
Examines attempts by black high school student activists in Chicago in the 1960s to gain community control of their schools. Their combined efforts did not lead to decentralization, but instead resulted in more black administrators and curriculum changes, as well as increased awareness of inadequate education, lack of black administrators, lack of…
Descriptors: Activism, Black Students, Culturally Relevant Education, Educational Change
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Lytle, James H. – Urban Education, 1992
Argues that an appropriate reform agenda for urban school districts would require reform characterized by the design of client-centered, authentic respectful organizations that build from the needs and interests of students, rather than the convenience of employers or conventions of traditional schooling. (SLD)
Descriptors: Black Students, Cultural Differences, Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education
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Urban Education, 1991
The General Accounting Office (GAO) investigated the effects of educational reform on approximately 61,000 disadvantaged urban students (focusing on Black and Hispanic-American students) in 4 districts. Excerpts from GAO findings and implications of the mixed results, with overall modest gains, are provided. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Economically Disadvantaged
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Gadsden, Vivian L.; And Others – Urban Education, 1996
Examination of the social contexts and circumstances leading to the Brown versus Board of Education decision (1954) and subsequent events reveals that in spite of the promises of school desegregation, repressed learning opportunities continue for African American children. Changes brought by desegregation have been too fragmented and isolated.…
Descriptors: Black Students, Court Litigation, Desegregation Effects, Educational Change
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Cooper, Robert – Urban Education, 2000
Examines one community's efforts to fundamentally alter a high school's structure, curriculum, and instructional practices to provide greater educational opportunities for all students. The program used heterogeneous grouping in tandem with curricular and pedagogical changes. Student surveys indicated that the program was moderately successful in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Asian Americans, Black Students, Classroom Environment
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Trent, Stanley C. – Urban Education, 1992
Argues against the Bush administration's school choice proposal from historical and sociocultural perspectives. The Bush approach to education reform espouses educational excellence without addressing needs of children who are at risk of school failure. Equity for minority groups has never occurred as a by-product of a focus on excellence. (SLD)
Descriptors: Black Students, Decision Making, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Change
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Obiakor, Festus E.; And Others – Urban Education, 1993
Discusses questions of school climate and parental involvement that must be considered if general education is to assume the responsibility of educating African-American students with special needs. Practical suggestions are given for professionals deciding the proper place to educate African Americans with special needs. (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Students, Delivery Systems, Disabilities