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University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2014
Head Start has stood as the largest and longest-running early childhood care and education government program in the United States for nearly four decades--and one of the most heavily researched. Yet, despite evidence of both short- and long-term benefits, debate lingers over how effective it is at achieving its primary goal of improving the…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Early Childhood Education, School Readiness, Urban Areas
Koury, Amanda S. – University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2013
This Special Report is a summary of the author's original paper, "It's About Time: Extending Learning to Narrow the Achievement Gap." The family income of students is a consistent predictor of academic achievement across the United States, where an achievement gap between the most and least affluent students has long persisted and shows…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Extended School Year, Summer Programs
University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2012
In 2006, the University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development began implementing a multi-year school readiness project in several area schools. Evidence from both research and the field point to several key elements that foster school readiness and create pathways to school success for all children. This paper presents components of a…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, School Community Relationship, Transitional Programs
University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2011
This Special Report discusses how the Allegheny County Department of Human Services and Pittsburgh Public Schools took a major step toward closing a knowledge gap that prevents schools and human service agencies around the country from developing a deeper understanding of the children in their systems and collaborating on more effective, better…
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, Human Services, Public Schools, Holistic Approach
University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2010
This Special Report is a summary of the following publications: (1) "The Role of Home-Visiting Programs in Preventing Child Abuse and Neglect." "The Future of Children," 19(2), 119-146 (Howard and Brooks-Gun 2009); and (2) "Home Visitation and Young Children: An Approach Worth Investing In?" "Social Policy…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Home Visits, Child Development, Program Effectiveness
University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2009
Just as mathematical ability begins to form in early childhood, so, too, does the knowledge gap separating low-income children from their more affluent peers, who generally enter school with much greater math knowledge. This gap is troubling given that early deficits in mathematical knowledge can have profound implications for future learning. One…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Knowledge Level, Low Income Groups, At Risk Students
University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2009
As part of The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, the federal Head Start and Early Head Start programs received a significant increase in funding. Head Start is the longest-running program to address systemic poverty in the United States. It is also one of the most heavily researched programs in the nation. Still, debate continues…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Early Intervention, At Risk Students
Smith-Jones, Janell; Townsend, Maria Zeglen – University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2008
This report summarizes key activities and contributions and offers recommendations for project operations. The pilot project was very successful in building a solid foundation for the Early Childhood Mental Health (ECMH) Consultation Program. Practitioners and other regional stakeholders clearly indicated that the project is providing a much…
Descriptors: Young Children, Mental Health Programs, Consultation Programs, Delivery Systems
Bell, Sheila; Li, Junlei – University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2007
The purpose of this report is to listen to families about "what" mattered most to them and "how" family support has impacted their lives. The findings of this report represent a synthesis of families' voices from 8 focus groups and 35 individual interviews, conducted at centers, office meetings, and homes--with over 100 family…
Descriptors: Family Programs, Human Services, Program Effectiveness, Parent Attitudes
Zajac, Jennifer J.; DeGel, Jessica; Fish, Larry – University of Pittsburgh Office of Child Development, 2007
The focus of this evaluation study is the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Residential Treatment Curriculum [PTSD RTC]) to treat PTSD in female juvenile offenders. The overall purpose of the evaluation was to assess the implementation of the PTSD RTC at treatment facilities with female juvenile offenders and to evaluate the effect of the intervention…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Quasiexperimental Design, Residential Programs