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Hardy, Bradley – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2012
Using data linked across generations in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, I estimate the relationship between exposure to volatile income during childhood and a set of socioeconomic outcomes in adulthood. The empirical framework is an augmented intergenerational income mobility model that includes controls for income volatility. I measure income…
Descriptors: Correlation, Family Income, Socioeconomic Influences, Children
Arteaga, Irma; Heflin, Colleen; Gable, Sara – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2012
This paper exploits a source of variation in the eligibility for federal nutrition programs to identify the program effects on food insecurity. Children are eligible for the WIC [Women, Infants and Children] program until the day before they turn 61 months old. The result is an age discontinuity in program participation at the 61-month cutoff.…
Descriptors: Hunger, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Eligibility
Heflin, Colleen; Arteaga, Irma; Gable, Sara – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2012
Rates of food insecurity in households with children have significantly increased over the past decade. The majority of children, including those at risk for food insecurity, participate in some form of non-parental child care during the preschool years. To evaluate the relationship between the two phenomenon, this study investigates the effects…
Descriptors: Hunger, Food, Child Welfare, At Risk Persons
Hardy, Bradley; Hokayem, Charles; Ziliak, James P. – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2011
For parents of young children the decision to work strongly depends on the availability of affordable child care. Child care costs can take up a large portion of a family budget and may serve as an obstacle to work. In 2008 the National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACCRRA) estimated that Kentucky families recently…
Descriptors: Child Care, Grants, Tax Credits, Economic Impact
Bratter, Jenifer; Damaske, Sarah – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2010
Capturing the conditions of children of color living in single-parent families has become more complex due to the growing presence of interracial households. This analysis assesses the size and poverty status of single-female headed families housing multiracial children. Using data from the 2000 Census, we find that 9 percent of female-headed…
Descriptors: Reference Groups, Poverty, Mothers, Family (Sociological Unit)
Leach, Mark A. – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2010
Using data from the 2000 Census, this study examines the relationship between household living arrangements and economic resources among Mexican immigrant families with children. I model separately the relationships between family income and household structure and proportion of total household income contributed and household structure. The…
Descriptors: Mexicans, Immigrants, Family (Sociological Unit), Family Income
Thomas, Kevin J. A. – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2010
This study examines how familial contexts affect poverty disparities between the children of immigrant and US-born Blacks, and among Black and non-Black children of immigrants. Despite lower gross child poverty rates in immigrant than US-born Black families, accounting for differences in family structure reveals that child poverty risks among…
Descriptors: Young Children, Poverty, African Americans, Immigrants
Ziliak, James P.; Hardy, Bradley; Bollinger, Christopher – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2010
In this paper we offer new evidence on earnings and income volatility in the United States over the past four decades by using matched data from the March Current Population Survey. We find that between 1973 and 2008 family income volatility rose by 38 percent, primarily as a result of higher volatility of husbands earnings and non means-tested…
Descriptors: Family Income, Gender Differences, Family Structure, Educational Attainment
Jepsen, Christopher; Patel, Darshak; Troske, Kenneth – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2010
Policymakers are becoming increasingly concerned about the high percentage of students who attend postsecondary education without completing a degree. Researchers have studied numerous potential determinants of retention behavior for postsecondary students, such as financial aid, socioeconomic status, academic preparedness, academic and social…
Descriptors: Two Year College Students, Student Employment, Income, School Holding Power
Jepsen, Christopher – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2009
English Learners, students who are not proficient in English and speak a non-English language at home, make up more than 10 percent of the nation's K-12 student body. Achieving proficiency in English for these students is a major goal of both state and federal education policy, motivating the provision of bilingual education policies. Using data…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism, English (Second Language)
Fletcher, Jason; Tienda, Marta – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2008
This paper uses administrative data from the University of Texas-Austin to examine whether high school peer networks at college entry influence college achievement, measured by grade point average (GPA) and persistence. For each freshman cohort from 1993 through 2003 we calculate the number and ethnic makeup of college freshmen from each Texas…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Peer Relationship, High Schools, Context Effect
University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2008
The secular increase over the past several decades in the number of families where both the husband and wife work in the paid labor force, coupled with the surge in labor force participation of single mothers in the 1990s, has heightened policy focus on child care options for working parents; federal and state governments are now major players…
Descriptors: Employed Parents, Child Care, State Federal Aid, Public Policy
Cascio, Elizabeth; Gordon, Nora; Lewis, Ethan; Reber, Sarah – University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2007
An extensive literature debates the causes and consequences of the desegregation of American schools in the twentieth century. Despite the social importance of desegregation and the magnitude of the literature, we have lacked a comprehensive accounting of the basic facts of school desegregation. This paper uses newly assembled data to document…
Descriptors: Educational History, School Desegregation, Busing, School Districts
University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, 2007
The Appalachian region is one of the most persistently poor areas of the United States. A focal explanation for the weak economic performance over the years is the fact that Appalachia has long lagged behind other regions in terms of the supply of skilled workers, particularly those with higher levels of education attainment, and this lack of…
Descriptors: Salary Wage Differentials, Poverty Areas, Rural Areas, Outcomes of Education