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Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
On average, 205,000 U.S. residents report being victims of hate crimes every year, according to Department of Justice (DOJ) officials. Hate crimes, including those motivated by bias against an actual or perceived religion, can have a broader effect than other kinds of violent crimes because they target both the victim and the group the victim…
Descriptors: Crime, Social Bias, Religion, Incidence
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
In fiscal year 2018, nearly 13 million students and their families received over $122 billion in federal assistance to help them pursue higher education through programs authorized under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. the Department of Education (Education) administers these programs, and is responsible, along with…
Descriptors: Accountability, Higher Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Educational Finance
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
All tax credit scholarship (TCS) programs are state programs. States develop program policies and requirements, including establishing the roles and responsibilities of scholarship granting organizations (SGOs) and participating private schools. The President's fiscal year 2020 budget request included a proposal for federal tax credits for…
Descriptors: School Choice, Private Schools, Accountability, Tax Credits
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The Department of Education's (Education) process for obtaining Temporary Expanded Public Service Loan Forgiveness (TEPSLF) is not clear to borrowers. Established in 2007, the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program forgives federal student loans for borrowers who work for certain public service employers for at least 10 years while making…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Programs, Eligibility
Cackley, Alicia Puente – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief, and Consumer Protection Act enabled lenders to offer a rehabilitation program to private student loan borrowers who have a reported default on their credit report. The lender may remove the reported default from credit reports if the borrower meets certain conditions. Congress included a provision in statute…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Private Financial Support, Loan Default, Loan Repayment
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The Post-9/11 GI Bill is the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA's) largest educational program. It provides payments for eligible veterans to cover tuition and fees, housing and other costs while they pursue a higher education. However, for some veterans this pursuit is interrupted when the school they attend unexpectedly closes. This testimony…
Descriptors: Veterans, Veterans Education, Federal Legislation, School Closing
Ortiz, Anna Maria – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) play an important and unique role in the higher education system and in their local and regional economies. Small Business Administration (SBA) works with many colleges and universities to provide entrepreneurial training and counseling on campuses. SBA is also part of a long-standing White…
Descriptors: Black Colleges, Small Businesses, Entrepreneurship, Business Administration Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
As the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported in February 2019, the Department of Education's (Education) data suggest that the restraint and seclusion of K-12 public school students is rare nationwide, though it disproportionately affects students with disabilities and boys in general. In broad terms, Education defines restraint as…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools, Discipline, Punishment
Emrey-Arras, Melissa; Bagdoyan, Seto J. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
As of September 2018, almost half of the $859 billion in outstanding federal Direct Loans was being repaid by borrowers using income driven repayment (IDR) plans. Prior U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) work found that while these plans may ease the burden of student loan debt, they can carry high costs for the federal government. This…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Income
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Roughly 270,000 school-aged youth were in foster care at the end of fiscal year 2017. Youth in foster care may change schools frequently, which can negatively affect their academic achievement. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), enacted in 2015, reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and included provisions to improve…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Student Mobility, At Risk Students, Student Placement
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program was established in 2007 and forgives borrowers' remaining federal student loan balances after they have made at least 10 years of qualifying loan payments while working in public service. Starting in September 2017, the first borrowers potentially became eligible for the PSLF program and began…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Federal Aid, Public Service, Loan Repayment
Goodwin, Gretta L. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Incarcerated students are generally prohibited from receiving Pell grants, which provide need-based federal financial aid to low-income undergraduate students. However, Education has the authority to waive specific statutory or regulatory requirements for providing federal student aid at schools approved to participate in its experiments.…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Federal Aid
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Education refers to school choice as the opportunity for students and their families to create high-quality, personalized paths for learning that best meet the students' needs. For Indian students, school choice can be a means of accessing instructional programs that reflect and preserve their languages, cultures, and histories. For many years,…
Descriptors: American Indian Students, Alaska Natives, American Indian Education, Access to Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The U.S. Department of Education (Education) plays a key role in supporting educational opportunities for K-12 students, including awarding grants and overseeing compliance with federal education laws. Over the past decade, Education's grant awards have generally increased in number and size. Using Education budget data, it was determined that in…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Program Evaluation, Federal Programs, Public Agencies
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
About 13 percent of children aged 3 through 21 enrolled in public schools received special education services in school year 2015-16, and about 3 percent of children from birth through age 2 received special education services. Concerns about the difficulties identifying and evaluating children for special education have been raised by the media,…
Descriptors: Special Education, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Disability Identification
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