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Curda, Elizabeth H. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Veterans Affairs (VA) offers education benefits to veterans with disabilities through the GI Bill, VA's largest education program, and Veteran Readiness and Employment (VR&E), which helps veterans with service-connected disabilities re-enter the workforce. Each offers distinct features that may better serve veterans depending on their…
Descriptors: Veterans Education, Disabilities, Reentry Workers, Employment Services
Rosenberg, Michelle – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Studies have shown the United States faces a shortage of physicians, making it increasingly difficult for people to access needed health care. Physicians need graduate medical education (GME) training before they can practice medicine independently and often practice in the same geographic area as their training. The vast majority of federal…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Hospitals
Cackley, Alicia Puente – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
The financial services industry is highly dependent on technology and more than one-fifth of industry employees have Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) degrees. Women continue to be underrepresented in management positions in the financial services industry and in STEM degree programs. As a result, some financial services firms have…
Descriptors: Finance Occupations, Financial Services, STEM Education, Females
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
A for-profit college may convert to nonprofit status for a variety of reasons, such as wanting to align its status and mission. However, in some cases, former owners or other insiders could improperly benefit from the conversion, which is impermissible under the Internal Revenue Code and Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. This…
Descriptors: Proprietary Schools, Private Colleges, Taxes, Federal Legislation
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
When a college closes, it can derail the education of many students, leaving them with loans but no degree. Those who cannot complete their education may be eligible to have their federal student loans forgiven through a "closed school discharge" from the Department of Education (Education), but this process has changed in recent years.…
Descriptors: Colleges, School Closing, Paying for College, Student Loan Programs
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Charter schools are public schools established under charters, typically with state or local entities. In return for more flexibility and autonomy, charter schools must meet specific accountability standards. This briefing from the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) describes: (1) the challenges charter schools face when attempting to…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Charter Schools, Educational Facilities, Accountability
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) requires states to have statewide accountability systems to help provide all children significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education, and to close educational achievement gaps. These systems must meet certain federal requirements, but states have some discretion in…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Improvement, State Programs, Resource Allocation
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Approximately 650,000 military dependent children in the U.S. face various challenges that may affect their schooling, according to Department of Defense (DOD). The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine the schooling options available to school-age dependents of active-duty servicemembers. This report describes: (1) available…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, School Choice, Accountability, Public Schools
Sherman, Tina Won; Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
At a time when student loan debt continues to mount for many, the Public Student Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program--established in 2007 and administered by Education--is intended to encourage individuals to pursue careers in public service. Senate Report 116-48 included a provision for the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to study the…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Loan Repayment, Program Descriptions, Public Service
Clowers, A. Nicole – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Physician graduate medical education (GME) provides the clinical education to practice medicine independently in the U.S. Agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) fund GME, including over $15 billion from Medicare in 2018 (the latest year for which data were available). To be eligible for federal funding, GME programs…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Graduate Students, Medical Students
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Rising college costs have outpaced federal grant aid and placed more of the financial burden on students and their families. Children's Savings Account (CSA) programs help families, especially lower-income families, save for college--and other postsecondary education--by providing financial contributions and possibly other supports. A Senate…
Descriptors: Paying for College, Money Management, Low Income Groups, Program Effectiveness
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
A for-profit college may convert to nonprofit status for a variety of reasons, such as wanting to align its status and mission. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine for-profit college conversions. This report reviews what is known about insider involvement in conversions and to what extent the Internal Revenue Service…
Descriptors: Proprietary Schools, Organizational Change, Private Colleges, Public Agencies
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
The Department of Education (Education) gives grants to schools and organizations that provide disadvantaged students with services to help them attend college. These eight grant programs are collectively known as "TRIO," named for the original three programs. Congress provides over $1 billion each year to these programs, but Education…
Descriptors: Grants, Access to Education, Higher Education, Disadvantaged Youth
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) are required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to provide services for eligible students with disabilities, such as learning disabilities or health impairments. Services for these students are listed in individualized education programs (IEP). The Department of…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Students, Students with Disabilities, Access to Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
In addition to the potential loss of life, school shootings can evoke feelings of profound fear and anxiety that disturb a community's sense of safety and security. Questions have been raised about whether schools' approaches to addressing student behavior are a factor in school shootings. These approaches include discipline that removes the…
Descriptors: Violence, Weapons, Elementary Secondary Education, School Safety
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