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US Government Accountability Office, 2005
The Department of Defense (DOD) operates 59 elementary and secondary schools serving over a dozen military bases in the continental United States. Periodically, questions have been raised concerning the continuing need for such schools. In 2002, DOD commissioned the Donahue Institute of the University of Massachusetts to examine the potential for…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Military Personnel, Educational Policy, School Closing
Shaul, Marnie S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
The federal government requires states that receive funds from the Child Care and Development Fund to establish basic health and safety requirements. The federal government also requires states receiving federal funds for child care to have procedures in place to ensure that providers being paid with grant dollars comply with the applicable safety…
Descriptors: Child Care, Safety, Health, Law Enforcement
US Government Accountability Office, 2004
The No Child Left Behind Amendment (NCLBA ) established new safeguards about the use of student data for marketing or selling purposes. Specifically, NCLBA amended the Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) of 1994 addressing pupil privacy by requiring school districts to develop a policy on the collection, disclosure, and use of personal…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Federal Legislation, Lunch Programs, Marketing
Hickok, Eugene W. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
The school choice provision of the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) of 2001 applies to schools that receive Title I funds and that have not met state performance goals for 2 consecutive years, including goals set before the enactment of NCLBA. Students in such schools must be offered the choice to transfer to another school in the district. The…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, School Choice, Federal Government, Government Role
US Government Accountability Office, 2004
Head Start, created in 1965, is designed to prepare low-income preschool children for school by providing a comprehensive set of early child development services primarily through community based organizations. Over the last decade there have been a number of changes in Head Start's operating environment, including a decrease in the number of poor…
Descriptors: Child Development, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Enrollment Rate
Bellis, David D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
This study examined the extent to which community colleges and technical schools are involved in remedial education and workforce training efforts as well as academic preparation activities; how state and federal funding support these academic and training efforts; and what is known about schools' efforts to measure outcomes, including the rates…
Descriptors: Public Colleges, Financial Support, Labor Force, Job Skills
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
In 2003, the Department of Education's Office of Federal Student Aid (FSA) managed about $60 billion in new financial aid. In 1998, the Congress designated FSA as a performance-based organization. In so doing, it specified purposes for the agency, such as to reduce program costs and increase accountability of its officials, and provided…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Student Financial Aid, Federal Aid, Federal Government
Shaul, Marnie S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
As part of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), Congress authorized a school-based mentoring grant program. This study examined: the basic elements, policies, and procedures of successful mentoring programs; key characteristics of NCLB-funded mentoring efforts (the extent to which they had the basic elements, policies, and procedures of…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Mentors, Federal Government
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
Because of concerns about women's access to opportunities in the sciences, this report addresses: how the Department of Education (Education), Department of Energy (Energy), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and National Science Foundation (NSF) ensure that federal grant recipient institutions comply with Title IX in math,…
Descriptors: Women Scientists, Gender Issues, Females, Federal Legislation
Shaul, Marnie S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
This report addresses issues related to highly qualified special education teachers, examining: state certification requirements, including use of alternative certification programs, for special educators and how they relate to No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA) requirements; factors that facilitate or impede state efforts to ensure that special…
Descriptors: Special Education, Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Certification, Federal Legislation
Shaul, Marnie S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
For nearly 40 years, the federal government has helped provide early childhood development for children of low-income families through Head Start and other programs. This study examined how Georgia, New Jersey, New York, and Oklahoma expanded their preschool programs for at-risk students to serve more children, focusing on: how programs were…
Descriptors: State Programs, Young Children, Educationally Disadvantaged, Low Income Groups
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
This study investigated: (1) differences between the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) and William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program (FDLP) consolidation loans and borrowers; (2) the extent to which borrowers with student loans under one program obtain consolidation loans under the other; and (3) how FFELP and FDLP borrower and loan…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Programs, Costs
Kingsbury, Nancy R. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
To address the potential for estimating the costs of educating illegal alien schoolchildren, this report: identifies major government sources of relevant data; describes a Census Bureau plan for developing new information; and outlines cost-estimation approaches. Data were collected through: a survey of 20 states; outreach through associations of…
Descriptors: Undocumented Immigrants, Students, Public Education, Enrollment
Shaul, Marnie S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
This study investigated how the Department of Education (Education) monitored state compliance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) for children age 3-21 years, the extent and nature of noncompliance, and how Education has ensured that noncompliance is resolved once identified. Researchers analyzed Education monitoring…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Compliance (Legal)
Hickok, Eugene W. – US Government Accountability Office, 2004
Congress has raised concerns about difficulties rural school districts face implementing the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLBA). This report describes: key challenges rural states and districts face; strategies rural districts have developed; expenditures and resources related to rural districts? compliance; and guidance and assistance from the…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Rural Schools, School Districts
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