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Scott, George A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2011
The U.S. Department of Education (Education) established the Race to the Top (RTT) grant fund to encourage states to support school reform efforts. In 2010, Education awarded 12 RTT grants totaling nearly $4 billion, making RTT the largest competitive grant fund ever administered by Education. Individual grantee awards ranged from $75 million to…
Descriptors: Grants, Federal Aid, Educational Change, Public Education
Scott, George A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2011
To respond to Congress' interest in student outcomes at different types of schools, this report addresses the following questions: (1) What does research show about graduation rates, employment outcomes, student loan debts, and default rates for students at for-profit schools compared to those at nonprofit and public schools, taking differences in…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Graduation Rate, Academic Achievement, Licensing Examinations (Professions)
Scott, George A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2011
Standardized tests are often required to gain admission into postsecondary schools or to obtain professional certifications. Federal disability laws, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) require entities that administer these tests to provide accommodations, such as extended time or changes in test format, to students with…
Descriptors: Testing Accommodations, Student Rights, Law Enforcement, Compliance (Legal)
US Government Accountability Office, 2011
U.S. compacts with the freely associated states (FAS)--the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Marshall Islands, and Palau--permit FAS citizens to migrate to the United States and its territories (U.S. areas) without regard to visa and labor certification requirements. Thousands of FAS citizens have migrated to U.S. areas (compact…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Migration, Immigrants, Costs
Iritani, Katherine M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
In 1992, Congress banned schools participating in federal student aid programs from paying commissions, bonuses, or other financial incentives to individuals based on their success in enrolling students or securing their financial aid. The ban applies to all postsecondary schools, including private for-profit, public, and private nonprofit…
Descriptors: Incentives, Student Financial Aid, Student Recruitment, Enrollment Management
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
Between fiscal years 2004 and 2009, Congress appropriated nearly $190 million in federal payments for school improvement to the District of Columbia (D.C.). This includes $85 million to the state education office--currently the Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE)--to expand public charter schools and $105 million to D.C. Public…
Descriptors: Expenditures, Charter Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Change
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
The number of charter schools is growing, spurred by demand for innovation and federal incentives, such as the Race to the Top Fund, which favors states supportive of charter schools. However, states often define charter schools differently than traditional public schools. Some charter schools operate as a school district, while others are part of…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Federal Aid, Grants, Eligibility
Ashby, Cornelia M.; Jones, Yvonne D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
This report responds to two mandates for GAO under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). First, it is the latest report on the uses of and accountability for Recovery Act funds in selected states and localities. Second, it comments on recipients' reports of the jobs created and retained. The Recovery Act provided $2.1…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
Kutz, Gregory D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
Prior GAO (US Government Accountability Office) testimonies have described cases of physical abuse of children at youth residential treatment programs and public and private schools. However, children are also vulnerable to sexual abuse. A 2004 Department of Education report estimated that millions of students are subjected to sexual misconduct by…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Sexual Abuse, Elementary Secondary Education, Criminals
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
Educational achievement of students can be negatively affected by their changing schools often. The recent economic downturn, with foreclosures and homelessness, may be increasing student mobility. To inform Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) reauthorization, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked: (1) What are…
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Homeless People, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Programs
Ashby, Cornelia M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act) provides $70.3 billion for three education programs--the State Fiscal Stabilization Fund (SFSF), Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Title I), and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The Act requires recipients to be accountable for how these funds…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Grants, Research Reports, Federal Legislation
Needham, John K. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
In fiscal year 2007, the majority of the Department of Defense's (DOD) basic research obligations were provided to higher education institutions. DOD reimburses these institutions for both direct and indirect costs for research. Two federal agencies, DOD and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), negotiate indirect cost rates used to…
Descriptors: Colleges, Public Agencies, Costs, Federal Aid
Iritani, Katherine M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
Postsecondary education plays an important role in producing a skilled workforce able to compete in the global economy. Some stakeholders have suggested that collecting information on graduates' employment outcomes--whether they are employed in their field of study, for example--will provide better information to help assess the impact of a…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, College Graduates, Employment, Student Records
Kutz, Gregory D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
Through the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) subsidizes child care for low-income families whose parents work or attend education or training programs. In fiscal year 2009, the CCDF budget was $7 billion. States are responsible for determining program priorities and overseeing funds.…
Descriptors: Human Services, State Programs, Criminals, Child Care Centers
Scott, George A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
In this report, the author and his colleagues respond to a mandate in the Higher Education Opportunity Act requiring GAO (Government Accountability Office) to study the feasibility of developing a national clearinghouse of federal and private student loans on the Department of Education's (Education) Web site. They addressed the following…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Federal Government, Internet, Student Financial Aid
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