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Jacqueline M. Nowicki – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
In 2021-2022, Head Start served nearly 790,000 young children, primarily from low-income families. However, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) estimates that far more children are eligible than can be served due to limited resources, heightening the importance of targeting services effectively. House Report 117-96 includes a…
Descriptors: Poverty, Enrollment Trends, Low Income Students, Social Services
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
In today's interconnected world, many career fields--such as diplomacy, national security, and business--need individuals with knowledge about world languages and cultures. To address these areas of needed expertise--both at the federal level as well as in the education, business, and nonprofit sectors--the Higher Education Act of 1965, as…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Employment Potential, Grants
Farrell, Brenda S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
Since its inception in 1993, the National Guard Youth Challenge Program has produced over 200,000 graduates across dozens of sites located in the states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Currently, the program operates 39 sites. House Report 117-88, accompanying the Department of Defense Appropriations Bill for Fiscal Year 2022, included…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Armed Forces, At Risk Students, Program Implementation
Emrey-Arras, Melissa; Clark, Cheryl E.; Evans, Lawrance L., Jr. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Over the last three decades, the Direct Loan program has grown in size and complexity, with almost $1.4 trillion in outstanding federal student loans. The Direct Loan program provides financial assistance to students and their parents to help pay for postsecondary education. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review changes…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Student Financial Aid, Federal Programs, Federal Aid
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
About half of the more than $1 trillion in outstanding federal student Direct Loans are being repaid by borrowers using IDR plans. Some borrowers in IDR plans are now potentially eligible for forgiveness of their remaining loan balances after 20 or 25 years of payments. GAO was asked to review IDR forgiveness. This report examines: (1) how many…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Student Financial Aid, Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment
Morris, Steve D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
USDA helps millions of children from low-income households access healthy meals by purchasing food, including seafood, for the NSLP. USDA-purchased foods represent about 15 to 20 percent of the food served in the NSLP. According to the DGA, programs, such as the NSLP, can play an essential role in providing access to healthy meals. This can help…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Food, Nutrition, Government Role
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
When a college closes, it can derail the education of many students, leaving them with loans but no degree. Those who cannot complete their education may be eligible to have their federal student loans forgiven through a "closed school discharge" from the Department of Education (Education), but this process has changed in recent years.…
Descriptors: Colleges, School Closing, Paying for College, Student Loan Programs
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
The Department of Education (Education) gives grants to schools and organizations that provide disadvantaged students with services to help them attend college. These eight grant programs are collectively known as "TRIO," named for the original three programs. Congress provides over $1 billion each year to these programs, but Education…
Descriptors: Grants, Access to Education, Higher Education, Disadvantaged Youth
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
More than 260 presidentially-declared major disasters have occurred since 2017, affecting every state and several U.S. territories, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Many of these natural disasters have had devastating effects, including rendering K-12 school facilities unusable for extended periods of time. These…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Elementary Secondary Education, School Closing
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
American Indian and Alaska Native students enrolled in public schools have performed consistently below other students on national assessments from 2005-2019. The Johnson-O'Malley (JOM) program provides academic and cultural supports, through contracts, to meet the specialized and unique educational needs of American Indian and Alaska Native…
Descriptors: American Indian Students, American Indian Education, Public Schools, Alaska Natives
Goodwin, Gretta L. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for managing the care and custody of approximately 175,000 federal inmates--an estimated 20 percent of whom have been diagnosed with a substance use disorder. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review BOP's efforts to provide drug treatment to federal inmates. This report (1)…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons, Clinical Diagnosis, Substance Abuse
Larin, Kathryn A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Each year, millions of children age 5 and under receive publicly funded early care and education services. Federal appropriations for Head Start and the Child Care and Development Fund were $9.8 and $8.1 billion respectively in fiscal year 2018. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to identify and describe all state early care and…
Descriptors: Child Care, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education, Educational Finance
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Student parents face many challenges, including paying for child care, that can make it difficult for them to complete a degree. The federal government supports student parents through Education's Child Care Access Means Parents in School (CCAMPIS) program, which provides colleges funding for child care services, and federal student aid, which can…
Descriptors: Child Care, Parents, Student Financial Aid, Federal Aid
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The Department of Education's (Education) process for obtaining Temporary Expanded Public Service Loan Forgiveness (TEPSLF) is not clear to borrowers. Established in 2007, the Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program forgives federal student loans for borrowers who work for certain public service employers for at least 10 years while making…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Programs, Eligibility
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
The Post-9/11 GI Bill is the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA's) largest educational program. It provides payments for eligible veterans to cover tuition and fees, housing and other costs while they pursue a higher education. However, for some veterans this pursuit is interrupted when the school they attend unexpectedly closes. This testimony…
Descriptors: Veterans, Veterans Education, Federal Legislation, School Closing
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