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Farb, Jessica – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
Each year in the U.S., hundreds of individuals die from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth, and tens of thousands experience unexpected outcomes such as heart failure. In 2022, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported that research showed more than half of rural counties lacked hospital-based services for pregnant…
Descriptors: Obstetrics, Birth, Mothers, Health Services
Cruz Cain, Marisol – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
The Department of Education's (Education's) Office of Federal Student Aid (FSA) initiated the Next Gen program in 2017. Next Gen's purpose was to modernize the systems and processes that students, parents, borrowers, and school partners use to apply for, administer, and/or process federal student aid. This report examines: (1) the status of FSA's…
Descriptors: Information Technology, Student Financial Aid, Best Practices, Planning
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Senate Report 117-39 and House Report 117-118 include provisions for Government Accountability Office (GAO) to assess professional learning at the Department of Defense Education Activity (DODEA) schools. This report describes: DODEA's professional learning approach, results of DODEA teacher surveys, and how DODEA has addressed barriers teachers…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Military Schools, Military Training, Military Service
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
This report examines: (1) the extent to which veterans pursue STEM degrees using Veterans Affairs (VA) education benefits; (2) challenges these veterans face in obtaining a STEM degree; and (3) how VA administers the Rogers STEM scholarship. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) analyzed VA administrative data and interviewed officials…
Descriptors: Veterans Education, Veterans, STEM Education, Barriers
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted learning for millions of students, educators, and families who had to navigate modified in-person and virtual schooling, often in difficult circumstances. The pandemic's effects continue to reverberate across the nation and produce challenges for schools that will likely be felt for years to come. In many respects,…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Educational Strategies, Federal Aid
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to reverberate across the nation, for millions of students, educators, and families, the current school year is rife with challenges. The long-term impact of the disruptions of the last two years on student enrollment and attendance remains to be seen, particularly for students with whom schools have lost…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Attendance, Attendance Patterns, COVID-19
Morris, Steve D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
USDA helps millions of children from low-income households access healthy meals by purchasing food, including seafood, for the NSLP. USDA-purchased foods represent about 15 to 20 percent of the food served in the NSLP. According to the DGA, programs, such as the NSLP, can play an essential role in providing access to healthy meals. This can help…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Food, Nutrition, Government Role
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
For years, parents and policymakers have raised concerns about teacher shortages. These concerns escalated during the COVID-19 pandemic, amid reports of teachers leaving the profession, fewer new teachers entering, and schools struggling to hire teachers. The Explanatory Statement accompanying the Further Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2020…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher Shortage, Government Role
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
National reports have raised concerns about the physical accessibility of public school facilities for people with disabilities. These facilities serve important roles as schools, voting locations, and emergency shelters, among other things. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine the physical accessibility of public school…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Students with Disabilities, Public Schools, Barriers
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, almost all school districts rapidly shifted to distance learning in spring of the 2019-2020 school year. This shift laid bare both the logistical and instructional challenges of distance learning, particularly for English learners and students with disabilities, both of whom have faced…
Descriptors: Distance Education, Elementary Secondary Education, English Language Learners, Students with Disabilities
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
More than 260 presidentially-declared major disasters have occurred since 2017, affecting every state and several U.S. territories, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Many of these natural disasters have had devastating effects, including rendering K-12 school facilities unusable for extended periods of time. These…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Elementary Secondary Education, School Closing
Goodwin, Gretta L. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Federal and other studies have noted that exposure to violence and substance abuse make Native American youth susceptible to becoming involved with the justice system. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine federal and tribal efforts to address juvenile delinquency and the barriers tribes face in doing so. This report…
Descriptors: American Indians, Delinquency, Youth, Violence
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Roughly 270,000 school-aged youth were in foster care at the end of fiscal year 2017. Youth in foster care may change schools frequently, which can negatively affect their academic achievement. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), enacted in 2015, reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 and included provisions to improve…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Student Mobility, At Risk Students, Student Placement
Cosgrove, James – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Members of Congress and others have questioned whether expanding the scope of the Medicare graduate medical education (GME) program to include nurse practitioners (NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) could help mitigate the effects of a physician shortage in the United States. A Senate Committee on Appropriations report asked the US Government…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, Allied Health Personnel, Nurses, Physicians
Curda, Elizabeth H. – US Government Accountability Office, 2018
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) requires states to reserve at least 15 percent of their total State Vocational Rehabilitation Services program funds to provide pre-employment transition services to help students with disabilities transition from school to work. The U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Vocational Rehabilitation, Financial Support, State Aid
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