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Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Many of the Bureau of Indian Education's (BIE) 183 schools are located in remote tribal lands that faced extraordinary challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic and continue to experience ongoing effects. Congress appropriated about $1.5 billion to help BIE and its schools respond to the pandemic. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO)…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Educational Finance, Expenditures, Accountability
Cheryl E. Clark; Melissa Emrey-Arras; Robert F. Dacey – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Over the last 3 decades, the Direct Loan program has grown in size and complexity, with over $1.3 trillion in outstanding loans as of September 2023. This program provides financial assistance to help students and their parents pay for postsecondary education. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review issues related to…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Risk, Costs, Guidance
Jacqueline M. Nowicki – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
In 2021-2022, Head Start served nearly 790,000 young children, primarily from low-income families. However, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) estimates that far more children are eligible than can be served due to limited resources, heightening the importance of targeting services effectively. House Report 117-96 includes a…
Descriptors: Poverty, Enrollment Trends, Low Income Students, Social Services
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Charter schools are public schools established under charters, typically with state or local entities. In return for more flexibility and autonomy, charter schools must meet specific accountability standards. This briefing from the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) describes: (1) the challenges charter schools face when attempting to…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Charter Schools, Educational Facilities, Accountability
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) requires states to have statewide accountability systems to help provide all children significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education, and to close educational achievement gaps. These systems must meet certain federal requirements, but states have some discretion in…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Improvement, State Programs, Resource Allocation
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Approximately 650,000 military dependent children in the U.S. face various challenges that may affect their schooling, according to Department of Defense (DOD). The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine the schooling options available to school-age dependents of active-duty servicemembers. This report describes: (1) available…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, School Choice, Accountability, Public Schools
Sherman, Tina Won; Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
At a time when student loan debt continues to mount for many, the Public Student Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) program--established in 2007 and administered by Education--is intended to encourage individuals to pursue careers in public service. Senate Report 116-48 included a provision for the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to study the…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Loan Repayment, Program Descriptions, Public Service
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) are required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to provide services for eligible students with disabilities, such as learning disabilities or health impairments. Services for these students are listed in individualized education programs (IEP). The Department of…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Students, Students with Disabilities, Access to Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Public school facilities primarily serve an educational role, and they also serve a civic role as voting places and emergency shelters. School districts collectively spend tens of billions of dollars each year on facilities construction needs at the nearly 100,000 K-12 public schools nationwide. About half (an estimated 54 percent) of public…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Facilities, School Districts, Kindergarten
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
American Indian and Alaska Native students enrolled in public schools have performed consistently below other students on national assessments from 2005-2019. The Johnson-O'Malley (JOM) program provides academic and cultural supports, through contracts, to meet the specialized and unique educational needs of American Indian and Alaska Native…
Descriptors: American Indian Students, American Indian Education, Public Schools, Alaska Natives
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
States use their accountability systems to identify low-performing schools, which can receive added support and are expected to improve. Alternative schools serve students whose needs are not met in a regular school. They often serve at-risk students who are struggling academically or behaviorally. Given this unique population, the Government…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Assessment, Accountability, Nontraditional Education
Goodwin, Gretta L. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for managing the care and custody of approximately 175,000 federal inmates--an estimated 20 percent of whom have been diagnosed with a substance use disorder. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review BOP's efforts to provide drug treatment to federal inmates. This report (1)…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons, Clinical Diagnosis, Substance Abuse
Nowicki, Jacqueline – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Every 2 years, Education requires nearly all school districts to report incidents of restraint and seclusion. Generally, restraint is restricting a student's ability to move, and seclusion is confining them alone in a space they cannot leave. The House Committee on Appropriations' explanatory statement accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations…
Descriptors: Discipline, Behavior Modification, Public Schools, School Districts
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
In fiscal year 2018, nearly 13 million students and their families received over $122 billion in federal assistance to help them pursue higher education through programs authorized under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended. the Department of Education (Education) administers these programs, and is responsible, along with…
Descriptors: Accountability, Higher Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Educational Finance
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
All tax credit scholarship (TCS) programs are state programs. States develop program policies and requirements, including establishing the roles and responsibilities of scholarship granting organizations (SGOs) and participating private schools. The President's fiscal year 2020 budget request included a proposal for federal tax credits for…
Descriptors: School Choice, Private Schools, Accountability, Tax Credits
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