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Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Many of the Bureau of Indian Education's (BIE) 183 schools are located in remote tribal lands that faced extraordinary challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic and continue to experience ongoing effects. Congress appropriated about $1.5 billion to help BIE and its schools respond to the pandemic. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO)…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, Educational Finance, Expenditures, Accountability
Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in educational programs that receive federal financial assistance, including college athletics programs. Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is responsible for enforcing Title IX by investigating complaints, negotiating agreements with colleges to address concerns, and monitoring agreements. US…
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), College Athletics, Gender Discrimination, Student Athletes
Cheryl E. Clark; Melissa Emrey-Arras; Robert F. Dacey – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Over the last 3 decades, the Direct Loan program has grown in size and complexity, with over $1.3 trillion in outstanding loans as of September 2023. This program provides financial assistance to help students and their parents pay for postsecondary education. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review issues related to…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Risk, Costs, Guidance
Asif Khan – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
A committee report accompanying a national defense authorization bill for fiscal year 2022 includes a provision for the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to review the Department of Defense's (DOD's) payroll system for overseas DOD Education Activity employees. This report: (1) describes the status of DOD's efforts to address auditors' prior…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Federal Government, Military Training, Compensation (Remuneration)
Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Veterans who received technical training in the military may be well suited to pursue degrees in STEM. The Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship provides up to $30,000 to assist veterans with continuing qualifying STEM programs after they exhaust their Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits. The Harry W. Colmery Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2017…
Descriptors: Veterans, Veterans Education, Military Training, STEM Education
Jacqueline M. Nowicki – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
In 2021-2022, Head Start served nearly 790,000 young children, primarily from low-income families. However, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) estimates that far more children are eligible than can be served due to limited resources, heightening the importance of targeting services effectively. House Report 117-96 includes a…
Descriptors: Poverty, Enrollment Trends, Low Income Students, Social Services
Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) play a prominent role in the nation's higher education system. For example, 574 HSIs enrolled over 2 million Hispanic students in the 2021-2022 school year, representing 60 percent of all Hispanic students in college. Like most colleges, HSIs must continue to invest in their facilities and digital…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Minority Serving Institutions, Higher Education, Educational Needs
Larin, Kathryn A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) administers the school meal programs that provide nutritious, lowcost meals to about 30 million children each day, according to USDA fiscal year 2019 data. School food authorities participating in the National School Lunch Program or the School Breakfast Program must comply…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Breakfast Programs, Food, Purchasing
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
In today's interconnected world, many career fields--such as diplomacy, national security, and business--need individuals with knowledge about world languages and cultures. To address these areas of needed expertise--both at the federal level as well as in the education, business, and nonprofit sectors--the Higher Education Act of 1965, as…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Employment Potential, Grants
Farb, Jessica – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
Each year in the U.S., hundreds of individuals die from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth, and tens of thousands experience unexpected outcomes such as heart failure. In 2022, the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported that research showed more than half of rural counties lacked hospital-based services for pregnant…
Descriptors: Obstetrics, Birth, Mothers, Health Services
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
In 2019-20, over 4.6 million students attended private school. Many are eligible for equitable services--such as tutoring--under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). These federally funded services provided by school districts offer critical learning supports at private schools that opt to have their students receive them. ESEA…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, School Districts
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
The Department of Education Charter Schools Program (CSP) provides grants to open or expand charter schools. Enrollment in charter schools that received CSP grants grew from 213,576 to 1,380,530 students from school years 2006-07 to 2020-21. This report examines (1) enrollment growth at new charter schools that received CSP grants compared to…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Grants, Enrollment Trends
Farrell, Brenda S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
Since its inception in 1993, the National Guard Youth Challenge Program has produced over 200,000 graduates across dozens of sites located in the states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Currently, the program operates 39 sites. House Report 117-88, accompanying the Department of Defense Appropriations Bill for Fiscal Year 2022, included…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Armed Forces, At Risk Students, Program Implementation
Hinchman, David B. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic forced schools across the nation to increase their reliance on IT to deliver educational instruction to students. This amplified the vulnerability of K-12 schools to potentially serious cyberattacks. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review cybersecurity in K-12 schools. The objectives of this report…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Computer Security, Information Security, Government Role
Emrey-Arras, Melissa; Clark, Cheryl E.; Evans, Lawrance L., Jr. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Over the last three decades, the Direct Loan program has grown in size and complexity, with almost $1.4 trillion in outstanding federal student loans. The Direct Loan program provides financial assistance to students and their parents to help pay for postsecondary education. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review changes…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Student Financial Aid, Federal Programs, Federal Aid
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