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Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in educational programs that receive federal financial assistance, including college athletics programs. Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is responsible for enforcing Title IX by investigating complaints, negotiating agreements with colleges to address concerns, and monitoring agreements. US…
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), College Athletics, Gender Discrimination, Student Athletes
Cheryl E. Clark; Melissa Emrey-Arras; Robert F. Dacey – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Over the last 3 decades, the Direct Loan program has grown in size and complexity, with over $1.3 trillion in outstanding loans as of September 2023. This program provides financial assistance to help students and their parents pay for postsecondary education. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review issues related to…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Risk, Costs, Guidance
Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Veterans who received technical training in the military may be well suited to pursue degrees in STEM. The Edith Nourse Rogers STEM Scholarship provides up to $30,000 to assist veterans with continuing qualifying STEM programs after they exhaust their Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits. The Harry W. Colmery Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2017…
Descriptors: Veterans, Veterans Education, Military Training, STEM Education
Melissa Emrey-Arras – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) play a prominent role in the nation's higher education system. For example, 574 HSIs enrolled over 2 million Hispanic students in the 2021-2022 school year, representing 60 percent of all Hispanic students in college. Like most colleges, HSIs must continue to invest in their facilities and digital…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Minority Serving Institutions, Higher Education, Educational Needs
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
In today's interconnected world, many career fields--such as diplomacy, national security, and business--need individuals with knowledge about world languages and cultures. To address these areas of needed expertise--both at the federal level as well as in the education, business, and nonprofit sectors--the Higher Education Act of 1965, as…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Employment Potential, Grants
Emrey-Arras, Melissa; Bagdoyan, Seto J. – US Government Accountability Office, 2023
In August 2022, the Department of Education announced that, to address the heightened risk of delinquency and default caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, it would provide up to $20,000 of student loan debt relief to borrowers who met certain income thresholds. Borrowers eligible for this relief were to receive up to the full $20,000 in relief if they…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Deception, Risk, Loan Repayment
Emrey-Arras, Melissa; Clark, Cheryl E.; Evans, Lawrance L., Jr. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Over the last three decades, the Direct Loan program has grown in size and complexity, with almost $1.4 trillion in outstanding federal student loans. The Direct Loan program provides financial assistance to students and their parents to help pay for postsecondary education. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review changes…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Student Financial Aid, Federal Programs, Federal Aid
Farrell, Brenda S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
The William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 included a provision for the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) to report on equal opportunity claims, climate surveys, and programs to address climate issues at the military service academies. Specifically, this report addresses: (1) the extent to which…
Descriptors: Military Service, Military Training, Organizational Climate, Equal Opportunities (Jobs)
Gianopoulos, Kimberly – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Over 2 million foreign students and scholars studied at U.S. universities in 2019, in many cases contributing to U.S. research. The U.S. government implements export controls to, among other things, mitigate the risk of foreign students and scholars obtaining controlled and sensitive information that could benefit foreign adversaries. The…
Descriptors: Universities, College Students, Foreign Students, International Trade
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
This report examines: (1) the extent to which veterans pursue STEM degrees using Veterans Affairs (VA) education benefits; (2) challenges these veterans face in obtaining a STEM degree; and (3) how VA administers the Rogers STEM scholarship. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) analyzed VA administrative data and interviewed officials…
Descriptors: Veterans Education, Veterans, STEM Education, Barriers
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Almost three-quarters of the nation's college students were enrolled in an education program offered at least partially online in 2020. Some colleges have contracted with third parties, known as OPMs, to help them deliver programs online and recruit students for these programs. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Needs, Needs Assessment, College Programs
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
The Department of Education disbursed nearly $112 billion in financial aid to students through various grant and loan programs in fiscal year 2021. Colleges generally provide students information about the aid for which they are eligible in financial aid offers. Students use these offers to make key decisions, including which college to attend and…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Paying for College, Federal Aid, Best Practices
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
If colleges provide inaccurate or misleading information about, for example, their students' ability to transfer course credits to another college or qualify for a specific certification after graduation, students may have difficulty completing their degree, finding a job in their field, or paying back their student loans. Education is responsible…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Federal Government, Public Agencies, Compliance (Legal)
Curda, Elizabeth H. – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Veterans Affairs (VA) offers education benefits to veterans with disabilities through the GI Bill, VA's largest education program, and Veteran Readiness and Employment (VR&E), which helps veterans with service-connected disabilities re-enter the workforce. Each offers distinct features that may better serve veterans depending on their…
Descriptors: Veterans Education, Disabilities, Reentry Workers, Employment Services
Rosenberg, Michelle – US Government Accountability Office, 2021
Studies have shown the United States faces a shortage of physicians, making it increasingly difficult for people to access needed health care. Physicians need graduate medical education (GME) training before they can practice medicine independently and often practice in the same geographic area as their training. The vast majority of federal…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, Federal Aid, Financial Support, Hospitals
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