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Jacqueline M. Nowicki – US Government Accountability Office, 2024
In 2021-2022, Head Start served nearly 790,000 young children, primarily from low-income families. However, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) estimates that far more children are eligible than can be served due to limited resources, heightening the importance of targeting services effectively. House Report 117-96 includes a…
Descriptors: Poverty, Enrollment Trends, Low Income Students, Social Services
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
Children in U.S. military families may transfer schools nine times, on average, before they graduate from high school. These moves may be especially challenging for children with disabilities and their families, as special education services provided under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act--the primary federal special education…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Public Schools, Students with Disabilities, Special Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2022
For years, parents and policymakers have raised concerns about teacher shortages. These concerns escalated during the COVID-19 pandemic, amid reports of teachers leaving the profession, fewer new teachers entering, and schools struggling to hire teachers. The Explanatory Statement accompanying the Further Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2020…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary Education, Teacher Shortage, Government Role
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Public school facilities primarily serve an educational role, and they also serve a civic role as voting places and emergency shelters. School districts collectively spend tens of billions of dollars each year on facilities construction needs at the nearly 100,000 K-12 public schools nationwide. About half (an estimated 54 percent) of public…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Facilities, School Districts, Kindergarten
Nowicki, Jacqueline – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Every 2 years, Education requires nearly all school districts to report incidents of restraint and seclusion. Generally, restraint is restricting a student's ability to move, and seclusion is confining them alone in a space they cannot leave. The House Committee on Appropriations' explanatory statement accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations…
Descriptors: Discipline, Behavior Modification, Public Schools, School Districts
Larin, Kathryn A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Each year, millions of children age 5 and under receive publicly funded early care and education services. Federal appropriations for Head Start and the Child Care and Development Fund were $9.8 and $8.1 billion respectively in fiscal year 2018. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to identify and describe all state early care and…
Descriptors: Child Care, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education, Educational Finance
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
This report examines what is known about enrollment, discipline, and support staff in alternative schools, among other objectives. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) analyzed data on alternative schools for school years 2013-14 and 2015-16 from Education's Civil Rights Data Collection (most recent years available); visited selected school…
Descriptors: Nontraditional Education, Kindergarten, Elementary Secondary Education, Disproportionate Representation
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
About 13 percent of children aged 3 through 21 enrolled in public schools received special education services in school year 2015-16, and about 3 percent of children from birth through age 2 received special education services. Concerns about the difficulties identifying and evaluating children for special education have been raised by the media,…
Descriptors: Special Education, Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Disability Identification
Alexander, Lamar; Kline, John – US Government Accountability Office, 2016
Every year millions of children under the age of 5 participate in federal and state early care and education programs. For fiscal years 2010 to 2015, Congress appropriated almost $48 billion to Head Start and over $31 billion to the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), the two largest sources of federal funding for early care and education. To…
Descriptors: Child Care, Early Childhood Education, Educational Finance, Federal Programs
US Government Accountability Office, 2016
Research has shown that early intervention can greatly improve the development of a child with autism. Children with disabilities--including children with autism--can receive intervention services through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Low income children may also receive intervention services through Medicaid or the State…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Federal Programs, Federal Legislation
Brown, Kay E. – US Government Accountability Office, 2012
Research shows that well trained and educated early child care and education (ECCE) workers are key to helping children in care reach their full developmental potential. Federal and state governments spend billions of dollars each year to improve ECCE programs, including the quality of its caregivers and teachers. Because of the importance of this…
Descriptors: Child Care, Child Caregivers, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Teachers
Ashby, Cornelia M.; Jones, Yvonne D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
This report responds to two mandates for GAO under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). First, it is the latest report on the uses of and accountability for Recovery Act funds in selected states and localities. Second, it comments on recipients' reports of the jobs created and retained. The Recovery Act provided $2.1…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children, Low Income
Kutz, Gregory D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
Through the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) subsidizes child care for low-income families whose parents work or attend education or training programs. In fiscal year 2009, the CCDF budget was $7 billion. States are responsible for determining program priorities and overseeing funds.…
Descriptors: Human Services, State Programs, Criminals, Child Care Centers
Brown, Kay E. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
As Congress considers reauthorization of the laws which provide funding for the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), there is interest in understanding what accounts for recent trends in child care subsidy receipt among eligible families and what research says about subsidies' effects on parents' ability to obtain and maintain employment. The…
Descriptors: Child Care, Federal Programs, State Federal Aid, Eligibility
Kutz, Gregory D. – US Government Accountability Office, 2010
The Head Start program, overseen by the Department of Health and Human Services and administered by the Office of Head Start, provides child development services primarily to low-income families and their children. Federal law allows up to 10 percent of enrolled families to have incomes above 130 percent of the poverty line--GAO (Government…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Integrated Services, National Programs, Low Income Groups
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