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Larin, Kathryn A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Sexual violence--which can include crimes such as rape and other forms of sexual coercion--is widely acknowledged as a problem on college campuses. Although the Department of Education (Education) collects some data on sexual violence at colleges that receive federal funding, measuring the prevalence of campus sexual violence has proven difficult,…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Violence, Rape, Crime
Farrell, Brenda S. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
The Conference Report accompanying the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 included a provision for the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to evaluate Department of Defense (DOD) Professional Military Education (PME) and JPME institutions. This report examines the extent to which: (1) the military services'…
Descriptors: Military Training, Professional Education, Accreditation (Institutions), Program Effectiveness
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
American Indian and Alaska Native students enrolled in public schools have performed consistently below other students on national assessments from 2005-2019. The Johnson-O'Malley (JOM) program provides academic and cultural supports, through contracts, to meet the specialized and unique educational needs of American Indian and Alaska Native…
Descriptors: American Indian Students, American Indian Education, Public Schools, Alaska Natives
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
States use their accountability systems to identify low-performing schools, which can receive added support and are expected to improve. Alternative schools serve students whose needs are not met in a regular school. They often serve at-risk students who are struggling academically or behaviorally. Given this unique population, the Government…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Assessment, Accountability, Nontraditional Education
Goodwin, Gretta L. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
The Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for managing the care and custody of approximately 175,000 federal inmates--an estimated 20 percent of whom have been diagnosed with a substance use disorder. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to review BOP's efforts to provide drug treatment to federal inmates. This report (1)…
Descriptors: Correctional Institutions, Institutionalized Persons, Clinical Diagnosis, Substance Abuse
Nowicki, Jacqueline – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Every 2 years, Education requires nearly all school districts to report incidents of restraint and seclusion. Generally, restraint is restricting a student's ability to move, and seclusion is confining them alone in a space they cannot leave. The House Committee on Appropriations' explanatory statement accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations…
Descriptors: Discipline, Behavior Modification, Public Schools, School Districts
Emrey-Arras, Melissa – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) are required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) to provide services for eligible students with disabilities, such as learning disabilities or health impairments. Services for these students are listed in individualized education programs (IEP). The Department of…
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indian Students, Students with Disabilities, Access to Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
In addition to the potential loss of life, school shootings can evoke feelings of profound fear and anxiety that disturb a community's sense of safety and security. Questions have been raised about whether schools' approaches to addressing student behavior are a factor in school shootings. These approaches include discipline that removes the…
Descriptors: Violence, Weapons, Elementary Secondary Education, School Safety
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
National reports have raised concerns about the physical accessibility of public school facilities for people with disabilities. These facilities serve important roles as schools, voting locations, and emergency shelters, among other things. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine the physical accessibility of public school…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Students with Disabilities, Public Schools, Barriers
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Due to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, almost all school districts rapidly shifted to distance learning in spring of the 2019-2020 school year. This shift laid bare both the logistical and instructional challenges of distance learning, particularly for English learners and students with disabilities, both of whom have faced…
Descriptors: Distance Education, Elementary Secondary Education, English Language Learners, Students with Disabilities
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Public school facilities primarily serve an educational role, and they also serve a civic role as voting places and emergency shelters. School districts collectively spend tens of billions of dollars each year on facilities construction needs at the nearly 100,000 K-12 public schools nationwide. About half (an estimated 54 percent) of public…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Educational Facilities, School Districts, Kindergarten
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
A cybersecurity incident is an event that actually or potentially jeopardizes a system or the information it holds. When a student's personal information is disclosed, it can lead to physical, emotional, and financial harm. Organizations are vulnerable to data security risks, including over 17,000 public school districts and approximately 98,000…
Descriptors: Information Security, Computer Security, Student Records, Elementary Secondary Education
Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
More than 260 presidentially-declared major disasters have occurred since 2017, affecting every state and several U.S. territories, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Many of these natural disasters have had devastating effects, including rendering K-12 school facilities unusable for extended periods of time. These…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Elementary Secondary Education, School Closing
Goodwin, Gretta L. – US Government Accountability Office, 2020
Federal and other studies have noted that exposure to violence and substance abuse make Native American youth susceptible to becoming involved with the justice system. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to examine federal and tribal efforts to address juvenile delinquency and the barriers tribes face in doing so. This report…
Descriptors: American Indians, Delinquency, Youth, Violence
Larin, Kathryn A. – US Government Accountability Office, 2019
Each year, millions of children age 5 and under receive publicly funded early care and education services. Federal appropriations for Head Start and the Child Care and Development Fund were $9.8 and $8.1 billion respectively in fiscal year 2018. The Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to identify and describe all state early care and…
Descriptors: Child Care, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education, Educational Finance
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