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US Department of Justice, 2023
Many children in the United States are highly mobile or have parents or guardians who are highly mobile, including some children who are, or who are part of families with, migratory agricultural workers, migratory fishers, and workers in seasonal industries or positions. These migratory children move regularly from one residence and school…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Migrants, Migrant Education, Student Mobility
US Department of Justice, 2023
In May 2023, the Civil Rights Division (the Division) of the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) at the U.S. Department of Education jointly released this Resource on Confronting Racial Discrimination in Student Discipline. The Resource demonstrates the departments' ongoing commitment to the vigorous enforcement of…
Descriptors: Discipline, Discipline Policy, Racial Discrimination, School Districts
US Department of Justice, 2023
Unaccompanied children are children who are under 18 years old, who do not have a parent or guardian in the United States available to provide care and physical custody, and who lack legal immigration status in the United States. Unaccompanied children may live with family members or other adult sponsors in local communities. Under U.S. Supreme…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Children, Immigrants, Barriers
US Department of Justice, 2021
On May 10, 2021, the Civil Rights Division (the Division) of the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) at the U.S. Department of Education jointly issued an updated resource for students and families on confronting COVID-19 related bullying and harassment against Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students. The…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Bullying, Racial Bias
US Department of Justice, 2021
Many students face bullying, harassment, and discrimination based on sex stereotypes and assumptions about what it means to be a boy or a girl. Students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, nonbinary, or otherwise gender non-conforming may face harassment based on how they dress or act, or for simply being who they are. It…
Descriptors: LGBTQ People, Bullying, Educational Environment, Sex Stereotypes
US Department of Justice, 2021
All children in the United States have an equal right to enroll and participate in public elementary and secondary schools without regard to their or their parents' or guardians' immigration status. When public schools deny equal access to education because of national origin or immigration status, the Educational Opportunities Section of the…
Descriptors: Immigration, Immigrants, Undocumented Immigrants, Status
US Department of Justice, 2019
The U.S. Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division (CRT) and the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforce federal civil rights laws in public and federally funded schools at all educational levels. These laws protect all students, including Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AANHPI) and Muslim,…
Descriptors: Asian American Students, Hawaiians, Pacific Americans, Muslims
US Department of Justice, 2019
On December 21, 2018, President Donald J. Trump signed the First Step Act of 2018 into law. Title I of the First Step Act of 2018 (FSA or the Act) is focused on reforms to reduce recidivism among the federal prison population. Many of Title I's reforms hinge on the creation of a risk and needs assessment system. Under the FSA, the Attorney General…
Descriptors: Risk Assessment, Needs Assessment, Federal Legislation, Correctional Institutions
US Department of Justice, 2015
Forty years ago, the Supreme Court of the United States determined that in order for public schools to comply with their legal obligations under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI), they must take affirmative steps to ensure that students with limited English proficiency (LEP) can meaningfully participate in their educational…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Limited English Speaking, Parents, Civil Rights
Lhamon, Catherine; Gupta, Vanita – US Department of Justice, 2014
Although the overall number of youth involved in the juvenile justice system has been decreasing, there are still more than 60,000 young people in juvenile justice residential facilities in the United States on any given day. With the support of grants administered by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ),…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Juvenile Justice, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Education
Lhamon, Catherine E.; Rosenfelt, Philip H.; Samuels, Jocelyn – US Department of Justice, 2014
Under Federal law, State and local educational agencies (hereinafter "districts") are required to provide all children with equal access to public education at the elementary and secondary level. Thie Dear Colleague letter was written to remind school districts of the Federal obligation to provide equal educational opportunities to all…
Descriptors: Enrollment, School Districts, Children, Access to Education
US Department of Justice, 2014
These Questions and Answers are intended to assist states and school districts in meeting their legal obligations to ensure that their enrollment policies and practices at the elementary and secondary school levels do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, or national origin, and do not bar or discourage students' enrollment in elementary…
Descriptors: Childrens Rights, Student Rights, Enrollment, School Districts
Blair, J. Pete; Schwieit, Katherine W. – US Department of Justice, 2014
Active shooter is a term used by law enforcement to describe a situation in which a shooting is in progress and an aspect of the crime may affect the protocols used in responding to and reacting at the scene of the incident. Unlike a defined crime, such as a murder or mass killing, the active aspect inherently implies that both law enforcement…
Descriptors: Violence, Weapons, Crime, Law Enforcement
US Department of Justice, 2012
Passed by Congress on June 23, 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 bars sex discrimination in education programs and activities offered by entities receiving federal financial assistance. In the 40 years since its enactment, Title IX has improved access to educational opportunities for millions of students, helping to ensure that no…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
US Department of Justice, 2012
All children in the United States are entitled to equal access to a basic public elementary and secondary education regardless of their actual or perceived race, color, national origin, citizenship, immigration status, or the status of their parents/guardians. School districts that either prohibit or discourage, or maintain policies that have the…
Descriptors: Student Rights, Equal Education, Access to Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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