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US Department of Justice, 2021
On May 10, 2021, the Civil Rights Division (the Division) of the U.S. Department of Justice and the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) at the U.S. Department of Education jointly issued an updated resource for students and families on confronting COVID-19 related bullying and harassment against Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students. The…
Descriptors: COVID-19, Pandemics, Bullying, Racial Bias
US Department of Justice, 2021
Many students face bullying, harassment, and discrimination based on sex stereotypes and assumptions about what it means to be a boy or a girl. Students who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, nonbinary, or otherwise gender non-conforming may face harassment based on how they dress or act, or for simply being who they are. It…
Descriptors: LGBTQ People, Bullying, Educational Environment, Sex Stereotypes
US Department of Justice, 2019
The U.S. Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division (CRT) and the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforce federal civil rights laws in public and federally funded schools at all educational levels. These laws protect all students, including Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AANHPI) and Muslim,…
Descriptors: Asian American Students, Hawaiians, Pacific Americans, Muslims
US Department of Justice, 2019
On December 21, 2018, President Donald J. Trump signed the First Step Act of 2018 into law. Title I of the First Step Act of 2018 (FSA or the Act) is focused on reforms to reduce recidivism among the federal prison population. Many of Title I's reforms hinge on the creation of a risk and needs assessment system. Under the FSA, the Attorney General…
Descriptors: Risk Assessment, Needs Assessment, Federal Legislation, Correctional Institutions
US Department of Justice, 2015
Forty years ago, the Supreme Court of the United States determined that in order for public schools to comply with their legal obligations under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VI), they must take affirmative steps to ensure that students with limited English proficiency (LEP) can meaningfully participate in their educational…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Limited English Speaking, Parents, Civil Rights
Lhamon, Catherine E.; Rosenfelt, Philip H.; Samuels, Jocelyn – US Department of Justice, 2014
Under Federal law, State and local educational agencies (hereinafter "districts") are required to provide all children with equal access to public education at the elementary and secondary level. Thie Dear Colleague letter was written to remind school districts of the Federal obligation to provide equal educational opportunities to all…
Descriptors: Enrollment, School Districts, Children, Access to Education
US Department of Justice, 2014
These Questions and Answers are intended to assist states and school districts in meeting their legal obligations to ensure that their enrollment policies and practices at the elementary and secondary school levels do not discriminate on the basis of race, color, or national origin, and do not bar or discourage students' enrollment in elementary…
Descriptors: Childrens Rights, Student Rights, Enrollment, School Districts
Lhamon, Catherine; Gupta, Vanita – US Department of Justice, 2014
Although the overall number of youth involved in the juvenile justice system has been decreasing, there are still more than 60,000 young people in juvenile justice residential facilities in the United States on any given day. With the support of grants administered by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) and the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ),…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Juvenile Justice, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Education
Blair, J. Pete; Schwieit, Katherine W. – US Department of Justice, 2014
Active shooter is a term used by law enforcement to describe a situation in which a shooting is in progress and an aspect of the crime may affect the protocols used in responding to and reacting at the scene of the incident. Unlike a defined crime, such as a murder or mass killing, the active aspect inherently implies that both law enforcement…
Descriptors: Violence, Weapons, Crime, Law Enforcement
US Department of Justice, 2012
Passed by Congress on June 23, 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 bars sex discrimination in education programs and activities offered by entities receiving federal financial assistance. In the 40 years since its enactment, Title IX has improved access to educational opportunities for millions of students, helping to ensure that no…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
US Department of Justice, 2012
All children in the United States are entitled to equal access to a basic public elementary and secondary education regardless of their actual or perceived race, color, national origin, citizenship, immigration status, or the status of their parents/guardians. School districts that either prohibit or discourage, or maintain policies that have the…
Descriptors: Student Rights, Equal Education, Access to Education, Elementary Secondary Education
Lauritsen, Janet L.; Owens, Jennifer Gatewood; Planty, Michael; Rand, Michael R.; Truman, Jennifer L. – US Department of Justice, 2012
Examines the nature and extent of series victimization in the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). This technical report assesses the general patterns of victims' responses to being asked, "How many times did this type of incident occur?" and provides data on how reports of high-frequency repeat victimizations have changed over…
Descriptors: Victims of Crime, National Surveys, Victims, Crime
US Department of Justice, 2011
The United States Department of Education (ED) and the United States Department of Justice issued this guidance to explain how, consistent with existing law, postsecondary institutions can voluntarily consider race to further the compelling interest of achieving diversity. It replaces the August 28, 2008 letter issued by ED's Office for Civil…
Descriptors: Postsecondary Education, Race, Racial Factors, Student Diversity
Beck, Allen J.; Harrison, Paige M.; Guerino, Paul – US Department of Justice (NJ1), 2010
The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (P.L. 108-79) (PREA) requires the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) to carry out a comprehensive statistical review and analysis of the incidents and effects of prison rape for each calendar year. This report fulfills the requirement under Sec. 4(c)(2)(B)(ii) of the Act to provide a list of juvenile…
Descriptors: Rape, Correctional Institutions, Juvenile Justice, Victims of Crime
Reaves, Brian A. – US Department of Justice (NJ1), 2008
This publication reports on the first survey of campus law enforcement agencies conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics since 1994-1995. The report presents data covering the 2004-2005 school year. Agencies serving 4-year U.S. universities and colleges with a fall 2004 enrollment of 2,500 or more, and those serving 2-year public colleges…
Descriptors: Public Schools, School Security, Law Enforcement, Higher Education
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