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Topping, Keith J.; Trickey, Steve; Cleghorn, Paul – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2020
Philosophy for Children (otherwise known as P4C) can help develop cooperative and peer learning and transform them into a method for developing critical and creative thinking skills. The purpose of this booklet is to describe what Philosophy for Children (P4C) is and how to implement it in the classroom. It consists of seven sections, each with a…
Descriptors: Philosophy, Children, Educational Practices, Program Implementation
Szucs, Denes; Mammarella, Irene C. – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2020
Mathematics is often perceived as a difficult subject by many students, parents and teachers alike. Difficulties with the subject are most often attributed to cognitive factors (lack of ability, preparedness, practice and knowledge). Emotional factors are often overlooked and are easily written off as potential persistent and serious causes of…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Emotional Response, Cognitive Restructuring
Resnick, Lauren B.; Asterhan, Christa S. C.; Clarke, Sherice N. – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2018
"Accountable Talk" begins with students thinking out loud about a complex problem that requires collaboration: noticing something about the problem, questioning a surprising finding, or articulating, explaining, and reflecting upon their own reasoning. The teacher works to elicit a range of ideas, which may be incomplete. With teacher…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Dialogs (Language), Educational Practices, Teacher Student Relationship
Van Dooren, Wim; Vamvakoussi, Xenia; Verschaffel, Lieven – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2018
Proportionality can be considered among the most important mathematical notions in the middle school math curriculum (grades 5 to 8). It is the capstone of elementary arithmetic, number, and measurement concepts, and at the same time one of the most elementary understandings one needs for more advanced mathematics. Understanding proportionality is…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Middle School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Educational Practices
Daghé, Sandrine Aeby; Leopoldoff, Irina; Cordeiro, Glaís Sales; Schneuwly, Bernard; Thévenaz, Thérèse; Toulou, Simon – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2017
This report presents the results of the diagnostic study conducted between October 2013 and December 2014, as part of an ambitious capacity-building project targeting the increase of children's literacy levels across three West African countries. The project "Improving Learning Outcomes in Early Grade Reading: Integration of Curriculum,…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Reading Instruction, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries
Howard-Jones, Paul – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2017
A "neuromyth" is a popular idea about the brain that is not based on scientific understanding and may even contradict what is known. For several decades, scientists and educational experts have expressed their concern about the spread of neuromyths in schools and colleges. Not only can neuromyths reflect and promote a poor understanding…
Descriptors: Neurosciences, Brain, Public Opinion, Misconceptions
Howard-Jones, Paul – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2017
The human brain is plastic -- which means the brain changes its connectivity and even its structure in response to learning. This brief report highlights the following points: (1) A human's first learning experiences are foundational for later education, and experiences in the early years of life can greatly impact on later achievement; (2) Waves…
Descriptors: Brain, Child Development, Early Experience, Adolescent Development
Stabback, Philip – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2016
Sustainable Development Goal Four has to do with education in the post-2015 development agenda. It aims to "ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all". Given the essential role of curriculum in enabling quality learning and in articulating and supporting education that is…
Descriptors: Reflection, Educational Quality, Curriculum, Educational Indicators
Lubin, Ian A. – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2016
Information and communication technologies (ICT) are being utilized extensively in education and have become an essential aspect of both formal and informal learning worldwide. Related to their widespread availability and use in education, it is suggested that ICT hold tremendous promise for society at large, and in particular, in shaping social…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Teaching Methods, Educational Quality
Roegiers, Xavier – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2016
There can be no denying the influence of competencies on the development of the school and its curricula. It is increasingly the case that, to enrol in a socio-economic fabric, whether locally or globally, learners--male or female--must learn to place their knowledge and know-how at the service of action: they must be able to deal with complex…
Descriptors: Curriculum, Performance Factors, Competency Based Education, Minimum Competencies
UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2016
The Malaysia government has placed STEM as a focus in developing the country towards achieving the status of a developed nation. The government acknowledges the role of women as equal partners in nation building. Thus, various policies ranging from economy, education, women's welfare, and human resources have been formulated through the years.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Females, STEM Education, Residential Schools
Anderson, Lorin W.; Pešikan, Ana – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2016
Students of all ages spend a good amount of their time in classrooms engaged in some type of academic work (e.g. worksheets, workbooks, scientific projects, essays, research papers). On average, students from elementary through high school spend approximately one-half of their classroom time working by themselves ("seatwork") or in…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Low Income Students, Economically Disadvantaged, Learning Activities
Cox, Cristián; Bascopé, Martín; Castillo, Juan Carlos; Miranda, Daniel; Bonhomme, Macarena – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2015
What are the key contents related to democratic life in the curricula of civic and citizenship education in Latin American countries? What values and dimensions are most emphasized? This document summarizes the results of a comparative analysis of civic/citizenship curricula for primary and secondary education in six Latin American countries…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Citizenship Education, Curriculum, Comparative Analysis
Muskin, Joshua A. – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2015
The role of assessment in education has grown greatly over the past few decades, a trend that has two major manifestations. One is the rapid increase in the number of countries and other jurisdictions either participating in international surveys (tests) of learning or initiating their own system-wide assessments; or both. The other is the…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Outcome Measures, Politics of Education, Educational Practices
Abadzi, Helen – UNESCO International Bureau of Education, 2015
Research on memory functions and their applications is a vast field that has unfolded for decades; some important studies are sixty years old. However, the research has remained a well-kept secret of cognitive psychologists. Education faculties rarely teach memory specifics, so people working in education typically do not know about the above…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Memory, Educational Policy, Cognitive Processes
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