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Vallila-Rohter, Sofia; Czupryna, Brendan – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Studies have identified deficits in attention in individuals with aphasia in language and nonlanguage tasks. Attention may play a role in the construction and use of language, as well as in learning and the process of rehabilitation, yet the role of attention on rehabilitation is not fully understood. To improve the understanding of attention and…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Attention, Rehabilitation, Eye Movements
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Silkes, JoAnn P.; Baker, Carolyn; Love, Tracy – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
This study investigates learning in aphasia as manifested through automatic priming effects. There is growing evidence that people with aphasia have impairments beyond language processing that could affect their response to treatment. Therefore, better understanding these mechanisms would be beneficial for improving methods of rehabilitation. This…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Language Impairments, Semantics, Repetition
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Middleton, Erica L.; Schuchard, Julia; Rawson, Katherine A. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
It is uncontroversial in psychological research that different schedules of practice, which govern the distribution of practice over time, can promote radically different outcomes in terms of gains in performance and durability of learning. In contrast, in speech-language treatment research, there is a critical need for well-controlled studies…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Naming, Therapy, Speech Language Pathology
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Wright, Jim; Sohlberg, McKay Moore; Watson-Stites, Ryann; McCart, Melissa – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Purpose: This retrospective case series utilized clinical data mining (CDM) to understand the potential key components in an integrated treatment approach delivered by speech-language pathologists (SLPs) treating adolescents experiencing persistent cognitive effects postconcussion. The first purpose was to describe the profiles of students treated…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Adolescents, Head Injuries
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Coran, Monica; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni; Ramos-Escobar, Neus; Laine, Matti; Martin, Nadine – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Objective: Of current interest in aphasia research is the relevance of what we can learn from studying word learning ability in aphasia. In a preliminary study, we addressed 2 issues related to the novel word learning ability of individuals with aphasia. First, as word learning engages large-scale cognitive-linguistic systems (language skills,…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Aphasia, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Receptive Language
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Scott, Cheryl M. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Competent writing eludes many school children and adolescents, especially those with developmental language and reading disorders. Language sample analysis (LSA) of writing is a powerful but underused assessment tool that can also inform instruction. Similar to LSA of oral language, writing has been analyzed at word, sentence, and text levels…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Language Impairments, Written Language, Evaluation Methods
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Ebert, Kerry Danahy – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Language sample analysis (LSA) has been called the "gold standard" for clinical language assessment with children learning more than one language. The research literature discussing this clinical tool with bilingual children has grown substantially in recent years. This article reviews and synthesizes the literature on LSA in order to…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Children, Oral Language, Evaluation Methods
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Spencer, Elizabeth; Bryant, Lucy; Colyvas, Kim – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Variability is common in language sample analysis (LSA), arising from personal factors such as age or level of education, or from factors within the text such as its length and purpose. Variability can affect interpretation of results in clinical practice and research studies, as well as the ability to detect change in individuals over time. This…
Descriptors: Sampling, Language Impairments, Evaluation Methods, Evidence Based Practice
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Eisenberg, Sarita L. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
Grammar is an important goal area for children with language impairment. The current article considers the use of General Language Performance Measures (GLPMs) to assess outcomes for this basic goal area and for 3 intermediate grammar goals that contribute to children's developing ability to construct increasingly longer and more complex…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Impairments, Performance Based Assessment, Language Acquisition
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Lundine, Jennifer P. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
For academic success, it is increasingly important that students of all ages can produce and comprehend expository discourse. This article provides guidance to clinicians and educators on using language sample analysis (LSA) to assess the expository language abilities of students across grades. Focusing on microstructural and macrostructural…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, High School Students, Academic Achievement
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Guiberson, Mark – Topics in Language Disorders, 2020
The aim of this article was to evaluate the use of alternatives to traditional language sample analysis (LSA) measures with bilingual preschool-aged children. A database of 184 bilingual preschool children, including children with developmental language disorder (DLD), was used in this study. The goals of the study were to establish the convergent…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Bilingualism, Language Skills, Language Impairments
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Sennott, Samuel C.; Akagi, Linda; Lee, Mary; Rhodes, Anthony – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Artificially intelligent tools have given us the capability to use technology to address ever more complex challenges. What are the capabilities, challenges, and hazards of incorporating and developing this technology for augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)? "Artificial intelligence" (AI) can be defined as the capability of…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Artificial Intelligence, Knowledge Representation, Thinking Skills
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Holyfield, Christine; Caron, Jessica – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who also possess limited speech capabilities often display poor language and academic skills in adolescence. However, as with all adolescents, they have personal goals and should have equal access to participation across facets of life including but not limited to education.…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Developmental Disabilities, Intellectual Disability
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Fulcher-Rood, Katrina; Higginbotham, Jeff – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in later stages may rely on a variety of modalities to communicate. The current study used conversational analysis techniques to examine naturalistic face-to-face interaction between a man with late-stage ALS and his wife to understand the types of accommodations they made to ensure that…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Interpersonal Communication, Interaction, Communication Strategies
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Bourgeois, Michelle S. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have an important role in supporting the caregivers of persons with dementia from diagnosis through the end of life in 4 major areas: education, training to use effective cognitive communication strategies identified for clients with dementia, psychosocial/emotional support, and counseling. Speech-language…
Descriptors: Dementia, Caregivers, Speech Language Pathology, Clinical Diagnosis
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