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Brundage, Shelley B.; Bernstein Ratner, Nan – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
Purpose: Although commonly defined as a speech disorder, stuttering interacts with the language production system in important ways. Our purpose is to summarize research findings on linguistic variables that influence stuttering assessment and treatment. Method and Results: Numerous topics are summarized. First, we review research that has…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Language Fluency, Speech Communication, Language Processing
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Lescht, Erica; Venker, Courtney E.; McHaney, Jacie R.; Bohland, Jason W.; Hampton Wray, Amanda – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
Language skills have long been posited to be a factor contributing to developmental stuttering. The current study aimed to evaluate whether novel word recognition, a critical skill for language development, differentiated children who stutter from children who do not stutter. Twenty children who stutter and 18 children who do not stutter, aged 3-8…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Young Children, Word Recognition, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension)
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Byrd, Courtney T.; Coalson, Geoffrey A.; Young, Megan M. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
The purpose of this study was to examine the benefits of a treatment approach for adults who stutter that focuses on core communication competencies rather than attempt to modify speech fluency. Eleven adults who stutter completed a 12-week treatment program at The Arthur M. Blank Center for Stuttering Education and Research. Pre- and…
Descriptors: Adults, Stuttering, Communication Skills, Intervention
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Tichenor, Seth E.; Herring, Caryn; Yaruss, J. Scott – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
This article highlights the value for speech-language pathologists of considering the overall stuttering condition--including speakers' experiences during and around moments of stuttering--in treatment with individuals who stutter. We first highlight a framework for conceptualizing the entirety of the stuttering condition. We then present recent…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Experience
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Usler, Evan R. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
The purpose of this article is to provide a theoretical account of the experience of stuttering that incorporates previous explanations and recent experimental findings. According to this account, stuttering-like disfluencies emerge during early childhood from excessive detection of cognitive conflict due to subtle limitations in speech and…
Descriptors: Stuttering, Conflict, Cognitive Processes, Speech Communication
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Lowman, Joneen; Walker, Judy; Houston, K. Todd – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
Telepractice has been recognized as an efficacious service delivery model for more than 15 years. Yet, most speech-language pathologists found themselves ill-prepared to transition in-person clinical services to a digital format in response to the pandemic. Confusion regarding telepractice regulatory, reimbursement, technology, and delivery…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Allied Health Occupations Education, Videoconferencing, Speech Language Pathology
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Kester, Ellen Stubbe – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
The purpose of this tutorial is to guide speech-language pathologists in conducting speech and language evaluations remotely. Practical considerations, such as setting up the testing environment and the importance of conducting a pre-evaluation check, are discussed. Different item types and assessments are discussed with consideration of the…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Speech Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
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Krok, Windi; Norton, Elizabeth S.; Buchheit, Mary Kate; Harriott, Emily M.; Wakschlag, Lauren; Hadley, Pamela A. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
Although language samples are child-friendly and well-suited for obtaining global measures of language production, structured protocols have the potential to elicit many different exemplars of language structures in a shorter amount of time. We created a structured elicitation protocol, the Sentence Diversity Priming Task (SDPT), to efficiently…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Sentences, Language Skills, Picture Books
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Bolden, William, III; Grogan-Johnson, Sue – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
School-based speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have been plunged into telepractice service delivery with the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. However, this temporary shift to provide online instruction is not the same as fully implementing a telepractice service delivery model that is comparable with in-person service delivery. The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, Videoconferencing, Medicine
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Lundblom, Erin; Cohn, Ellen R.; Tindall Covert, Lyn – Topics in Language Disorders, 2022
Over 50% of American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)-certified speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are employed in schools (ASHA, n.d.). Speech-language pathologists increasingly provide services to students with speech and language disorders via telepractice. ASHA's Roles and Responsibilities of Speech-Language Pathologists in Schools…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Allied Health Personnel, School Health Services, Speech Impairments
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DeDe, Gayle; Hoover, Elizabeth – Topics in Language Disorders, 2021
Purpose: This article reviews four discourse measures and examines whether they are sensitive to impairments in people with both mild and severe aphasia. We also ask whether these measures were sensitive to effects of conversation treatment in two case examples. Method: Two people with aphasia, one mild and fluent and the other severe and…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Discourse Analysis, Measures (Individuals), Language Impairments
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Hengst, Julie A.; Sherrill, Martha H. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2021
This theoretical review article describes "situated discourse analysis" (SDA) and explores its implications for communication sciences and disorders. Drawing on situated theories of cognition and communication, SDA aims to understand "real-time communicative processes" of people engaging in complex "sociocultural…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Sociocultural Patterns, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Ethnography
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Minga, Jamila; Johnson, Melissa; Blake, Margaret Lehman; Fromm, Davida; MacWhinney, Brian – Topics in Language Disorders, 2021
Purpose: Right hemisphere brain damage (RHD) commonly causes pragmatic language disorders that are apparent in discourse production. Specific characteristics and approaches to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of these disorders are not well-defined. RHDBank, a shared database of multimedia interactions for the study of communication using…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Databases, Pragmatics, Language Impairments
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Steel, Joanne; Elbourn, Elise; Togher, Leanne – Topics in Language Disorders, 2021
Purpose: Narrative discourse (e.g., telling anecdotes or relating personal events) comprises a key part of social interaction and is commonly affected after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Research over the past decades has enabled improved characterization of discourse impairment after TBI, but a critical lack of research into discourse…
Descriptors: Brain, Injuries, Personal Narratives, Discourse Analysis
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Roberts, Angela; Aveni, Katharine; Basque, Shalane; Orange, Joseph B.; McLaughlin, Paula; Ramirez, Joel; Troyer, Angela K.; Gutierrez, Stephanie; Chen, Angie; Bartha, Robert; Binns, Malcolm A.; Black, Sandra E.; Casaubon, Leanne K.; Dowlatshahi, Dar; Hassan, Ayman; Kwan, Donna; Levine, Brian; Mandzia, Jennifer; Sahlas, Demetrios J.; Scott, Christopher J. M.; Strother, Stephen; Sunderland, Kelly M.; Symons, Sean; Swartz, Richard – Topics in Language Disorders, 2021
Purpose: Dementia due to cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is common. Detecting early cognitive decline in CVD is critical because addressing risk factors may slow or prevent dementia. This study used a multidomain discourse analysis approach to determine the spoken language signature of CVD-related cognitive impairment. Method: Spoken language and…
Descriptors: Prediction, Discourse Analysis, Language Impairments, Dementia
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