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Bourgeois, Michelle S. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have an important role in supporting the caregivers of persons with dementia from diagnosis through the end of life in 4 major areas: education, training to use effective cognitive communication strategies identified for clients with dementia, psychosocial/emotional support, and counseling. Speech-language…
Descriptors: Dementia, Caregivers, Speech Language Pathology, Clinical Diagnosis
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Off, Catherine A.; Griffin, Jenna R.; Murray, Kirsten W.; Milman, Lisa – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Patient-centered care is extending the sphere of health care beyond the patient, focusing attention upon the family caregiver(s). In this context, patient-family relationships are at the center of consistent, well-developed interprofessional interventions that encompass caregiver education, training, and wellness. Cohort models of intervention…
Descriptors: Caregiver Training, Aphasia, Patients, Family Relationship
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Thiessen, Amber; Beukelman, David – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Purpose: Study purposes were to (a) examine achievement goal tendencies and learning mode preferences of adults who were unfamiliar with augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) facilitation, and (b) determine whether age and gender have an effect on these variables. Recruitment of untrained individuals allowed the researchers to simulate…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Learning Motivation, Socialization, Gender Differences
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Grawburg, Meghann; Howe, Tami; Worrall, Linda; Scarinci, Nerina – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
More than 50 years of research has demonstrated the profound effect that aphasia has on people with the condition and their family members. In the International Classifcation of Functioning, Disability and Health, the World Health Organization described the impact of an individual's health condition on a signifcant other as "third-party…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Neurological Impairments, Family Environment, Family Programs
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Stead, Amanda; White, John – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
The sudden loss of intimacy can have a dramatic effect on satisfaction in a relationship. As many caregivers shift roles and try to personally adjust to their new reality, a steep drop in intimacy can often simultaneously occurs. Aphasia presents a significant barrier to opening discussions about intimacy and sexual contact. The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship, Adjustment (to Environment), Barriers
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Mach, Helen; Baylor, Carolyn; Hunting Pompon, Rebecca; Yorkston, Kathryn – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of communication disorders on family members of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) through the lens of third-party disability. Nine community-dwelling family members who live with people with PD participated in semi-structured interviews. Data were collected and analyzed using the qualitative…
Descriptors: Communication Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Family (Sociological Unit), Interpersonal Communication
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Zajic, Matthew; Dunn, Michael; Berninger, Virginia – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
This study investigated literacy learning in students with specific kinds of language challenges at a specific stage of schooling--transition to high school--when the language requirements of the curriculum can be especially challenging. For this exploratory research, a case study approach was adopted that compared 2 adolescent boys both with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Oral Language, Written Language
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Sturm, Janet; Asaro-Saddler, Kristie; Nitzel, Audrey – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
The adoption of national literacy standards has resulted in writing becoming a priority for students with complex learning needs (CLN). Given extrinsic (school-based) and intrinsic (student-based) barriers, there is a need to understand how educational systems can provide innovative research- and standards-based writing instruction for these…
Descriptors: Administrators, Administrator Attitudes, Writing Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Asaro-Saddler, Kristie; Ellis-Robinson, Tammy; Eacker, Halley – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore how poetry writing can promote growth in social cognition, writing, and disciplinary literacy for middle school students diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. An interpretive qualitative content analysis design was used to explore the instructional discourse and written products of the participants…
Descriptors: Intervention, Middle School Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Pennington, Robert C.; Carpenter, Megan – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
Written expression is critical to the full participation of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and complex communication needs in a wide range of educational and community contexts. Unfortunately, the extant research on teaching writing to this unique population is limited and, thus, provides little guidance to practitioners in the design…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Writing Instruction, Communication Problems
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Seidenberg, Mark S.; MacDonald, Maryellen C. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article reviews the important role of statistical learning for language and reading development. Although statistical learning--the unconscious encoding of patterns in language input--has become widely known as a force in infants' early interpretation of speech, the role of this kind of learning for language and reading comprehension in…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Experience, Emergent Literacy
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Terry, Nicole Patton; Gatlin, Brandy; Johnson, Lakeisha – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Reading achievement gaps are prominent in U.S. schools, most notably when comparing the performance of African American and Latino/Hispanic children to their White peers. Among the many reasons offered to explain and address these achievement gaps, language differences and language proficiency are primary considerations because many African…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Achievement Gap, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language)
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O'Keefe, Casey – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article provides a review of problems associated with teachers' talk and indicators of higher quality teachers' talk for use with lower socioeconomic status (SES) Head Start students. Then it shows how one Head Start teacher, called Michele in this article, responded to professional development that was aimed at increasing the quality of…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Discourse Analysis, Story Reading, Books
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Lee-James, Ryan; Washington, Julie A. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article examines the language and cognitive skills of bidialectal and bilingual children, focusing on African American English bidialectal speakers and Spanish-English bilingual speakers. It contributes to the discussion by considering two themes in the extant literature: (1) linguistic and cognitive strengths can be found in speaking two…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Bilingualism, Children, Black Dialects
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Smith, Martine M. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) occupy complex sociocultural and sociolinguistic territories. They are immersed in spoken language communities but to participate as speakers in conversational interactions, they may rely on atypical communication modes, including systems for generating speech that set them apart…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Sociolinguistics, Speech Communication, Cultural Differences
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