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Seidenberg, Mark S.; MacDonald, Maryellen C. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article reviews the important role of statistical learning for language and reading development. Although statistical learning--the unconscious encoding of patterns in language input--has become widely known as a force in infants' early interpretation of speech, the role of this kind of learning for language and reading comprehension in…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Language Acquisition, Experience, Emergent Literacy
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Terry, Nicole Patton; Gatlin, Brandy; Johnson, Lakeisha – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Reading achievement gaps are prominent in U.S. schools, most notably when comparing the performance of African American and Latino/Hispanic children to their White peers. Among the many reasons offered to explain and address these achievement gaps, language differences and language proficiency are primary considerations because many African…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Achievement Gap, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language)
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O'Keefe, Casey – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article provides a review of problems associated with teachers' talk and indicators of higher quality teachers' talk for use with lower socioeconomic status (SES) Head Start students. Then it shows how one Head Start teacher, called Michele in this article, responded to professional development that was aimed at increasing the quality of…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Discourse Analysis, Story Reading, Books
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Lee-James, Ryan; Washington, Julie A. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article examines the language and cognitive skills of bidialectal and bilingual children, focusing on African American English bidialectal speakers and Spanish-English bilingual speakers. It contributes to the discussion by considering two themes in the extant literature: (1) linguistic and cognitive strengths can be found in speaking two…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Bilingualism, Children, Black Dialects
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Smith, Martine M. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) occupy complex sociocultural and sociolinguistic territories. They are immersed in spoken language communities but to participate as speakers in conversational interactions, they may rely on atypical communication modes, including systems for generating speech that set them apart…
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Sociolinguistics, Speech Communication, Cultural Differences
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Isaksen, Jytte – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Clinical borderlands manifest themselves through encounters between people deemed to be in need of health care and health care providers (Mattingly, 2010). This article addresses the problem of inherent asymmetry in the clinical discourse between clinical providers, such as speech-language pathologists (SLPs), and persons with aphasia.…
Descriptors: Aphasia, Therapy, Communication Skills, Video Technology
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Pillay, Mershen; Kathard, Harsha – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
The professions of speech-language pathology and audiology provide valuable services for persons with communication, hearing, and feeding/swallowing disabilities. However, from a global perspective, mainstream practice discourses represent values from colonial perspectives (called Northern here). As such, they remain largely inaccessible to most…
Descriptors: Speech Language Pathology, Audiology, Ideology, Criticism
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Walsh, Irene P.; Delmar, Patricia; Jagoe, Caroline – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
This article focuses on a narrative account of a therapeutic journey experienced by 2 of the authors: an individual (P.D.) with a diagnosis in adulthood of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a speech-language pathologist/researcher (I.W.). Instead of adopting a traditional expert clinician treating an impaired patient stance in a highly formalized…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Patients, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Alfano, Alliete R.; Douglas, Michael – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Prior research shows that preliteracy development of children with a hearing loss from homes where English is not the primary language parallels literacy development in children with hearing loss from monolingual homes. Although there are some parallels, there are also some elements that are unique to children from linguistically diverse,…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Literacy
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Houston, K. Todd; Robertson, Lyn; Wray, Denise – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Today, children with hearing loss are often identified at birth, fitted with advanced hearing technology, and enrolled in family-centered early intervention. Most of these children have the opportunity to enter kindergarten or first grade with language competencies that rival their hearing peers. For these children to be successful communicators…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, Literacy, Assistive Technology, Early Intervention
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Guiberson, Mark; Crowe, Kathryn – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
The aim of this article was to (1) provide a scoping review of the literature addressing speech, auditory, language, and literacy interventions in multilingual children with hearing loss, and (2) identify future research directions. The search conducted for this scoping review yielded a total of 27 sources describing 58 intervention approaches for…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Intervention, Hearing Impairments, Literacy Education
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Rosa-Lugo, Linda I.; Ehren, Barbara J. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Gainful employment for adults in the United States currently requires high levels of literacy. As challenging as these requirements may be for the workforce at large, for adults who have a hearing loss (HL) and whose first spoken language is not English, the demands are especially problematic. Therefore, it is critical that educators prepare…
Descriptors: Hearing Impairments, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Literacy
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Soman, Uma; Nevins, Mary Ellen – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
Listening and spoken language (LSL) intervention and education have emerged as the preferred terms representing an intervention perspective that promotes "auditory oral" outcomes for many of today's children who are deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH), including those who are English learners. Practitioners (including speech-language…
Descriptors: Intervention, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Oral Language
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Kargl, Reinhard; Landerl, Karin – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
German orthography has highly consistent grapheme-phoneme correspondences, whereas the consistency of phoneme-grapheme correspondences is much lower, but morphological consistency is very high. After giving a short description of German language and orthography, the current article reviews earlier findings on early spelling acquisition, showing…
Descriptors: Phonology, German, Elementary School Students, Spelling
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Van Vreckem, Christel; Desoete, Annemie – Topics in Language Disorders, 2018
The purpose of this study was to explore the spelling knowledge and skills of elementary school children with and without dyslexia who speak Dutch, a language with a relatively transparent orthography. Children in Grades 2-6 completed real and pseudoword spelling dictation tasks. Spelling performance was compared in 218 children with (n = 55) and…
Descriptors: Spelling, Indo European Languages, Elementary School Students, Dyslexia
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