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Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
Over the past few decades, there have been federal and state investments in innovative education programs, policies, and tools. Many private organizations--both corporate and philanthropic--also have fueled the development and piloting of novel education ideas. Yet major gaps and challenges remain to develop and scale the impact of ground-breaking…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research and Development, Educational Innovation, Federal Government
Finn, Chester E., Jr.; Scanlan, Andrew E. – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
This report presents key findings from "Learning in the Fast Lane: The Past, Present, and Future of Advanced Placement," by Chester E. Finn, Jr. and Andrew E. Scanlan, and published by Princeton University Press in 2019. American education has long been plagued by excellence gaps among the young people who make it into the highest levels…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Achievement Gap, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education
Gershenson, Seth – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
We know from previous survey research that teachers who hold high expectations for all of their students significantly increase the odds that those young people will go on to complete high school and college. One indicator of teachers' expectations is their approach to grading--specifically, whether they subject students to more or less rigorous…
Descriptors: Grading, Academic Achievement, Teacher Expectations of Students, Grade Inflation
Winters, John V. – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
This study examines how the "college earnings premium" (CEP)--the difference in average earnings between workers with and without college education--varies across the United States. Specifically, it compares across cities, states, and rural areas the mean earnings of workers with bachelor's degrees to those with associate degrees, with…
Descriptors: College Graduates, Income, Education Work Relationship, Geographic Location
Friedberg, Solomon; Shanahan, Tim; Fennell, Francis; Fisher, Douglas; Howe, Roger – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
A decade ago, states across the nation adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in an effort to raise the academic bar for their students. This has provoked countless political battles since then--including an especially intense one in Florida. That fight culminated in Governor Ron DeSantis vowing to eliminate and replace the Common Core,…
Descriptors: Common Core State Standards, Academic Achievement, Benchmarking, Academic Standards
Vanourek, Gregg – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
Last spring, the Covid-19 pandemic upended routines for over 56 million students and challenged more than 3.7 million teachers in over 130,000 schools nationwide to continue educating kids in an online format. This transition to "virtual learning" was understandably trying for all educators, schools, and districts, but some managed to do…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, COVID-19, Pandemics, School Closing
Steinberg, Matthew P.; Yang, Haisheng – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
Study after study has found that new teachers tend to be less effective than educators with more experience. But despite having more junior staff, charter networks (referred to as CMOs) often outperform their district peers. So what's their secret? To find out, this study explores how teacher effectiveness varies and evolves across traditional and…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Improvement, Charter Schools, Public Schools
Tyner, Adam; Kabourek, Sarah – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
Curriculum experts have long argued that adopting content-rich language arts curricula would help to remedy the knowledge deficit. Another approach is simply to devote more classroom time to subjects like science and social studies. It is an open question whether more time spent on such content-rich subjects in elementary school classrooms might…
Descriptors: Social Studies, Reading Comprehension, Children, Longitudinal Studies
Millard, Lyman – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
According to a recent What Works Clearinghouse review, the most effective dropout-prevention strategy is to directly connect schoolwork to students' career aspirations. Towpath Trail High School in Akron is a real life embodiment of that strategy. Author Lyman Millard of the Bloomwell Group offers a fascinating look at a school that engages…
Descriptors: High School Students, Dropout Prevention, Occupational Aspiration, Educational Strategies
Gershenson, Seth – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
There's mounting evidence that, for children of color especially, having one or more teachers of the same race over the course of students' educational careers seems to make a positive difference. But to what extent, if any, do the benefits of having a same-race teacher vary by type of school? Existing "race-match" studies fail to…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Charter Schools, Traditional Schools, Public Schools
Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Creating smart, coherent education policy is painstaking work; there are technical, budgetary, and political challenges at almost every turn. But it is some of the most important work that state leaders can undertake. As Ohioans prepared to elect a new governor in late 2018, we at the Fordham Institute began rolling out a set of policy proposals…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Educational Policy, State Policy
Tyner, Adam; Larsen, Matthew – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Beginning in the late 1990s, many states took it upon themselves to institute end-of-course exams (EOCs) at the high school level, tests specifically designed to assess students' mastery of the content that various subject-matter courses covered. But was this testing policy good for students? "End-of-Course Exams and Student Outcomes,"…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Evaluation, Tests, Outcomes of Education
Petrilli, Michael J. – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
In recent years, we have reached a homeostasis in education policy, characterized by clearer and fairer but lighter-touch accountability systems and the incremental growth of school choice options for families--but little appetite for big and bold new initiatives. To be sure, there are still fights--battles in state legislatures between reform…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Change, Evidence Based Practice, Educational Research
Costrell, Robert; Maloney, Larry – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
At first glance, the recent teacher-retirement reforms in Ohio seem to bring good fiscal news to school systems in the Buckeye State. With Senate Bills 341 and 342--and a series of cutbacks on retiree healthcare--the Cleveland Metropolitan School District is projected to spend less on retirement costs in 2020 than it does today. But these reforms…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Public Schools, School Districts, Urban Schools
Costrell, Robert; Maloney, Larry – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Teachers and other employees of the School District of Philadelphia receive their retirement benefits from the Pennsylvania state retirement plan for schools, which includes both a defined-benefit pension plan and a modest retiree health benefit. The cost of the former is expected to rise quite substantially and, as this technical analysis will…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Public Schools, School Districts, Urban Schools
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