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Gershenson, Seth – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2020
We know from previous survey research that teachers who hold high expectations for all of their students significantly increase the odds that those young people will go on to complete high school and college. One indicator of teachers' expectations is their approach to grading--specifically, whether they subject students to more or less rigorous…
Descriptors: Grading, Academic Achievement, Teacher Expectations of Students, Grade Inflation
Petrilli, Michael J. – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
In recent years, we have reached a homeostasis in education policy, characterized by clearer and fairer but lighter-touch accountability systems and the incremental growth of school choice options for families--but little appetite for big and bold new initiatives. To be sure, there are still fights--battles in state legislatures between reform…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Change, Evidence Based Practice, Educational Research
Costrell, Robert; Maloney, Larry – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
At first glance, the recent teacher-retirement reforms in Ohio seem to bring good fiscal news to school systems in the Buckeye State. With Senate Bills 341 and 342--and a series of cutbacks on retiree healthcare--the Cleveland Metropolitan School District is projected to spend less on retirement costs in 2020 than it does today. But these reforms…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Public Schools, School Districts, Urban Schools
Costrell, Robert; Maloney, Larry – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Teachers and other employees of the School District of Philadelphia receive their retirement benefits from the Pennsylvania state retirement plan for schools, which includes both a defined-benefit pension plan and a modest retiree health benefit. The cost of the former is expected to rise quite substantially and, as this technical analysis will…
Descriptors: Retirement Benefits, Public Schools, School Districts, Urban Schools
Millard, Lyman – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
According to a recent What Works Clearinghouse review, the most effective dropout-prevention strategy is to directly connect schoolwork to students' career aspirations. Towpath Trail High School in Akron is a real life embodiment of that strategy. Author Lyman Millard of the Bloomwell Group offers a fascinating look at a school that engages…
Descriptors: High School Students, Dropout Prevention, Occupational Aspiration, Educational Strategies
Gershenson, Seth – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
There's mounting evidence that, for children of color especially, having one or more teachers of the same race over the course of students' educational careers seems to make a positive difference. But to what extent, if any, do the benefits of having a same-race teacher vary by type of school? Existing "race-match" studies fail to…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Charter Schools, Traditional Schools, Public Schools
Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Creating smart, coherent education policy is painstaking work; there are technical, budgetary, and political challenges at almost every turn. But it is some of the most important work that state leaders can undertake. As Ohioans prepared to elect a new governor in late 2018, we at the Fordham Institute began rolling out a set of policy proposals…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Educational Policy, State Policy
Tyner, Adam; Larsen, Matthew – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Beginning in the late 1990s, many states took it upon themselves to institute end-of-course exams (EOCs) at the high school level, tests specifically designed to assess students' mastery of the content that various subject-matter courses covered. But was this testing policy good for students? "End-of-Course Exams and Student Outcomes,"…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Evaluation, Tests, Outcomes of Education
Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
"Ohio Education by the Numbers" offers busy policy makers, journalists, and civic and business leaders simple and easy-to-use vital statistics about Ohio's schools and the students they serve. The facts and figures contained within offer an overview of Ohio's students; where they go to school; their achievement on national and state…
Descriptors: School Statistics, Statistical Data, Public Schools, Student Characteristics
Churchill, Aaron – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Ever since the first charter school opened in Minnesota in 1992, the battle for fair funding has raged across the land. Advocates of charters--independently run, nonprofit public schools--have pressed hard to eliminate the massive disparities in the funding that charter students receive when compared with their district-operated peers serving…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Educational Finance, Educational Equity (Finance), Equal Education
Griffith, David; Tyner, Adam – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
The public debate over discipline policy remains depressingly polarized and simplistic. Advocates of reform argue that suspensions and other forms of exclusionary discipline are associated with negative outcomes, including higher rates of criminal justice involvement--and that they are implemented unfairly. In contrast, skeptics argue that we must…
Descriptors: Discipline Policy, Change, Teacher Attitudes, African American Teachers
Sublett, Cameron; Griffith, David – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
The recent reauthorization of the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act--the principal federal education program supporting career and technical education (CTE)--expressly aims to "align workforce skills with labor market needs." "How Aligned is Career and Technical Education to Local Labor Markets?", co-authored…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Labor Market, Education Work Relationship, Alignment (Education)
Griffith, David – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Although numerous studies have examined the relative performance of charter and traditional public schools, as well as the competitive effects that charters may have on their district neighbors, to our knowledge, no prior study has addressed whether overall achievement increases as the "market share" of charter schools rises.…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Academic Achievement, Public Schools, School Districts
Polikoff, Morgan – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
Where teachers were once limited to traditional textbooks, informational texts, novels, and materials passed along by others, today the online marketplace is wide open, flush with copious materials that teachers might choose, often at little or no cost. But practically nothing is known about what these supplemental instructional materials actually…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, High Schools, Secondary School Curriculum, English Curriculum
Tyner, Adam; Munyan-Penney, Nicholas – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2018
Since the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 began holding schools accountable for high school graduation rates, multiple strategies have emerged to help more students receive their diplomas. Among the most popular and widely deployed are credit recovery programs, which allow students to "recover credits" from one or more courses that they…
Descriptors: High School Students, Credits, Required Courses, Graduation Requirements
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