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Blum, Lawrence – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
In this article, I argue (1) affirmative action diverts attention from more urgent needs of racial justice in education--better quality K-12 education, and better quality and more accessible public higher education; (2) the increasing wealth of students at affirmative action institutions is a sign of diminished quality of those students compared…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Student Diversity, Racial Relations, Social Justice
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Jacobs, Lesley A. – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
Although the policy and methodological legacy of "Equality of Educational Opportunity," the so-called Coleman Report published by the US Department of Education in 1966, is widely recognized, the way in which it played a role in shaping theorizing about equality of educational opportunity has been less well-explored. This article…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Competition, Educational Theories, Social Mobility
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Temkin, Larry S. – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
The ideal of equality of opportunity plays an important role in contemporary social and political discourse, and it is one of the few ideals which most people, across the political spectrum, accept. In this article, I argue that the seemingly widespread agreement about the value of equal opportunity is more apparent than real. I distinguish…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Affirmative Action, Quality of Life
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Thoma, Stephen J.; Bebeau, Muriel J.; Narvaez, Darcia – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
In a 2014 paper in "Theory and Research in Education," Howard Curzer and colleagues critique the Defining Issues Test of moral judgment development according to eight criteria that are described as difficulties any measure of educational outcomes must address. This article highlights how Curzer et al. do not consult existing empirical…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Moral Development, Moral Values, Values
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McDonough, Kevin; Maxwell, Bruce; Waddington, David – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
This article considers the question of whether policies that propose to forbid public officials, most notably teachers, from wearing religious clothing in the classroom can be justified by political principles of secularism--specifically, the principle of state neutrality and the principle of state autonomy from religious influence. Two prominent…
Descriptors: Religion, Ethics, State Church Separation, Public Policy
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McCowan, Tristan – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
Employability is becoming increasingly central to the mission and functioning of universities, spurred on by national and supranational agencies, and the demands of marketisation. This article provides a response to the normative dimensions of the question, progressing through four stages: first, there is a brief consideration of the meaning and…
Descriptors: Employment Potential, Universities, Educational Objectives, College Role
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Holma, Katariina; Hyytinen, Heidi – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
In higher education, "personal epistemology" is today a significant research area. Personal epistemology has been seen as promising particularly because it focuses on one of the general learning aims of many contemporary universities, namely, the development of students' creative and critical thinking. The article identifies serious…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Beliefs, Philosophy, Developmental Psychology
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Cuevas, Joshua – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
In an influential publication in 2009, a group of cognitive psychologists revealed that there was a lack of empirical evidence supporting the concept of learning styles-based instruction and provided guidelines for the type of research design necessary to verify the learning styles hypothesis. This article examined the literature since 2009 to…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Instructional Effectiveness, Literature Reviews, Hypothesis Testing
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Schouten, Gina; Brighouse, Harry – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
This article explores the ways that philosophy and evidence interact in the exploration of normative questions in philosophy of education. First, the authors provide a description of reflective equilibrium, a central method in normative philosophizing. They proceed to describe three tasks of normative philosophy, each of which requires engagement…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Case Studies, Justice
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Glass, Ronald David; Newman, Anne – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
Collaborative community-based research can bring a range of benefits to universities, communities, and the public more broadly. A distinct virtue of collaborative community-based research is that it makes the ethical-epistemic intersections and challenges in research a focal point of its methodology. This makes collaborative community-based…
Descriptors: Higher Education, School Community Relationship, Service Learning, Community Involvement
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Blum, Lawrence – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
Educational thought and research often operates with whole-race ("Black", "White", and "Asian") and whole-class ("low-income") categories. For both explaining disparities and assessing them normatively, it is essential to pay attention to subdivisions within those groups. Regarding affirmative action, on…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Race, Affirmative Action, Classification
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Lebron, Chris – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
The taking of Black life by state authorities is a long-standing tragic tradition in America. However, in recent years, instances of Black death have gained wider media attention. This is a potentially important teaching moment, especially as it regards moral virtue and racism. In this article, I argue that Blacks have been put through a kind of…
Descriptors: Moral Development, Moral Values, African Americans, Law Enforcement
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Schrag, Francis – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
The paradigm for formulating educational policy adopted by Bischoff and Shores, which appears to be the prevailing one, appears to offer no role to the citizen, rendering the paradigm suspect. The authors' honest admission of the limitations of social science knowledge undercuts the argument for the usefulness of research in this area.
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Democracy, Democratic Values, Citizen Role
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Levinson, Meira; Theisen-Homer, Victoria – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
This article combines original interviews, secondary policy analysis, and non-ideal theory to determine the "least unjust" approach to budget-driven "Reduction in Force" teacher firings in Los Angeles. Building from the a priori claim that schools should serve children's interests, this article addresses the following…
Descriptors: Interviews, School Policy, Policy Analysis, Teacher Dismissal
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White, John – Theory and Research in Education, 2015
This is a reply to six "Theory and Research in Education" commentators on views I expressed in a 2013 "Theory and Research in Education" piece about priorities in philosophy of education today. The first section is about a concession to my critics; the second, about various misconceptions in their views. The third section…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Criticism, Misconceptions, Educational History
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