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Burkholder, Leslie – Theory and Research in Education, 2021
Does the moral requirement that medical research comparing the effectiveness of two treatment methods be done only when there is community level equipoise also apply to research in teaching and learning comparing the effectiveness of two instructional methods? This article argues that it does. It evaluates three claims that the requirement does…
Descriptors: Ethics, Moral Values, Teaching Methods, Instructional Effectiveness
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Dahlbeck, Johan – Theory and Research in Education, 2021
The purpose of this article is to add to the debate on the normative status and legitimacy of indoctrination in education by drawing on the political philosophy of Benedict Spinoza (1632-1677). More specifically, I will argue that Spinoza's relational approach to knowledge formation and autonomy, in light of his understanding of the natural…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Epistemology, Concept Formation, Cognitive Processes
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Fennell, Jon; Simpson, Timothy L. – Theory and Research in Education, 2021
What would we have the school teach? To what end? In the name of democracy, and building on the pioneering epistemology of Michael Polanyi, Harry S. Broudy, a leading voice in philosophy of education during the twentieth century, calls for a liberal arts core curriculum for all. The envisioned product of such schooling is a certain sort of person.…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Role of Education, Liberal Arts, Core Curriculum
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Aquarone, Freya – Theory and Research in Education, 2021
Using data from a case-study school as a springboard, this article explores how enactments of democratic education might both problematise and illuminate new possibilities for the way we conceptualise social justice in education. Nancy Fraser's tripartite framework of social justice is used to analyse in-depth interviews with students aged 14-16…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Democracy, Citizenship Education, Social Justice
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Lamboy, Lily; Taylor, Ashley; Thompson, Winston – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
In this article, we explore the interrelated phenomena of teachers' paternalistic aims and their misattributions of the agency of their students within particular schooling contexts of systemic racial injustice in the United States. We argue that, because teachers in these contexts assess agency in patterned, predictable ways that stem from -- and…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Gender Bias, African American Students, Females
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Curren, Randall – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
This article addresses the ethical and motivational dimensions of punishment in schools, focusing on the idea of a just school community. Lawrence Kohlberg's account of a just school community is examined and systematically revised to reflect advances in psychology and a more adequate conceptualization of justice. A eudaimonic conception of…
Descriptors: Punishment, Justice, Educational Environment, Student Motivation
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Warnick, Bryan R.; Scribner, Campbell F. – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
The following article surveys changes to school punishment in the United States over the past century -- particularly, the rise of exclusionary methods and the school-to-prison pipeline -- to argue that prevailing disciplinary techniques are out of step with the developmental ethos of education and the principles of democratic oversight. To remedy…
Descriptors: Discipline, Educational Environment, School Culture, Moral Values
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Hand, Michael – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
The question of the necessity of school punishment was raised, but not satisfactorily answered, in an exchange some time ago between John Wilson and James Marshall. Wilson argued that social interaction in schools must be governed by rules and that rules only exist if violations of them are normally punished. Marshall objected that there are some…
Descriptors: Punishment, Discipline, Behavior Problems, Standards
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Coverdale, Helen Brown – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
Howard's moral fortification theory of criminal punishment lends itself to justifying correction for children in schools that is supportive. There are good reasons to include other students in the learning opportunity occasioned by doing right in response to wrong, which need not exploit the wrongdoing student as a mere means. Care ethics can…
Descriptors: Punishment, Discipline, Caring, Justice
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Tillson, John; Oxley, Laura – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
This article argues that uses of exclusion by schools in the United Kingdom (UK) often violate children's moral rights. It contends that while exclusion is not inherently incompatible with children's moral rights, current practice must be reformed to align with them. It concludes that as a non-punitive preventive measure, there may be certain…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Childrens Rights, Foreign Countries, Educational Practices
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Thompson, Winston C.; Beneke, Abigail J.; Mitchell, Garry S. – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
In the present unjust context of US schools, many educators face uncertainty about the legitimacy of their issuing punishments, especially when their identity meaningfully differs from that of their students. In this article, we address these doubts by acknowledging distinctive elements of schools to provide helpful distinctions and analyses of…
Descriptors: Justice, Identification (Psychology), Punishment, Equal Education
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Coulombe, Simon; Hardy, Kendra; Goldfarb, Rachel – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
Youth wellbeing is a pressing international problem, and it is a key concern of educational institutions, considering the substantial amount of time that youth spend in school. Educators require empirically validated and theoretically sound methods to support students' wellbeing. This article critically examines the literature on youth wellbeing…
Descriptors: Well Being, Student Centered Learning, Values Education, Holistic Approach
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D'Olimpio, Laura – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
There is a debate within philosophy of literature as to whether narrative artworks should be judged morally, for their ethical value, meaning and impact. On one side you have the aesthetes, defenders of aestheticism, who deny the ethical value of an artwork can be taken into consideration when judging the work's overall aesthetic value. Richard…
Descriptors: Art Education, Aesthetics, Value Judgment, Ethics
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Schrag, Francis – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
With respect to framework presented in K. Shores and S. Loeb's article, I answer two questions: How well does the framework map onto a real-world situation marked by conflict over fair opportunity? What use might the framework be to decision makers? [For Kenneth Shores and Susanna Loeb's "Distributive Decisions in Education: Goals,…
Descriptors: Resource Allocation, Decision Making, Models, Equal Education
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Bezalel, Glenn Y. – Theory and Research in Education, 2020
There has been a growing literature among philosophers of education on how to frame questions of moral controversy in the classroom. Through the application of hard moral cases that may be said to leave one 'morally dumbfounded', I take up Michael Hand's influential epistemic criterion and attempt to show why its monistic approach is too limited…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Educational Philosophy, Moral Development, Epistemology
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