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Liu, Dorinda Tsai-hsiu – TESL-EJ, 2020
In theoretical accounts of second language acquisition, socioeconomic status (SES) has a great impact on the second language (L2) learning outcomes, where their relationship is suggested to be indirect (Ellis, 1994; Gardner, 1985, 2007). Previous studies mostly focus on the influence of SES on L2 general proficiency or L2 academic achievements…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Socioeconomic Status
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Lehman, Clayton Wayne – TESL-EJ, 2017
The purpose of this small-scale study was to examine whether language is a factor in the reporting of bullying behavior by young English language learners enrolled in an early childhood program of an English-medium school in China. Further investigated was whether an English-only language policy affects the reporting of bullying behavior.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Early Childhood Education, Language Usage, Bullying
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Estrem, Theresa L. – TESL-EJ, 2011
This research investigated the use of a measure of expressive vocabulary to monitor the development of preschoolers learning English. Over 1200 preschoolers whose primary language was Somali, Hmong, Spanish, or English were assessed three times during one year using an Individual Growth and Development Indicator (IGDI) for Picture Naming, a…
Descriptors: Afro Asiatic Languages, Speech Communication, Hmong People, Expressive Language