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Ackerman, Kera B.; Samudre, Mark; Allday, R. Allan – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2020
When a student exhibits challenging classroom behaviors that are resistant to traditional classroom management systems, his/her individualized education program (IEP) team conducts a functional behavior assessment (FBA). The FBA process is a series of assessments designed to identify the function of the student's behavior. This is done by…
Descriptors: Token Economy, Behavior Modification, Reinforcement, Student Behavior
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Fallon, Lindsay M.; Kurtz, Kathryn D. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2019
Students may benefit from evidence-based interventions to support their classroom learning (Carmago et al., 2016). Additionally, laws and policies, such as the Every Student Succeeds Act (2015) and the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (2006), mandate the implementation of evidence-based practices to improve student outcomes in schools.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Student Behavior, Evidence Based Practice, Program Effectiveness
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Gist, Corinne – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2019
Deficits in executive functions can lead to many difficulties for students with disabilities. Research has shown a strong correlation between deficits in executive functions and deficits in academic performance and social-emotional functioning. With state testing requirements, response to intervention (RTI), and positive behavior interventions and…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Students with Disabilities, Student Behavior, Behavior Modification
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Robertson, Rachel E.; Coy, Justin N. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2019
When student behavior problems persist despite effective classroom management and vary in intensity depending on factors outside of teacher control, teachers are often left feeling discouraged and ineffective (Clunies-Ross, Little, & Kienhuis, 2008). Teachers may know how to handle behavior problems associated with classroom-based antecedents…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Environmental Influences, Intervention
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Estrapala, Sara; Rila, Ashley; Bruhn, Allison Leigh – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Students who misbehave represent a range of backgrounds, and behavior problems are likely to be present in both general and special education classrooms. To this end, thousands of schools across the country have adopted positive behavior interventions and supports (PBIS) as a way to prevent and respond to challenging behavior. PBIS is a federally…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Positive Behavior Supports, Intervention
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Burt, Jonathan L.; Whitney, Todd – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Teaching a skill within the highly controlled conditions of one setting and promoting the transfer of that skill to a less-structured setting may seem like an unattainable goal. Yet this is the challenge presented by many individualized education program (IEP) IEP objectives that involve generalization of a skill acquired in a resource room to be…
Descriptors: Individualized Education Programs, Intervention, Generalization, Skill Development
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Trump, Cary E.; Pennington, Robert C.; Travers, Jason C.; Ringdahl, Joel E.; Whiteside, Erinn E.; Ayres, Kevin M. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Applied behavior analysis (ABA), or the application of behavioral principles to important social issues, has long served a crucial role in programming for special education students. Its procedures have been well established in the research literature and many deemed as evidence-based practices for students with and without disabilities.…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Special Education, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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DiGennaro Reed, Florence D.; Blackman, Abigail L.; Erath, Tyler G.; Brand, Denys; Novak, Matthew D. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Failure to provide adequate teacher training related to a specific intervention or approach during consultation may be associated with a host of negative outcomes. Requiring teachers to implement an intervention with little to no training increases the probability that the intervention will not have the intended effect and subsequently will fail…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Preservice Teacher Education, Student Behavior, Behavior Modification
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Collins, Belva C.; Lo, Ya-yu; Park, Gwitaek; Haughney, Kathryn – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Response-prompting procedures are a form of systematic direct instruction based on the principles of ABA. Researchers have identified six specific and distinct response-prompting procedures for teaching both academic and functional skills: (1) graduated guidance; (2) most-to-least prompting; (3) system of least prompts; (4) progressive time delay;…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Prompting, Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Phillips, Lauren A.; Briggs, Adam M.; Fisher, Wayne W.; Greer, Brian D. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2018
Elopement occurs when an individual runs away from or leaves a supervised area. Elopement is a dangerous behavior that requires diligence from school personnel in order to effectively reduce its occurrence. Using a step-by-step process to identify the reasons goal-directed elopement occurs and then implementing an intervention to effectively teach…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Intervention, Behavior Modification
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Lewis, Timothy J.; Hatton, Heather L.; Jorgenson, Courtney; Maynard, Deanna – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
New--and often veteran--teachers find managing significant inappropriate student behavior a formidable challenge. Although more severe inappropriate behaviors, such as aggression, often receive attention in the professional literature, survey research has shown that the high frequency of milder inappropriate behaviors (e.g., disruptions,…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Behavior Modification, Functional Behavioral Assessment
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Myers, Diane; Freeman, Jennifer; Simonsen, Brandi; Sugai, George – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
Effective and engaging instruction is the cornerstone of any well-managed classroom. Even the best behavior support practices will not lead to academic achievement if the academic instruction is ineffective. Specific teacher practices associated with improved student behavior include high rates of opportunities to respond, direct instruction, and…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Student Behavior, Standards, Feedback (Response)
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TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
In fall 2014, the Council for Exceptional Children's (CEC) Board of Directors approved a proposal from the Professional Standards and Practice Committee (PSPC) to develop a set of high-leverage practices (HLPs) for special education teachers. The CEEDAR Center at the University of Florida, which is funded by the U.S. Department of Education's…
Descriptors: Special Education Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Best Practices, Teacher Effectiveness
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Schulze, Margaret A. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2016
Self-management is a set of procedures that students can be taught to apply to their own behaviors to change them. In self-management, students are taught to observe, assess, and modify their own behavior. These procedures include such things as self-identifying and observing a target behavior and setting a goal to change it. Self-management…
Descriptors: Self Management, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Chai, Zhen; Lieberman-Betz, Rebecca – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2016
Challenging behavior can be defined as any repeated pattern of behavior, or perception of behavior, that interferes with or is at risk of interfering with optimal learning or engagement in prosocial interactions with peers and adults. It is generally accepted in young children that challenging behaviors serve some sort of communicative purpose--to…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Young Children, Parent Role, Family Environment
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