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Xu, Ting Sophia; Zhang, Lawrence Jun; Gaffney, Janet S. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
While many studies have investigated the effect of task complexity on L2 writing, little has been reported on the effects of intended task complexity manipulations on task-generated cognitive demands in L2 writing. This study, therefore, was designed to examine the relative effects of task complexity and cognitive demands on students' L2 writing.…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Second Language Learning, Difficulty Level, Cognitive Processes
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Botezatu, Mona Roxana; Guo, Taomei; Kroll, Judith F.; Peterson, Sarah; Garcia, Dalia L. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
We evaluated external and internal sources of variation in second language (L2) and native language (L1) proficiency among college students. One hundred and twelve native-English L2 learners completed measures of L1 and L2 speaking proficiency, working memory, and cognitive control and provided self-ratings of language exposure and use. When…
Descriptors: Language Proficiency, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Native Language
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Geiss, Miriam; Gumbsheimer, Sonja; Lloyd-Smith, Anika; Schmid, Svenja; Kupisch, Tanja – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
This study brings together two previously largely independent fields of multilingual language acquisition: heritage language and third language (L3) acquisition. We investigate the production of fortis and lenis stops in semi-naturalistic speech in the three languages of 20 heritage speakers (HSs) of Italian with German as a majority language and…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, German, Italian, English (Second Language)
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In'nami, Yo; Hijikata, Yuko; Koizumi, Rie – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
The relationship between working memory (WM) and second-language (L2) reading has been extensively examined, with mixed results. Our meta-analysis models the potential impact of under-researched variables considered to moderate this relationship. Results from 74 studies (228 correlations) showed a significant, small relationship between WM and L2…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, Task Analysis
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Nisbet, Kelly; Bertram, Raymond; Erlinghagen, Charlotte; Pieczykolan, Aleks; Kuperman, Victor – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
This study is a comparative examination of reading behavior of first-language (L1) Canadian and second-language (L2) Finnish and German readers of English. We measured eye-movement patterns during reading the same set of English sentences and administered tests of English vocabulary, spelling, and exposure to print. The core of our study is a…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, English (Second Language), Finno Ugric Languages, German
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Ortín, Ramsés; Simonet, Miquel – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
One feature of Spanish that presents some difficulties to second language (L2) learners whose first language (L1) is English concerns lexical stress. This study explores one aspect of the obstacle these learners face, weak phonological processing routines concerning stress inherited from their native language. Participants were L1 English L2…
Descriptors: Spanish, Second Language Learning, Phonology, Suprasegmentals
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Suzuki, Yuichi; Hanzawa, Keiko – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
To examine the effects of task repetition with different schedules, English-as-a-foreign-language classroom learners performed the same oral narrative task six times under three different schedules. They narrated the same six-frame cartoon story (a) six times consecutively in one class (massed practice), (b) three times at the beginning and at the…
Descriptors: Repetition, Task Analysis, Second Language Learning, English (Second Language)
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Ahn, Hyunah – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
This study investigates how linguistic and nonlinguistic information interacts in second language (L2) sentence processing. Previous studies argued that L2 behaviors might stem from how L2 speakers rely more on one type of information over another. However, direct attempts have not been made to test the (dis)agreement of different information…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Language Processing, Sentences, Linguistics
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McCarthy, Kathleen M.; de Leeuw, Esther – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
The primary aim of this study was to investigate prosodic prominence across three groups of Sylheti-English bilinguals: first-generation who arrived as adults, first-generation who arrived as children, and second-generation, i.e., born in the United Kingdom to parents who grew up in Bangladesh. To measure prominence, f0, duration, and intensity…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, English (Second Language), Language Usage, Indo European Languages
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Nagle, Charles L.; Baese-Berk, Melissa M. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
One of the basic goals of second language (L2) speech research is to understand the perception-production link, or the relationship between L2 speech perception and L2 speech production. Although many studies have examined the link, they have done so with strikingly different conceptual foci and methods. Even studies that appear to use similar…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Speech, Auditory Perception, Theory Practice Relationship
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Bordag, Denisa; Opitz, Andreas – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
In two visual priming experiments, we investigated the relation of form-identical word forms with different grammatical functions in L1 and L2 German. Four different grammatical types (inflected verbs, infinitives, deverbal conversion forms, and countable nouns) were used as primes and their influence on the processing of form-identical inflected…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Native Language
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Webb, Stuart; Chang, Anna C.-S. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
There has been little research investigating how mode of input affects incidental vocabulary learning, and no study examining how it affects the learning of multiword items. The aim of this study was to investigate incidental learning of L2 collocations in three different modes: reading, listening, and reading while listening. One hundred…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Phrase Structure, Undergraduate Students, Comparative Analysis
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Saito, Kazuya; Sun, Hui; Kachlicka, Magdalena; Alayo, John Robert Carvajal; Nakata, Tatsuya; Tierney, Adam – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
In this study, we propose a hypothesis that domain-general auditory processing, a perceptual anchor of L1 acquisition, can serve as the foundation of successful post-pubertal L2 learning. This hypothesis was tested with 139 post-pubertal L2 immersion learners by linking individual differences in auditory discrimination across multiple acoustic…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Auditory Perception, Native Language, Linguistic Theory
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Fu, Mengxia; Li, Shaofeng – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
This article reports on a study exploring the differential effects of immediate and delayed corrective feedback (CF) on the acquisition of the English past tense. One hundred and forty-five seventh-grade EFL learners were assigned to four groups: Immediate CF, Delayed CF, Task Only, and Control. Each experimental group performed six focused…
Descriptors: Error Correction, Feedback (Response), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Zaltz, Yael; Segal, Osnat – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2022
The acquisition of a second language (L2) may be challenging in adulthood, as the phonological system of the native language (L1) can sometimes limit the perception of phonological contrasts in L2. The present study aimed to (a) examine the influence of an L1 (Hebrew) that lacks a phonemic contrast for vowel length on the ability to discriminate…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Vowels, Native Language, Second Language Learning
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