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Pelzl, Eric; Lau, Ellen F.; Guo, Taomei; DeKeyser, Robert – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
It is commonly believed that second language (L2) acquisition of lexical tones presents a major challenge for learners from nontonal language backgrounds. This belief is somewhat at odds with research that consistently shows beginning learners making quick gains through focused tone training, as well as research showing advanced learners achieving…
Descriptors: Advanced Students, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Intonation
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Saito, Kazuya; Suzukida, Yui; Sun, Hui – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
The current study longitudinally examined the influence of aptitude on second language (L2) pronunciation development when 40 first-year Japanese university students engaged in practice activities inside and outside English-as-a-Foreign-Language classrooms over one academic year. Spontaneous speech samples were elicited at the beginning, middle,…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Pronunciation, Pronunciation Instruction
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De Jong, Nivja H.; Mora, Joan C. – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
Speaking fluently requires three main processes to run smoothly: conceptualization, formulation, and articulation. This study investigates to what extent fluency in spontaneous speech in both first (L1) and second (L2) languages can be explained by individual differences in articulatory skills. A group of L2 English learners (n = 51) performed…
Descriptors: Native Language, Second Language Learning, Language Fluency, Speech Communication
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Shea, Christine – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
This study examines how dominance and proficiency relate to Spanish heritage speaker vowel productions. Participants' normalized vowel measurements were compared to nonheritage native speakers of Spanish and English using the Pillai score, an output of Multivariate Analysis of Variances (MANOVAs) that allows comparisons across distributions of two…
Descriptors: Language Dominance, Native Language, Language Proficiency, Spanish
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van Maastricht, Lieke; Krahmer, Emiel; Swerts, Marc; Prieto, Pilar – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
This study examines the acquisition process of speech rhythm in Dutch learners of Spanish (DLS) and Spanish learners of Dutch (SLD) at different proficiency levels to determine whether learning direction affects the success of rhythm acquisition in a foreign language (L2). Analyses of lengthening effects showed that the two learner groups followed…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Spanish, Language Rhythm
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Yuan, Chenjie; González-Fuente, Santiago; Baills, Florence; Prieto, Pilar – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
Recent studies on the learning of L2 prosody have suggested that pitch gestures can enhance the learning of the L2 lexical tones. Yet it remains unclear whether the use of these gestures can aid the learning of L2 intonation, especially by tonal-language speakers. Sixty-four Mandarin speakers with basic-level Spanish were asked to learn three…
Descriptors: Spanish, Mandarin Chinese, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Eger, Nikola Anna; Reinisch, Eva – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
The speech of second language learners is often influenced by phonetic patterns of their first language. This can make them difficult to understand, but sometimes for listeners of the same first language to a lesser extent than for native listeners. The present study investigates listeners' awareness of the accent by asking whether accented speech…
Descriptors: Role, Acoustics, Cues, Auditory Perception
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Segal, Osnat; Kishon-Rabin, Liat – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
Arabic stress is predictable, varies across words, and does not have a contrastive role, whereas, Hebrew stress although nonpredictable, carries contrastive value. Stress processing was assessed in speakers of the two languages at three processing levels: discrimination, short-term memory, and metalinguistic awareness. In Experiment 1, Arabic…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Native Language, Metalinguistics, Phonology
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Baills, Florence; Suárez-González, Nerea; González-Fuente, Santiago; Prieto, Pilar – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2019
This study investigates the perception and production of a specific type of metaphoric gesture that mimics melody in speech, also called "pitch gesture," in the learning of L2 suprasegmental features. In a between-subjects design, a total of 106 participants with no previous knowledge of Chinese were asked to observe (Experiment 1) and…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Phonology
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De Cat, Cecile; Gusnanto, Arief; Serratrice, Ludovica – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
The literature exploring the executive function correlates of bilingualism is vast, but to date, few studies have concentrated on children, for whom the bilingual advantage appears even more inconsistent than for adults. We investigate a highly heterogeneous group of children (in terms of bilingual experience and socioeconomic status) and identify…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Bilingualism, Children, Socioeconomic Status
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Solovyeva, Katya; DeKeyser, Robert – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
Response time variability and its changes over time have been interpreted as indicative of levels of knowledge automatization. Predominantly, only declines in variability have been examined over the course of practice and growing second language proficiency. We discuss possible scenarios that may involve increasing, rather than declining…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Vocabulary Development, Memory, Learning Processes
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Zhang, Haomin; Koda, Keiko – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
This exploratory study aimed to examine whether early exposure to Chinese as a heritage language (CHL) provides facilitation in word-knowledge development in collegiate CHL learners by comparing word-level subskills, including oral vocabulary knowledge, print vocabulary knowledge, morphological awareness, and lexical inferencing ability, between…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Vocabulary Development, Chinese, Heritage Education
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Marsden, Heather; Whong, Melinda; Gil, Kook-Hee – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
This paper presents an experimental study of the rarely explored question of how input through instruction interacts with L2 acquisition at the level of modular linguistic knowledge. The investigation focuses on L2 knowledge of the English polarity item "any," whose properties are only partially covered by typical language-teaching…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Linguistic Input
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Hopp, Holger; Lemmerth, Natalia – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
This article investigates how lexical and syntactic differences in L1 and L2 grammatical gender affect L2 predictive gender processing. In a visual-world eye-tracking experiment, 24 L1 Russian adult learners and 15 native speakers of German were tested. Both Russian and German have three gender classes. Yet, they differ in lexical congruency, that…
Descriptors: Syntax, Second Language Learning, Form Classes (Languages), Russian
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Hamrick, Phillip; Sachs, Rebecca – Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 2018
Artificial linguistic systems (ALSs) offer many potential benefits for second language acquisition (SLA) research. Nonetheless, their use in experiments with posttest-only designs can give rise to internal validity problems depending on the baseline that is employed to establish evidence of learning. Researchers in this area often compare…
Descriptors: Artificial Languages, Second Language Learning, Statistical Analysis, Control Groups
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