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Layton, David; And Others – Studies in Science Education, 1986
Addresses the need for a public understanding of science. Presents both an historical perspective and a current view of the public's understanding of science. Reviews international examples of adult science programs and discusses the need for adult scientific literacy. (ML)
Descriptors: Adult Learning, International Educational Exchange, Public Opinion, Science and Society
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King, Kenneth – Studies in Science Education, 1986
Provides a review of the range of innovative science activities in India. Points out some of the parallels with science and science education issues in India and in other countries. Offers perspectives on the state of nonformal science for the public and reforms of science in the schools of India. (ML)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Educational Innovation, Foreign Countries, National Programs
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Garrett, R. M. – Studies in Science Education, 1986
Reviews studies related to problem solving in science education. Discusses findings in the areas of investigative methods, improvement of problem-solving abilities, task variables (puzzles, problems), and subject variables (cognitive structures, developmental factors, disposition). (ML)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Instructional Improvement, Literature Reviews, Predictor Variables
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Driver, Rosalind; Oldham, Valerie – Studies in Science Education, 1986
Reviews the purposes, underlying assumptions, and curriculum development model for the United Kingdom's "Children's Learning in Science Project." Explains the general features and phases of the constructivist approach to learning that the program advocates. Identifies theoretical developments on children's ideas, the constructivist view…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Concept Formation, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education
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Bryce, T. G. K.; Robertson, I. J. – Studies in Science Education, 1985
Reviews studies focusing on practical assessment in science. Areas considered include what students are really doing in laboratories, how practical skills should be assessed, methods used to assess practical science (such as internal/external examinations and continuous assessment), methodological issues, and reasons for the failure of some…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Laboratory Procedures
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Hodson, Derek – Studies in Science Education, 1985
This review is organized under these headings: aims of science education; the image of science; why a philosophy of science; the nature of scientific knowledge and the role of theory; scientific method; practice of science by the community of scientists; and the role of practical work. (JN)
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Literature Reviews, Philosophy, Science Curriculum
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Osborne, Roger; Wittrock, Merlin – Studies in Science Education, 1985
Suggesting that learning be considered as a generative process, attempts to: (1) place generative learning ideas in the context of other viewpoints of learning; (2) explicate key postulates of the generative learning model; and (3) examine implications of these theoretical ideas for teaching, learning, curriculum development, and research. (JN)
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning
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Studies in Science Education, 1985
Lists theses and dissertations for degrees in British universities completed during 1982-83 and 1983-84, including some not previously listed. They are arranged under 18 headings reflecting studies of teaching/learning in biology, chemistry, physics, technology, elementary and secondary school mathematics, schools and industry, computers,…
Descriptors: Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
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McConnell, Mary C. – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Against the background of the current crisis in science education, discusses various aspects of science/technology/society (STS) curriculum and instruction, including the need for new definition of science education, social science education and STS, and STS curriculum materials. Also provides a framework for educating about STS. (JN)
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Science Curriculum, Science Education, Science Instruction
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Gaskell, P. James – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Discusses interests of various social groups in supporting trend to help students relate science to current issues and practical applications, pointing to issues in science/technology/society (STS) curricula that need to be addressed by science teachers and describing some organizational decisions that need to be made in developing STS curriculum…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Curriculum Development, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries
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Nelkin, Dorothy – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Reviews issues involved in demands for greater public participation in science and technology policy. Analyzes sources of conflict and various "publics" involved, describing diverse fears about science/technology leading to participatory demands. The central and pervasive issue (the source of many conflicts) is the question of who…
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Decision Making, Policy Formation
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Manthorpe, Catherine A. – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Drawing on British publications, three general issues related to girls and science education are discussed: demands of state and industry, equality of opportunity, and the nature of science and the scientific enterprise. (JN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, College Science, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education
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Kaminski, Donna M. – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Presents an annotated bibliography of 62 British entries on girls and science/mathematics. Arranged alphabetically by author/institution, annotations are detailed to avoid having to locate each reference itself. Topics include, among others, sex differences, sex bias in textbooks, and achievement. (JN)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Annotated Bibliographies, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education
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Garrett, R. M.; Roberts, I. F. – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Reviews research on demonstration versus small group instruction in four phases (up to 1926, 1926-1946, 1946-1960, and 1960-present), reflecting progressive stages with respect to the development of the investigational techniques used in the studies. (Author/JN)
Descriptors: College Science, Demonstrations (Educational), Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education
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Wubbels, Th.; And Others – Studies in Science Education, 1982
Describes research on early experiences (reality shock) of young teachers at the beginning of their careers, indicating roots of these experiences. Also describes teacher training courses (focusing on pre-service training for physics teachers and in-service training for new teachers) designed to help teachers cope with reality shock and its…
Descriptors: Coping, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Inservice Teacher Education
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