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Engzell, Per – Sociology of Education, 2019
Why is it that children of immigrants often outdo their ethnic majority peers in educational aspirations yet struggle to keep pace with their achievements? This article advances the explanation that many immigrant communities, while positively selected on education, still have moderate absolute levels of schooling. Therefore, parents' education…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Academic Aspiration, Academic Achievement, Parent Background
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Binder, Amy J.; Abel, Andrea R. – Sociology of Education, 2019
The study of elites is enjoying a revival at a time of increasing economic inequality. Sociologists of education have been leaders in this area, researching how affluent families position their children to compete favorably in a highly stratified higher education system. However, scholars have done less research on how students do symbolic work of…
Descriptors: Selective Admission, Liberal Arts, Undergraduate Students, Social Status
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Pyne, Jaymes – Sociology of Education, 2019
We know far less about the unintended social-psychological consequences of out-of-school suspensions on students than we do of the academic, behavioral, and civic consequences. Drawing on theories of socialization and deviance, I explore how suspension events influence students' emotional engagement in school through changes in their attitudes.…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Suspension, Emotional Response, Learner Engagement
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Caven, Meg – Sociology of Education, 2019
Public education relies heavily on data to document stratified inputs and outcomes, and to design interventions aimed at reducing disparities. Yet despite the promise and prevalence of data-driven policies and practices, inequalities persist. Indeed, contemporary scholarship has begun to question whether and how processes such as quantification…
Descriptors: School Closing, Public Schools, Intervention, Equal Education
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Johnson, Anthony M. – Sociology of Education, 2019
Drawing on interviews with 38 black and Latino/a engineering students at a predominantly white, elite university, I use a cultural analytic framework to explicate the role of pre-college integration in the heterogeneous psychosocial and academic experiences of students of color on predominantly white campuses. I identify three cultural strategies…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, African American Students, Engineering Education, College Students
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Dumont, Hanna; Klinge, Denise; Maaz, Kai – Sociology of Education, 2019
We analyze the subtle mechanisms at work in the interaction between families and schools that underlie social inequalities at the transition point from elementary school into secondary-school tracks in Berlin, Germany. We do so by combining quantitative data from a large-scale survey and assessment study (N = 3,935 students and their parents) with…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Track System (Education), Correlation, Family School Relationship
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Gil-Hernández, Carlos J. – Sociology of Education, 2019
This article bridges the literature on educational inequality between and within families to test whether high--socioeconomic status (SES) families compensate for low cognitive ability in the transition to secondary education in Germany. The German educational system of early-ability tracking (at age 10) represents a stringent setting for the…
Descriptors: Twins, Cognitive Ability, Socioeconomic Status, Secondary Education
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Chua, Vincent; Swee, Eik Leong; Wellman, Barry – Sociology of Education, 2019
Is education the social leveler it promises to be? Nowhere is this question better addressed than in Singapore, the emblematic modern-day meritocracy where education has long been hailed as the most important ticket to elite status. In particular, what accounts for gender and ethnic gaps in enrollment into Singapore's elite junior colleges--the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Private Colleges, Two Year Colleges, Neighborhoods
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Kosyakova, Yuliya; Gerber, Theodore P. – Sociology of Education, 2019
Adult education influences how labor market opportunities are structured in the later life course. We propose a theoretical framework for understanding the stratifying role of adult education resting on the distinction between two forms of adult education--upgrading and sidestepping: Resources, incentives, and selection processes systematically…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Education, Educational History, Educational Change
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Raabe, Isabel J.; Boda, Zsófia; Stadtfeld, Christoph – Sociology of Education, 2019
Individuals' favorite subjects in school can predetermine their educational and occupational careers. If girls develop weaker preferences for science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), it can contribute to macrolevel gender inequalities in income and status. Relying on large-scale panel data on adolescents from Sweden (218 classrooms,…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Social Influences, Career Choice, STEM Education
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Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn; Jennings, Jennifer L.; Corcoran, Sean P.; Baker-Smith, Elizabeth Christine; Hailey, Chantal – Sociology of Education, 2018
Given the dominance of residentially based school assignment, prior researchers have conceptualized K-12 enrollment decisions as beyond the purview of school actors. This paper questions the continued relevance of this assumption by studying the behavior of guidance counselors charged with implementing New York City's universal high school choice…
Descriptors: High School Students, School Choice, School Policy, School Counselors
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Rosenqvist, Erik – Sociology of Education, 2018
Peers have a paradoxical influence on each other's educational decisions. On one hand, students are prone to conform to each other's ambitious educational decisions and, on the other hand, are discouraged from ambitious decisions when surrounded by successful peers. In this study I examine how peers influence each other's decision to apply to an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Peer Influence, Secondary School Students, Achievement
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Golann, Joanne W. – Sociology of Education, 2018
In the past, sociologists have provided keen insights into the work of teaching, but classic studies by scholars like Dan Lortie and Willard Waller are now decades old. With the current emphasis on teacher evaluation and accountability, the field is ripe for new sociological studies of teaching. How do we understand the work of teaching in this…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, Socialization, Middle School Teachers
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Owens, Ann – Sociology of Education, 2018
Large achievement gaps exist between high- and low-income students and between black and white students. This article explores one explanation for such gaps: income segregation between school districts, which creates inequality in the economic and social resources available in advantaged and disadvantaged students' school contexts. Drawing on…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Race
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Zarifa, David; Kim, Jeannie; Seward, Brad; Walters, David – Sociology of Education, 2018
Despite improved access in expanded postsecondary systems, the great majority of bachelor's degree graduates are taking considerably longer than the allotted four years to complete their four-year degrees. Taking longer to finish one's BA has become so pervasive in the United States that it has become the norm for official statistics released by…
Descriptors: Time to Degree, Social Class, Bachelors Degrees, College Graduates
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