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Austin, Megan – Sociology of Education, 2020
This article presents a new measure of curricular intensity that is objective, parsimonious, clearly defined, replicable, and comparable over time for use by researchers interested in examining trends, causes, and outcomes of high school course taking. After proposing a reduced-form version of Adelman's curricular intensity index comprised of…
Descriptors: High Schools, Secondary School Curriculum, English Instruction, Science Instruction
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Furuta, Jared – Sociology of Education, 2020
This article examines global changes in tracking policies over the post-World War II period. Using a newly constructed quantitative panel data set of 139 countries from 1960 to 2010, I show that a majority of countries around the world have shifted away from sharply tracked institutions at the junior secondary level toward more formally…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Civil Rights, Educational History, Equal Education
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Pyne, Jaymes; Grodsky, Eric – Sociology of Education, 2020
Recent efforts to understand aggregate student loan debt have shifted the focus away from undergraduate borrowing and toward dramatically rising debt among graduate and professional students. We suggest educational debt plays a key role in social stratification by either deterring bachelor's degree holders from disadvantaged and underrepresented…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Student Financial Aid, Debt (Financial), Graduate Students
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Geven, Sara; van de Werfhorst, Herman G. – Sociology of Education, 2020
In this article, we study the relationship between intergenerational networks in classrooms (i.e., relationships among parents in classrooms, and between parents and their children's classmates) and students' grades. Using panel data on complete classroom networks of approximately 3,000 adolescents and their parents in approximately 200 classes in…
Descriptors: Parent School Relationship, Parent Participation, Interpersonal Relationship, Students
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Aurini, Janice; Missaghian, Rod; Milian, Roger Pizarro – Sociology of Education, 2020
This article draws from American research on ''concerted cultivation'' to compare the parenting logics of 41 upper-middle-class parents in Toronto, Canada. We consider not only how parents structure their children's after-school time (what parents do) but also how the broader ecology of schooling informs their parenting logics (how they…
Descriptors: Social Stratification, Social Behavior, Comparative Analysis, Advantaged
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Brint, Steven; German, Komi T.; Anderson-Natale, Kayleigh; Shuker, Zeinab F.; Wang, Suki – Sociology of Education, 2020
Status transmission theory argues that leading educational institutions prepare individuals from privileged backgrounds for positions of prestige and power in their societies. We examine the educational backgrounds of more than 2,900 members of the U.S. cultural elite and compare these backgrounds to a sample of nearly 4,000 business and political…
Descriptors: Educational Background, Advantaged, Colleges, Status
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Rauscher, Emily – Sociology of Education, 2020
Contradictory evidence of the relationship between education funding and student achievement could reflect heterogeneous effects by revenue source or student characteristics. This study examines potential heterogeneous effects of a particular type of local revenue--bond funds for capital investments--on achievement by socioeconomic status.…
Descriptors: School Districts, Bond Issues, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement
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Quadlin, Natasha – Sociology of Education, 2020
Research shows that college students choose majors for a variety of reasons. Some students are motivated by potential economic returns, others want to take engaging classes, and others still would like opportunities to help people in their jobs. But how do these preferences map onto students' actual major choices? This question is particularly…
Descriptors: Preferences, Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials
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Hofflinger, Alvaro; von Hippel, Paul T. – Sociology of Education, 2020
Debates in education policy draw on different theories about how to raise children's achievement. The "school competition" theory holds that achievement rises when students can choose among competing schools. The "school resources" theory holds that achievement rises with schools' resources per student. The "family…
Descriptors: School Choice, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Mathematics Achievement
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Engzell, Per – Sociology of Education, 2019
Why is it that children of immigrants often outdo their ethnic majority peers in educational aspirations yet struggle to keep pace with their achievements? This article advances the explanation that many immigrant communities, while positively selected on education, still have moderate absolute levels of schooling. Therefore, parents' education…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Academic Aspiration, Academic Achievement, Parent Background
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Binder, Amy J.; Abel, Andrea R. – Sociology of Education, 2019
The study of elites is enjoying a revival at a time of increasing economic inequality. Sociologists of education have been leaders in this area, researching how affluent families position their children to compete favorably in a highly stratified higher education system. However, scholars have done less research on how students do symbolic work of…
Descriptors: Selective Admission, Liberal Arts, Undergraduate Students, Social Status
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Pyne, Jaymes – Sociology of Education, 2019
We know far less about the unintended social-psychological consequences of out-of-school suspensions on students than we do of the academic, behavioral, and civic consequences. Drawing on theories of socialization and deviance, I explore how suspension events influence students' emotional engagement in school through changes in their attitudes.…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Suspension, Emotional Response, Learner Engagement
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Caven, Meg – Sociology of Education, 2019
Public education relies heavily on data to document stratified inputs and outcomes, and to design interventions aimed at reducing disparities. Yet despite the promise and prevalence of data-driven policies and practices, inequalities persist. Indeed, contemporary scholarship has begun to question whether and how processes such as quantification…
Descriptors: School Closing, Public Schools, Intervention, Equal Education
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Johnson, Anthony M. – Sociology of Education, 2019
Drawing on interviews with 38 black and Latino/a engineering students at a predominantly white, elite university, I use a cultural analytic framework to explicate the role of pre-college integration in the heterogeneous psychosocial and academic experiences of students of color on predominantly white campuses. I identify three cultural strategies…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, African American Students, Engineering Education, College Students
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Dryden-Peterson, Sarah; Adelman, Elizabeth; Bellino, Michelle J.; Chopra, Vidur – Sociology of Education, 2019
This article explores the understood purposes of refugee education at global, national, and school levels. To do so, we focus on a radical shift in global policy to integrate refugees into national education systems and the processes of vernacularization accompanying its widespread implementation. We use a comparative case study approach; our…
Descriptors: Role of Education, Refugees, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
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