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Furuta, Jared – Sociology of Education, 2021
National high-stakes exams are a fundamental structural feature of education systems around the world. Despite their importance in shaping educational stratification, little is known about the social processes that influence how and why national high-stakes exams are used at early ages on a global basis. I argue that global trends in the use of…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, High Stakes Tests, Foreign Countries, Comparative Education
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Schofer, Evan; Ramirez, Francisco O.; Meyer, John W. – Sociology of Education, 2021
The advent of mass schooling played a pivotal role in European societies of the later nineteenth century, transforming rural peasants into national citizens. The late-twentieth-century global expansion of higher education ushered in new transformations, propelling societal rationalization and organizing, and knitting the world into a more…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Outcomes of Education, Global Approach, Politics of Education
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Quadlin, Natasha; Conwell, Jordan A. – Sociology of Education, 2021
This article assesses the relationships between race, gender, and parental college savings. Some prior studies have investigated race differences in parental college savings, yet none have taken an intersectional approach, and most of these studies were conducted with cohorts of students who predate key demographic changes among U.S. college goers…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Money Management, Paying for College, Longitudinal Studies
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Haber, Jaren R. – Sociology of Education, 2021
Research shows charter schools are more segregated by race and class than are traditional public schools. I investigate an underexamined mechanism for this segregation: Charter schools project identities corresponding to parents' race- and class-specific parenting styles and educational values. I use computational text analysis to detect the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Segregation, Race, Social Class
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Schudde, Lauren; Jabbar, Huriya; Hartman, Catherine – Sociology of Education, 2021
Broad higher education contexts shape how community college students and postsecondary personnel approach transfer from community colleges to baccalaureate-granting institutions. We leverage the concept of strategic action fields, an organizational theory illuminating processes that play out as actors determine "who gets what" in an…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Transfer Students, Transfer Policy
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Conwell, Jordan A. – Sociology of Education, 2021
In recent decades, the black-white test score disparity has decreased, and the test score disparity between children of high- versus low-income parents has increased. This study focuses on a comparison that has, to date, fallen between the separate literatures on these diverging trends: black and white students whose parents have similarly low,…
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Family Income, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gap
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Cheng, Albert; Peterson, Paul E. – Sociology of Education, 2021
For decades, social theorists have posited--and descriptive accounts have shown--that students isolated by both social class and ethnicity suffer extreme deprivations that limit the effectiveness of equal-opportunity interventions. Even educational programs that yield positive results for moderately disadvantaged students may not prove beneficial…
Descriptors: Educational Vouchers, Disadvantaged Youth, Urban Schools, Minority Group Students
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Witteveen, Dirk – Sociology of Education, 2021
Existing research generally confirms a countercyclical education enrollment, whereby youths seek shelter in the educational system to avoid hardships in the labor market: the "discouraged worker" thesis. Alternatively, the "encouraged worker" thesis predicts that economic downturns steer individuals away from education because…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Reentry Students, Foreign Countries, Enrollment
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Moss-Pech, Corey; Lopez, Steven H.; Michaels, Laurie – Sociology of Education, 2021
Scholarship on adult education throughout the life course focuses on the relationship between education and upward mobility. Scholars rarely examine how adults' educational aspirations or trajectories are affected by downward mobility or an increasingly precarious labor market. Drawing on in-depth qualitative interviews with 21 job seekers in the…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Educational Attainment, Education Work Relationship, Academic Aspiration
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Aurini, Janice; Missaghian, Rod; Milian, Roger Pizarro – Sociology of Education, 2020
This article draws from American research on ''concerted cultivation'' to compare the parenting logics of 41 upper-middle-class parents in Toronto, Canada. We consider not only how parents structure their children's after-school time (what parents do) but also how the broader ecology of schooling informs their parenting logics (how they…
Descriptors: Social Stratification, Social Behavior, Comparative Analysis, Advantaged
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Brint, Steven; German, Komi T.; Anderson-Natale, Kayleigh; Shuker, Zeinab F.; Wang, Suki – Sociology of Education, 2020
Status transmission theory argues that leading educational institutions prepare individuals from privileged backgrounds for positions of prestige and power in their societies. We examine the educational backgrounds of more than 2,900 members of the U.S. cultural elite and compare these backgrounds to a sample of nearly 4,000 business and political…
Descriptors: Educational Background, Advantaged, Colleges, Status
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Rauscher, Emily – Sociology of Education, 2020
Contradictory evidence of the relationship between education funding and student achievement could reflect heterogeneous effects by revenue source or student characteristics. This study examines potential heterogeneous effects of a particular type of local revenue--bond funds for capital investments--on achievement by socioeconomic status.…
Descriptors: School Districts, Bond Issues, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement
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Quadlin, Natasha – Sociology of Education, 2020
Research shows that college students choose majors for a variety of reasons. Some students are motivated by potential economic returns, others want to take engaging classes, and others still would like opportunities to help people in their jobs. But how do these preferences map onto students' actual major choices? This question is particularly…
Descriptors: Preferences, Majors (Students), Gender Differences, Salary Wage Differentials
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Hofflinger, Alvaro; von Hippel, Paul T. – Sociology of Education, 2020
Debates in education policy draw on different theories about how to raise children's achievement. The "school competition" theory holds that achievement rises when students can choose among competing schools. The "school resources" theory holds that achievement rises with schools' resources per student. The "family…
Descriptors: School Choice, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, Mathematics Achievement
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Austin, Megan – Sociology of Education, 2020
This article presents a new measure of curricular intensity that is objective, parsimonious, clearly defined, replicable, and comparable over time for use by researchers interested in examining trends, causes, and outcomes of high school course taking. After proposing a reduced-form version of Adelman's curricular intensity index comprised of…
Descriptors: High Schools, Secondary School Curriculum, English Instruction, Science Instruction
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