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Brown, Bailey A. – Sociology of Education, 2022
Expanded school-choice policies have weakened the traditional link between residence and school assignment. These policies have created new school options and new labor for families to manage and divide. Drawing on interviews with 90 mothers and 12 fathers of elementary-age children, I demonstrate that mothers across class, racial, and ethnic…
Descriptors: School Choice, Mothers, Fathers, Decision Making
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Lei, Lei – Sociology of Education, 2022
Many developing countries have experienced increasing spatial inequality, but little is known about the effect of community disadvantages on educational attainment in these societies. Using data from the China Family Panel Studies (2010-2016), I examine the effect of community socioeconomic status (SES) on the transition into high school in urban…
Descriptors: Correlation, Socioeconomic Influences, Urban Areas, Socialization
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Chen, Kenneth Han; Berman, Elizabeth Popp – Sociology of Education, 2022
The meritocratic ideal prescribes that universities should admit students based on academic ability and individual effort. Yet as competition for scarce slots has increased, markets for services to improve the odds of admission have expanded. We use the case of a popular online forum for elite Taiwanese students seeking graduate study in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Admission, Admission Criteria, Academic Ability
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Gast, Melanie Jones – Sociology of Education, 2022
Past work and college-access programs often treat college knowledge as discrete pieces of information and focus on the amount of available college information. I use ethnographic and multiwave interview data to compare college-aspiring working- and middle-class black 9th and 11th graders across almost two years in high school along with their…
Descriptors: College Bound Students, Academic Aspiration, Middle Class, African Americans
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Goff, Kerby; Silver, Eric; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora – Sociology of Education, 2022
Researchers have studied academic orientation--students' valuing of and commitment to education--as in part a function of a cultural fit between students' cultural capital, competencies, identity, and the institutional culture of the education system. Recent research on students' aspirations and commitment highlights the moral undertones of such…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Cultural Capital, Self Concept, Organizational Culture
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Downey, Douglas B.; Kuhfeld, Megan; van Hek, Margriet – Sociology of Education, 2022
Growing evidence suggests that contrary to popular belief, schools mostly do not generate achievement gaps in cognitive skills but, rather, reflect the inequalities that already exist. In the case of socioeconomic status, exposure to school often reduces gaps. Surprisingly little is known, however, about whether this pattern extends to gender gaps…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Gender Differences, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Achievement
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Hailey, Chantal A. – Sociology of Education, 2022
Most U.S. students attend racially segregated schools. To understand this pattern, I employ a survey experiment with New York City families actively choosing schools and investigate whether they express racialized school preferences. I find school racial composition heterogeneously affects white, black, Latinx, and Asian parents' and students'…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, School Choice, Racial Composition, Whites
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Harrison, Monique H.; Hernandez, Philip A.; Stevens, Mitchell L. – Sociology of Education, 2022
How do undergraduates make their first course decisions, and are these decisions fateful? Drawing on serial interviews (N = 200) of 53 students at an admissions-selective university, we show that incoming students with disparate precollege experiences differ in their orientations toward and strategies for considering first college math courses.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Repetition, Elective Courses, Undergraduate Students
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Furuta, Jared – Sociology of Education, 2021
National high-stakes exams are a fundamental structural feature of education systems around the world. Despite their importance in shaping educational stratification, little is known about the social processes that influence how and why national high-stakes exams are used at early ages on a global basis. I argue that global trends in the use of…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, High Stakes Tests, Foreign Countries, Comparative Education
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Schofer, Evan; Ramirez, Francisco O.; Meyer, John W. – Sociology of Education, 2021
The advent of mass schooling played a pivotal role in European societies of the later nineteenth century, transforming rural peasants into national citizens. The late-twentieth-century global expansion of higher education ushered in new transformations, propelling societal rationalization and organizing, and knitting the world into a more…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Outcomes of Education, Global Approach, Politics of Education
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Quadlin, Natasha; Conwell, Jordan A. – Sociology of Education, 2021
This article assesses the relationships between race, gender, and parental college savings. Some prior studies have investigated race differences in parental college savings, yet none have taken an intersectional approach, and most of these studies were conducted with cohorts of students who predate key demographic changes among U.S. college goers…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Money Management, Paying for College, Longitudinal Studies
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Haber, Jaren R. – Sociology of Education, 2021
Research shows charter schools are more segregated by race and class than are traditional public schools. I investigate an underexamined mechanism for this segregation: Charter schools project identities corresponding to parents' race- and class-specific parenting styles and educational values. I use computational text analysis to detect the…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, School Segregation, Race, Social Class
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Schudde, Lauren; Jabbar, Huriya; Hartman, Catherine – Sociology of Education, 2021
Broad higher education contexts shape how community college students and postsecondary personnel approach transfer from community colleges to baccalaureate-granting institutions. We leverage the concept of strategic action fields, an organizational theory illuminating processes that play out as actors determine "who gets what" in an…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Transfer Students, Transfer Policy
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Kramarczuk Voulgarides, Catherine; Aylward, Alexandra; Tefera, Adai; Artiles, Alfredo J.; Alvarado, Sarah L.; Noguera, Pedro – Sociology of Education, 2021
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ([IDEA] 2004; IDEA Amendments 1997) is a civil rights--based law designed to protect the rights of students with disabilities in U.S. schools. However, decades after the initial passage of IDEA, racial inequity in special education classifications, placements, and suspensions are evident. In this…
Descriptors: Special Education, Racial Differences, Disproportionate Representation, Discipline
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Riegle-Crumb, Catherine; Peng, Menglu – Sociology of Education, 2021
Utilizing the High School Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students, this study investigates the factors that predict different beliefs about gendered math ability and the potential consequences for students' choices to enter gender-segregated science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Beliefs, Gender Issues
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