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Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn; Jennings, Jennifer L.; Corcoran, Sean P.; Baker-Smith, Elizabeth Christine; Hailey, Chantal – Sociology of Education, 2018
Given the dominance of residentially based school assignment, prior researchers have conceptualized K-12 enrollment decisions as beyond the purview of school actors. This paper questions the continued relevance of this assumption by studying the behavior of guidance counselors charged with implementing New York City's universal high school choice…
Descriptors: High School Students, School Choice, School Policy, School Counselors
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Rosenqvist, Erik – Sociology of Education, 2018
Peers have a paradoxical influence on each other's educational decisions. On one hand, students are prone to conform to each other's ambitious educational decisions and, on the other hand, are discouraged from ambitious decisions when surrounded by successful peers. In this study I examine how peers influence each other's decision to apply to an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Peer Influence, Secondary School Students, Achievement
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Golann, Joanne W. – Sociology of Education, 2018
In the past, sociologists have provided keen insights into the work of teaching, but classic studies by scholars like Dan Lortie and Willard Waller are now decades old. With the current emphasis on teacher evaluation and accountability, the field is ripe for new sociological studies of teaching. How do we understand the work of teaching in this…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, Socialization, Middle School Teachers
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Owens, Ann – Sociology of Education, 2018
Large achievement gaps exist between high- and low-income students and between black and white students. This article explores one explanation for such gaps: income segregation between school districts, which creates inequality in the economic and social resources available in advantaged and disadvantaged students' school contexts. Drawing on…
Descriptors: School Districts, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Race
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Burdick-Will, Julia – Sociology of Education, 2018
Research shows that exposure to local neighborhood violence is associated with students' behavior and engagement in the classroom. Given the social nature of schooling, these symptoms not only affect individual students but have the potential to spill over and influence their classmates' learning, as well. In this study, I use detailed…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Violence, Peer Influence, Academic Achievement
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Yastrebov, Gordey; Kosyakova, Yuliya; Kurakin, Dmitry – Sociology of Education, 2018
In this article, we analyze how the existence of alternative pathways to higher education, which implies different selection mechanisms, shapes social inequality in educational attainment. We focus on the Russian educational system, in which higher education can be accessed from academic and vocational tracks, but the rules of admission to higher…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Background, Access to Education, Higher Education
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Mittleman, Joel – Sociology of Education, 2018
There is growing concern that suspensions trigger a "downward spiral," redirecting children's trajectories away from school success and toward police contact. The current study tests this possibility, analyzing whether and in what ways childhood suspensions increase children's risk for juvenile arrests. Combining 15 years of data from…
Descriptors: Suspension, Juvenile Justice, Crime, Risk
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Fong, Kelley; Faude, Sarah – Sociology of Education, 2018
School choice policies necessarily impose registration timelines, constraining access to schools of choice for students who register late. Drawing on administrative data, survey data, and interviews with 33 parents in Boston, we find that late registration is common and highly stratified: Nearly half of black kindergarteners miss the first…
Descriptors: School Choice, School Registration, Access to Education, Parents
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Welch, Kelly; Payne, Allison Ann – Sociology of Education, 2018
Using a nationally representative sample of approximately 3,500 public schools, this study builds on and extends our knowledge of how ''minority threat'' manifests within schools. We test whether various disciplinary policies and practices are mobilized in accordance with Latino/a student composition, presumably the result of a group response to…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Discipline Policy, Discipline, School Demography
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Felmlee, Diane; McMillan, Cassie; Inara Rodis, Paulina; Osgood, D. Wayne – Sociology of Education, 2018
This study investigates the influence of structural transitions to high school on adolescents' friendship networks and academic grades from 6th through 12th grade, in a direct comparison of students who do and do not transition. We utilize data from 14,462 youth in 51 networks from 26 districts (Promoting School-Community Partnerships to Enhance…
Descriptors: High School Students, Friendship, Change, Social Isolation
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Hanselman, Paul – Sociology of Education, 2018
Are equal educational opportunities sufficient to narrow long-standing economic and racial inequalities in achievement? In this article, I test the hypothesis that poor and minority students benefit less from effective elementary school teachers than do their nonpoor and white peers, thus exacerbating inequalities. I use administrative data from…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Equal Education, Low Income Students, Minority Group Students
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Hamilton, Laura; Roksa, Josipa; Nielsen, Kelly – Sociology of Education, 2018
Although higher education scholars are increasingly exploring disparities within institutions, they have yet to examine how parental involvement contributes to social-class variation in students' experiences. We ask, what role do parents play in producing divergent college experiences for students from different class backgrounds? Relying on…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Social Differences, Student Experience, Parent Role
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Zarifa, David; Kim, Jeannie; Seward, Brad; Walters, David – Sociology of Education, 2018
Despite improved access in expanded postsecondary systems, the great majority of bachelor's degree graduates are taking considerably longer than the allotted four years to complete their four-year degrees. Taking longer to finish one's BA has become so pervasive in the United States that it has become the norm for official statistics released by…
Descriptors: Time to Degree, Social Class, Bachelors Degrees, College Graduates
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Torche, Florencia – Sociology of Education, 2018
Research has shown that intergenerational mobility is higher among individuals with a college degree than those with lower levels of schooling. However, mobility declines among graduate degree holders. This finding questions the meritocratic power of higher education. Prior research has been hampered, however, by the small samples of advanced…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Social Mobility, Doctoral Degrees, College Graduates
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Langenkamp, Amy G.; Carbonaro, William – Sociology of Education, 2018
Our study investigates how changing socioeconomic status (SES) composition, measured as percentage free and reduced priced lunch (FRL), affects students' math achievement growth after the transition to middle school. Using the life course framework of cumulative advantage, we investigate how timing, individual FRL status, and legacy effects of a…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Elementary School Students
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