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Uhrig, S. C. Noah; Watson, Nicole – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Test-retest reliability assessments rarely investigate whether reliability itself is stable or change in reliability affects findings from substantive models. Research across the social sciences often recognizes that measurement error could influence results, yet it rarely applies established error correction methods. Focusing on gender wage…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Wages, National Surveys, Foreign Countries
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Kuha, Jouni; Mills, Colin – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
It is widely believed that regression models for binary responses are problematic if we want to compare estimated coefficients from models for different groups or with different explanatory variables. This concern has two forms. The first arises if the binary model is treated as an estimate of a model for an unobserved continuous response and the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Research Problems, Computation
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Su, Dan; Steiner, Peter M. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Factorial surveys use a population of vignettes to elicit respondents' attitudes or beliefs about different hypothetical scenarios. However, the vignette population is frequently too large to be assessed by each respondent. Experimental designs such as randomized block confounded factorial (RBCF) designs, D-optimal designs, or random sampling…
Descriptors: Surveys, Vignettes, Factor Analysis, Research Design
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Chou, Winston; Imai, Kosuke; Rosenfeld, Bryn – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
Scholars increasingly rely on indirect questioning techniques to reduce social desirability bias and item nonresponse for sensitive survey questions. The major drawback of these approaches, however, is their inefficiency relative to direct questioning. We show how to improve the statistical analysis of the list experiment, randomized response…
Descriptors: Surveys, Test Items, Questioning Techniques, Statistical Analysis
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Baumgartner, Michael; Thiem, Alrik – Sociological Methods & Research, 2020
To date, hundreds of researchers have employed the method of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) for the purpose of causal inference. In a recent series of simulation studies, however, several authors have questioned the correctness of QCA in this connection. Some prominent representatives of the method have replied in turn that simulations…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Comparative Analysis, Inferences, Evaluation Criteria
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Heimer, Carol A. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
This article examines the practices of ethnographers carrying out research in and, especially, on organizations. Ethnographers studying organizations, like other ethnographers, emphasize close observation and understanding the meaning of actions, words, and artifacts; they differ from other fieldworkers, though, in focusing on the organization…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Organizations (Groups), Interpersonal Relationship, Research Problems
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Fine, Gary Alan – Sociological Methods & Research, 2019
Much contemporary ethnography hopes to engage with a community to justify social critique. Whether from problem selection, interpersonal rewards, or a desire for exchange, researchers often take the "side" of informants. Such an approach, linked to "public ethnography," marginalizes a once-traditional approach to fieldwork,…
Descriptors: Ethnography, Epistemology, Local Issues, Research Methodology
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Sugie, Naomi F. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
Mobile technologies, specifically smartphones, offer social scientists a potentially powerful approach to examine the social world. They enable researchers to collect information that was previously unobservable or difficult to measure, expanding the realm of empirical investigation. For research that concerns resource-poor and hard-to-reach…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Disadvantaged, Research Methodology, Social Science Research
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Mikkelsen, Kim Sass – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Contemporary case studies rely on verbal arguments and set theory to build or evaluate theoretical claims. While existing procedures excel in the use of qualitative information (information about kind), they ignore quantitative information (information about degree) at central points of the analysis. Effectively, contemporary case studies rely on…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Mathematical Models, Theories, Causal Models
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Blackwell, Matthew; Honaker, James; King, Gary – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
Although social scientists devote considerable effort to mitigating measurement error during data collection, they often ignore the issue during data analysis. And although many statistical methods have been proposed for reducing measurement error-induced biases, few have been widely used because of implausible assumptions, high levels of model…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Monte Carlo Methods, Data Collection, Simulation
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Klausch, Thomas; Schouten, Barry; Hox, Joop J. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
This study evaluated three types of bias--total, measurement, and selection bias (SB)--in three sequential mixed-mode designs of the Dutch Crime Victimization Survey: telephone, mail, and web, where nonrespondents were followed up face-to-face (F2F). In the absence of true scores, all biases were estimated as mode effects against two different…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Statistical Bias, Sequential Approach, Benchmarking
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Blackwell, Matthew; Honaker, James; King, Gary – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
We extend a unified and easy-to-use approach to measurement error and missing data. In our companion article, Blackwell, Honaker, and King give an intuitive overview of the new technique, along with practical suggestions and empirical applications. Here, we offer more precise technical details, more sophisticated measurement error model…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Correlation, Simulation, Bayesian Statistics
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Tarray, Tanveer A.; Singh, Housila P.; Yan, Zaizai – Sociological Methods & Research, 2017
This article addresses the problem of estimating the proportion Pi[subscript S] of the population belonging to a sensitive group using optional randomized response technique in stratified sampling based on Mangat model that has proportional and Neyman allocation and larger gain in efficiency. Numerically, it is found that the suggested model is…
Descriptors: Models, Efficiency, Sampling, Research Problems
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Møller, Jørgen – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
The use of controlled comparisons pervades comparative historical analysis. Heated debates have surrounded the methodological purchase of such comparisons. However, the quality and validity of the conceptual building blocks on which the comparisons are based have largely been ignored. This article discusses a particular problem pertaining to these…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, History, Evaluation Methods, Validity
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Luo, Liying; Hodges, James S. – Sociological Methods & Research, 2016
Age-period-cohort (APC) models are designed to estimate the independent effects of age, time periods, and cohort membership. However, APC models suffer from an identification problem: There are no unique estimates of the independent effects that fit the data best because of the exact linear dependency among age, period, and cohort. Among methods…
Descriptors: Models, Age, Time, Group Membership
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